Pierre Bourdieu was the most influential sociologist of the late 20th century. The framework he developed continues to inspire countless researchers across the globe and provokes intense debates long after his death. Novel concepts, innovative applications and countless elaborations spring up every day, bulking out and shaping a distinct, if not always entirely consistent, body of work that might be characterised as a recognisable tradition. For those coming to Bourdieu for the first time, therefore, and interested in using his ideas in their own research, it no longer makes sense to confine oneself to the ideas of the man himself. An overview of the varied ways his concepts and arguments have been deepened and updated to make sense of new times or to fill certain gaps, and how insights on seemingly disconnected topics weave together into a bigger picture, is not just desirable but essential.
Bourdieu and After aims to provide exactly this overview. Working closely with Bourdieu’s own writings, but also covering a wide range of research and literature inspired by him, it aims to guide the reader through the key principles, the major and minor concepts and the concrete findings of Bourdieusian sociology as clearly and comprehensively as possible. It explains the difficult and often overlooked philosophical foundations, walks through the logic of famous terms like ‘field’, ‘habitus’ and ‘capital’ and demonstrates how they have been or can be used to provide powerful accounts of colonialism, the emergence of nation states and the rise of global social relations. It covers topics that Bourdieu was famous for analysing, like class and educational inequality, yet also traverses subjects on which he said little but that others influenced by him have tackled in depth, such as ethnicity, sexuality and family.
Along the way Atkinson seeks to undermine some of the common criticisms levelled at Bourdieu while identifying remaining gaps and limitations. Rather than simply recognising the problems, however, Atkinson proposes possible solutions too – solutions that are facilitated, he argues, by characterising Bourdieusian sociology as what he calls ‘relational phenomenology’.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction; Part 1: Foundations; 2. Epistemology: Applied Rationalism and Reflexivity; 3. The Human Condition: Misrecognition and Relationalism; 4. Human Action: Practice and Habitus; Part II: Social Structures; 5. Fields: The Basics; 6. Three Major Spaces: Class, Sex, ‘Origins’; 7. The Field of Power and Micro-Fields; 8. Multiple Field Membership; Part III: Permanence and Change; 9. Historical Sociology: Centralisation, Unification, Differentiation; 10. Education and Social Reproduction; 11. Global Social Relations; 12. Epilogue: Sociology After Bourdieu.
Will Atkinson is Reader in Sociology in the School of Sociology, Politics and International Studies at the University of Bristol, UK.