Brazil is considered one of the world’s most important environmental powers. With a continental territory containing almost 70 per cent of the Amazon rainforest, along with a rich biodiversity and huge amount of natural resources, its geopolitical role in environmental decisions is crucial to ongoing global negotiations surrounding climate change.
Development policies based on extraction and exportation of raw materials by the mining and agribusiness sectors threaten the global environmental balance and the long-term sustainability of Brazil’s economy. Brazil in the Anthropocene examines Brazil's role within the global ecological crisis and considers how national and international policy is influenced by the interdependence of social, political, ethical, scientific and economic factors in the modern age.
With chapters from a diverse range of international scholars this interdisciplinary volume will be of great interest to students and scholars of environmental politics, environmental sociology and the environmental humanities.
Table of Contents
Anthropocene in Brazil: an inquiry into development
obsession and policy limits
PHILIPPE LÉNA AND LIZ-REJANE ISSBERNER
Development dynamics and social-environmentalcontradictions
1 Brazil in the history of the Anthropocene
JOSÉ AUGUSTO PÁDUA
2 Population, development and environmental degradationin Brazil
JOSÉ EUSTÁQUIO DINIZ ALVES AND GEORGE MARTINE
3 The Amazon before the Brazilian environmental issue
VIOLETA REFSKALEVSKY LOUREIRO
4 Deregulation, relocation and environmental confl ict –considerations on the control of social demands in contemporary Brazil
HENRI ACSELRAD AND GUSTAVO NEVES BEZERRA
5 Markets or the Commons? the role of indigenous peoples,traditional communities and sectors of the peasantry in the environmental crisis
Controversy and disinformation
6 Planned disinformation: the example of the Belo Monte dam as a source of greenhouse gases
PHILIP M. FEARNSIDE
7 Biosafety regulations and practices and consequences in Brazil: who wants to hide the problems?
8 Tax incentive for pesticides: a debate on its(un)constitutionality from the environmental rule of lawand the environmental public order
JOÃO ALFREDO TELLES MELO AND GEOVANA DE OLIVEIRA PATRÍCIO MARQUES
Facing the consequences of climate change
9 From co-leader to loner: Brazilian wavering positions in climate change negotiations
LARISSA BASSO AND EDUARDO VIOLA
10 From environmental information to precaution in the face of environmental risks: an analysis of Brazil’s National Policy on Climate Change and rulings by higher courts
CARLOS JOSÉ SALDANHA MACHADO AND RODRIGO MACHADO VILANI
11 Shaping up Brazil’s long-term development considering climate change impacts
SÉRGIO MARGULIS AND NATALIE UNTERSTELL
12 Pathways to a low carbon economy in Brazil
EMILIO LÈBRE LA ROVERE, CLAUDIO GESTEIRA, CAROLINA GROTERA AND WILLIAM WILLS
13 Financing sustainability: where has all the money gone?
14 Climate change and the integration of public policies
MARCEL BURSZTYN AND MARIA AUGUSTA BURSZTYN
15 Environment policy and governance in Brazil: challenges and prospects
ADRIANA MARIA MAGALHÃES DE MOURA
16 Collective forest reserves in agrarian reform settlements: measures to prevent a non-commons tragedy in the Brazilian Amazon
PETER MAY, ROBERT DAVENPORT, PEDRO NOGUEIRA AND PAULO CÉSAR NUNES
Are the multiple social-ecological initiatives the sign of apolitical and cultural shift?
PHILIPPE LÉNA AND LIZ-REJANE ISSBERNER
Liz-Rejane Issberner, economist, is Senior Researcher at the Brazilian Institute on Information in Science and Technology (IBICT) and Professor at the Post-Graduate Programme in Information Science (IBICT with Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Her interdisciplinary research involves information and political ecology as well as eco-innovations and science, technology and social change.
Philippe Léna, geographer and sociologist, is Emeritus Researcher at the Research Institute for Development (IRD-France) and the National Museum of Natural History (MNHN, Paris, France). He has collaborated since 1980 with Brazilian research institutions like INPA (National Institute for Amazonian Research), MPEG (Museum Emílio Goeldi of Pará) and the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), conducting research on social-ecological issues in Amazonia.
In this important new book, the editors and authors make creative and insightful use of the Anthropocene concept as a way of understanding Brazil as a totality, while shedding new light on the concept itself. The volume represents a vital intellectual convergence essential for anyone wanting to grasp the changing Brazilian dispensation. Clive Hamilton, Professor of Public Ethics at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Charles Sturt University in Canberra, Australia, co-editor of The Anthropocene and Global Environmental Crisis