1st Edition

Breeding Research on Aromatic and Medicinal Plants

    456 Pages
    by CRC Press

    435 Pages
    by CRC Press

    The field of medicinal/aromatic plant breeding is growing and changing?this resource will help you stay up to date!

    In this essential book, researchers from large and small laboratories and institutions throughout Europe and the Mediterranean region explore recent developments in the selection and breeding of aromatic and medicinal plants. They take varied approaches?from traditional breeding to the use of molecular markers?and complement them with up-to-date information on biodiversity and resource conservation.

    From the editors: ?It is widely recognized that a strategy of `conservation through use,? by which plant collection via wild harvesting is replaced by controlled cultivation, is the best way forward if we are to balance human demands with the necessary conservation of the biodiversity represented by these species. That provides one major driving force for research in this field. Another concerns the very real need for improving the quality control of products on the market, both to satisfy consumer demand and to conform with the (justifiably) increasing requirements for standardization and precise identification of the composition of the plant materials being sold for human use. We hope that this volume will give readers a taste of the exciting developments in the field.?

    Breeding Research on Aromatic and Medicinal Plants examines:

    • breeding for resistance and abiotic factors
    • manipulating natural product accumulation through genetic engineering
    • biochemical and molecular regulation of essential oil accumulation
    • economic and legal considerations that breeders will encounter
    • the ethical aspects of breeding these plants

    • Preface: Breeding Research on Aromatic and Medicinal Plants
    • Conventional Breeding
    • Breeding for Resistance to Biotic and Abiotic Factors in Medicinal and Aromatic Plants: General Situation and Current Results in Annual Caraway (Carum carvi L. var. annum)
    • Combining Ability of Origanum majorana L. Hybrids: Sensorial Quality
    • Influence of Selection of Inbreeding on Origanum majorana L.
    • Combining Ability of Origanum majorana L. Strains?Agronomical Traits and Essential Oil Content: Results of the Field Experiment Series in 1999
    • Distribution of Pyrrolizidine Alkaloids in Crossing Progenies of Petasites hybridus
    • Breeding of Sweet Basil (Ocimum basilicum) Resistant to Fusarium Wilt Caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. basilicum
    • The Impact of Drought Stress and/or Nitrogen Fertilization in Some Medicinal Plants
    • Fertility of Echinacea angustifolia Moench and Linum usitatissimum L. After Herbicide Treatment
    • Seed Yields, Yield Components, and Essential Oil of Selected Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) Lines
    • Changes in Germination Capacity of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Taxa
    • Investigations on the Infraspecific Variability of Hypericum perforatum L.
    • First Field Trials of Borage (Borago officinalis L.) in Andalusia (Southern Spain) as a Source of ?Biological? Gamma Linolenic Acid
    • Ontogenetic Variation Regarding Hypericin and Hyperforin Levels in Four Accessions of Hypericum perforatum L.
    • Breeding Improvement of Laurus nobilis L. by Conventional and In vitro Propagation Techniques
    • Breeding for a Hypericum perforatum L. Variety Both Productive and Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Tolerant
    • Evaluation of Spontaneous Oleander (Nerium oleander L.) as a Medical Plant
    • Myrtle (Myrtus communis L.) as a New Aromatic Crop: Cutivar Selection
    • Selection of Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) Cultivars to Optimize Biomass Yield
    • Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Molecular Genetics, and Physiology
    • Manipulation of Natural Product Accumulation in Plants Through Genetic Engineering
    • Biochemical and Molecular Regulation of Monoterpene Accumulation in Peppermint (Mentha x piperita)
    • Influence of Environmental Factors (Including UV-B Radiation) on the Composition of the Essential Oil of Ocimum basilicum?Sweet Basil
    • Characterization of Hypericum perforatum L. Plants from Various Accessions by RAPD Fingerprinting
    • DNA Fingerprinting by RAPD on Origanum majorana L.
    • Determination of the Progenitors and the Genetic Stability of the Artichoke Cultivar SALUSCHOCKE? Using Molecular Markers
    • Investigations on Morphological, Biochemical, and Molecular Variability of Ocimum L. Species
    • Peltate Glandual Trichomes of Ocimum basilicum L. (Sweet Basil) Contain High Levels of Enzymes Involved in the Biosynthesis of Phenylpropenes
    • Application of Protoplast Fusion Technology to Tansy (Tanacetum vulgare L.): Biodiversity as a Source to Enhance Biological Activity of Secondary Compounds
    • Rapid SPME-GC Analysis of Volatile Secondary Metabolites in Various Wild Species of the Genus Allium
    • The Effects of Casein and Its Constituents on the Development of Tissue Culture and Somatic Embryogenesis from Malva silvestris L.: A Preliminary Study
    • Preliminary Evaluation of Somaclonal Variation for the In Vitro Production of New Toxic Proteins from Viscum album L.
    • The Effects of Light on Callus Growth and Somatic Embryogenesis from Lavandula vera and Teucrium chamaedrys: A Preliminary Study
    • Studies on the Physiological Function of In Vitro Produced Antioxidants from Sage (Salvia officinalis L.): Effects on Cell Growth and Metabolism
    • A Gentic Map of Papaver somniferum L. Based on Molecular and Morphological Markers
    • Biodiversity and Conservation of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Resources
    • Challenges and Opportunities in Enhancing the Conservation and Use of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants
    • Genetic and Chemical Relations Among Selected Clones of Salvia officinalis
    • The Essential Oil Composition of Algerian Zaatar: Origanum spp. and Thymus spp.
    • Evaluation of Different Madder-Genotypes (Rubia tinctorum L.) For Dyestuff Production
    • Variation of the Anthocyanin Content in Sambucus nigra L. Populations Growing in Portugal
    • Variability in the Content of Gamma-Linolenic Acid and Other Fatty Acids of the Seed Oil of Germplasm of Wild and Cultivated Borage (Borago officinalis L.)
    • Geographic and Environmental Influences on the Variation of Essential Oil and Coumarins in Crithmum maritimum L.
    • Study of Autochtone Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz in Slovenia
    • Biodiversity and Uses of White Mustard (Sinapis alba L.) Native to Israel, as a Plant with Economic Potential
    • Variation of the Arbutin Content in Different Wild Populations of Arctostaphylos uva-ursi in Catalonia, Spain
    • The Chemical Variability of Ocimum Species
    • Phenotypic Variation in Hypericum perforatum L. and H. maculatum Crantz Wild Populations in Lithuania
    • Variation for Agronomic and Essential Oil Traits Among Wild Populations of Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert from Central Italy
    • Variation of Morphology, Yield, and Essential Oil Components on Common Chamomile (Chamomilla recutita (L) Rauschert) Cultivars Grown in Southern Italy
    • Evaluation and Preservation of Genetic Resources of Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L.) in Southern Italy for Pharmaceutical Use
    • Economic, Ethical and Legal Aspects
    • Stakes in the Evolutionary Race: The Economic Value of Plants for Medicinal Applications
    • European Plant Intellectual Property
    • The Effects of Different Nitrogen Doses on Artemisa annua L.
    • Propagation of Some Native Grown Medicinal Plants by Stem Cuttings
    • The Effects of Different Plant Densities on Yield, Yield Components, and Quality of Artemisia annua L. Ecotypes
    • Index
    • Reference Notes Included


    Christopher B Johnson, Chlodwig Franz