Brick and Block Masonry : Proceedings of the 16th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference, Padova, Italy, 26-30 June 2016 book cover
1st Edition

Brick and Block Masonry
Proceedings of the 16th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference, Padova, Italy, 26-30 June 2016

ISBN 9781138029996
Published August 12, 2016 by CRC Press
434 Pages

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Book Description

Brick and Block Masonry - Trends, Innovations and Challenges contains the lectures and regular papers presented at the 16th International Brick and Block Masonry Conference (Padova, Italy, 26-30 June 2016).

In an ever-changing world, in which innovations are rapidly implemented but soon surpassed, the challenge for masonry, the oldest and most traditional building material, is that it can address the increasingly pressing requirements of quality of living, safety, and sustainability. This abstracts volume and full paper USB device, focusing on challenges, innovations, trends and ideas related to masonry, in both research and building practice, will proof to be a valuable source of information for researchers and practitioners, masonry industries and building management authorities, construction professionals and educators.

Table of Contents


Modern and ancient masonry: Nature and role of the binder
G. Artioli & M. Secco

Multi-scale analysis of masonry structures based on discrete element method
X.L. Gu, H. Zhang, J.Y. Jia, X. Li & G.L. Chen

Green building programs in the USA and sustainable design strategies utilizing masonry
C.A. Subasic

Some considerations on testing and experimental simulation of seismic behaviour of masonry walls and buildings
M. Tomaževič

Analysis of masonry structures

Probability of occurrance of slip failure along head joints in masonry subjected to in-plane loading
M. Asenov, N. Mojsilović & T. Mićić

Backbone model for displacement-based seismic design of reinforced masonry shear wall buildings
A. Ashour & W. El-Dakhakhni

Determination the capacity reduction factor of masonry walls under buckling—a numerical procedure based on the transfer matrix method
T. Bakeer & W. Jager

Critical remarks on the use of partial safety factors in non-linear analysis of vertically loaded masonry walls
T. Bakeer & W. Jager

Comparative seismic assessment of masonry towers through nonlinear analysis: The RiSEM experience
G. Bartoli, M. Betti & S. Monchetti

Closed form homogenization model for masonry in-plane loaded
E. Bertolesi & G. Milani

Some remarks on the dynamic characterization of historical architectural complexes in the context of seismic performance assessment
D. Brigante, C. Rainieri & G. Fabbrocino

Rocking resonance of a rigid free standing block
C. Casapulla

The relevance of frictional resistances in out-of-plane mechanisms of block masonry structures
C. Casapulla, L.U. Argiento, F. da Porto & D. Bonaldo

Dynamic identification analysis for the FE model updating of masonry buildings
S. Churilov, K. Milkova & E. Dumova-Jovanoska

Strength reduction factor for out-of-plane failure mechanisms of masonry walls
S. Coccia, F. Di Carlo & S. Imperatore

In-plane strength under seismic forces of multi-storey masonry walls reinforced by steel ties
S. Coccia, M. Como & F. Di Carlo

Strength of cracked masonry buttresses under horizontal loads
S. Coccia, F. Di Carlo & G. Forino

Cross curves of stability for drystone retaining wall design
A.S. Colas, D. Garnier, J.C. Morel, T. Ciblac & C. O’Neill

A study of masonry walls by boundary element formulation using homogenization procedure
L. de Oliveira Neto, F.B. Mangueira & M.J. Masia

Discrete modelling of masonry structures under dynamic loading
R. Dimitri & G. Zavarise

Quasi-static cyclic testing of partially grouted masonry walls with openings—preliminary results
E.S. Fortes, M.R. Silva, G.A. Parsekian, F.S. Fonseca & N.G. Shrive

Influence of connections in the seismic behaviour of trilithic large blocks masonry structures
D. Foti, V. Vacca & S. Ivorra

Finite element modelling of a hybrid unreinforced masonry-reinforced concrete wall
F. Frederickx, B. Vandoren & H. Degee

Finite element analysis on unreinforced masonry walls with openings under lateral loads
Y.J. Hou, X.L. Gu & X. Li

Stochastic spatial modelling of material properties and structural strength of unreinforced masonry in two-way bending
J. Li, M.J. Masia & M.G. Stewart

Seismic assessment of stone masonry using distinct element method
B. Lipo, Al. Genoese, An. Genoese & G. de Felice

Nonlinear macroelement modelling of experimental tests on masonry buildings with rigid diaphragms
M. Mandirola, A. Galasco, A. Penna & G. Magenes

The earthquake performance of stone-masonry basilica churches in Kefalonia-Greece including wall detachment and soil-foundation deformability
G.C. Manos, E. Kozikopoulos, L. Kotoulas & O. Felekidou

New method for determining spacing of movement joints in solid unreinforced veneer walls
D.R.W. Martens

Comparison of equivalent beam models and refined approaches for the modelling of masonry portal frames
C. Mordant, H. Degee & B. Vandoren

Is Modal Pushover Analysis accurate in estimating seismic demands for unreinforced masonry buildings with flexible diaphragms?
Y. Nakamura, H. Derakhshan, M.C. Griffith & G. Magenes

Comparison of seismic behaviour of facades of colonial churches with and without bell towers
F. Pena, C.E. Cruz & N. Garcia

Seismic assessment of innovative AAC masonry solutions
A. Penna, G. Magenes, A. Rosti, M. Mandirola & M. Rota

Analysis of reinforced masonry structures: Equivalent frame approach with Force-Based Elements
M. Peruch, E. Spacone & P.B. Shing

Evaluation of masonry block structures subjected to foundation settlements using limit equilibrium analysis
F. Portioli, L. Cascini & R. Landolfo

Modelling crushing failure in 3D limit analysis of masonry block structures by mathematical programming
F. Portioli, L. Cascini, C. Casapulla & R. Landolfo

Modelling the mechanical behaviour of vegetable fibre reinforced concrete blocks
M.A. Ramalho & A. Taliercio

Static and dynamic analysis of masonry buildings using a new macroelement within the equivalent frame method
G. Rinaldin & C. Amadio

Application of crude Monte Carlo and adaptive importance sampling in reliability assessment of URM shear walls
H. Salehi, M. Montazerolghaem & W. Jager

Effect of pier-spandrel geometry on the in-plane response of masonry structures
S. Saloustros, L. Pela, M. Cervera, P. Roca & D. D’Ayala

Simulating masonry failure using continuous and discontinuous damage models
B. Vandoren

Bond of composites to masonry

Bond characteristics of fibre reinforced mortar in masonry using image analysis
D. Alterman, A.W. Page & J. Kubica

On site composites-to-masonry bond evaluation in presence of rising damp and salt crystallization
G. Cardani, L. Binda, M.R. Valluzzi, P. Girardello, M. Panizza, E. Garbin & P. Casadei

In situ pull-out tests of steel and GFRP injected anchors in masonry walls
F. Ceroni, R. Cuzzilla & M.R. Pecce

Experimental characterization of mortar-based reinforcements with carbon fabrics
S. De Santis, F. Roscini & G. de Felice

On the mechanical behaviour of anchored CFRP-to-masonry reinforcements
M. Fagone & G. Ranocchiai

Testing of bond solutions for UHTS steel strand composites applied to extruded bricks
E. Garbin, M. Panizza, A. Kwiecień, B. Zając, F. Nardon & M.R. Valluzzi

Influence of mortar coating type on the shear resistance of a GFRP based strengthening technique for brick masonry walls
N. Gattesco & I. Boem

Long-term environmental effects on FRP-masonry bond
W. Lucas, P. Visintin & M.C. Griffith

Durability of FRP-strengthening masonry bricks under hygrothermal conditions
H. Maljaee, B. Ghiassi, P.B. Lourenco & D.V. Oliveira

Bond behaviour between textile and mortar for masonry strengthening
D. Saenger & W. Brameshuber

A study of the debonding mechanism in steel and basalt FRCM-masonry joints
M. Santandrea, I.A.O. Imohamed, C. Carloni, C. Mazzotti, S. de Miranda & F. Ubertini

Study on local effects of aggressive environmental conditions on masonry strengthened with FRCM
C. Tedeschi, S. Perego & M.R. Valluzzi

Building physics & durability

How to recognize the impact of masonry components on housing thermal performance
D. Alterman, A.W. Page, C. Zhang & B. Moghtaderi

The importance of internal thermal mass to the thermal performance of housing
D. Alterman, A.W. Page, C. Zhang & B. Moghtaderi

Experimental investigations on the influence of thermal elements on the structural stability of modern masonry walls
M. Deyazada, B. Vandoren & H. Degee

Methodology for the detection and quantification of the moisture content in ceramic masonry structures
L.D. Domenech, G.P. Cetrangolo, G. Moltini & A.A. Morquio

Creating comfortable conditions in buildings
G.J. Edgell

Probabilistic modelling of the damage induced by salt crystallization in fiber reinforced clay brick masonry
E. Garavaglia, C. Tedeschi, S. Perego & M.R. Valluzzi

Influence of the suction behaviour of calcium silicate units on the properties of masonry under compressive load
M. Graubohm & W. Brameshuber

Retrofitting vapour permeable insulation to traditional brick and stone masonry walls, observations from 15 in situ trials
M. Jenkins

Long term monitoring of water content in a brick masonry wall using a dielectric probe
P.K. Larsen

Influence of the salt crystallization in the durability of granites used in vernacular masonry buildings
M.L. Martins, G. Vasconcelos, P.B. Lourenco & C. Palha

Innovative masonry elements with thermal performance
C.L. Matei

Influence of water saturation on the strength and deformability of brick masonry under compression
P. Matysek & M. Witkowski

Corrosion of bed joint reinforcement in faced single-leaf brick facades—field survey
M. Molnar & O. Larsson

Freeze-thaw durability of cement-lime-sand mortars
A.S. Smith

Influence of enclosure masonry walls on energy consumption of buildings
H. Sousa, R. Sousa & L. Sousa

Influence of nitrates salts on chosen properties of ceramic brick
T. Stryszewska

Experimental investigation of thermal insulation properties of Semi Interlocking Masonry (SIM) Walls
Y. Totoev, R. Forghani, S. Kanjanabootra & D. Alterman

Efflorescence formation on external masonry walls—a long-term exposure study
M. Wesołowska & A. Kaczmarek

Influence of selected mortars on the integrity of facing walls
M. Wesołowska

Investigation of the temporal development of carbonation mechanisms of autoclaved aerated concrete
B. Winkels & W. Brameshuber

Case studies

Post-tensioned concrete masonry roof panels: A case study
D. Biggs

Military masonry structures: Characteristics of the XVI century coastal watchtowers of the Pontifical States
R. Cacciotti & J. Kunecky

Critical issues in the assesment of seismic vulnerability of historical masonry buildings: A study case
B. Calderoni, E.A. Cordasco, G. Pacella & V. Onotri

A 20-storey high masonry building in Brazil—design problems and adopted strategies
M.R.S. Correa

BIM schema for masonry units and walls
T.R. Gentry, S. Sharif, A. Cavieres & D. Biggs

Indicators of the design for producing non-loadbearing masonry
A.C. Lordsleem Jr. & V. Silva

Structural characterization and performance assessment of the Villa d’Este Palace in Tivoli
A. Marra, D. Brigante, C. Rainieri & G. Fabbrocino

Gaudi’s La Pedrera, sustainable masonry building from the beginning of the 20th century
C. Salas, C. Bedoya & J. Adell

The identification of horizontal wooden beams in the walls of historic buildings in safed: First stages in research
Y. Schaffer, A. Levy, M. Ronen & A. Hilman

The untold story of the masonry industry in the United States
J.G. Tawresey

Codes & standards

Empirical estimation of the load bearing capacity of masonry under buckling—critical remarks and a proposal for a new approach
T. Bakeer & W. Jager

Analysis of nationally determined parameters of EN 1996-1-1
C-A. Graubner & B. Koob

Practical design of masonry subjected to horizontal loads based on Eurocode 6 shear model
A. Jager & M. Gams

Next generation of Eurocode 8, masonry chapter
S. Lu, K. Beyer, V. Bosiljkov, C. Butenweg, D. D’Ayala, H. Degee, M. Gams, J. Klouda, S. Lagomarsino, A. Penna, N. Mojsilovic, F. da Porto, L. Sorrentino & E. Vintzileou

The role of a systematic analysis of building codes to support an assessment methodology for built heritage
C. Ornelas, J.M. Guedes & I. Breda-Vazquez

Adoption and implementation of Eurocode 6 in Sri Lanka context
J.A. Thamboo

Conservation of historic buildings

Experimental analysis of masonry ring beams reinforced with composite materials
A. Borri, R. Sisti, M. Corradi & A. Giannantoni

Seismic vulnerability of “ancient” masonry buildings and strengthening intervention strategies
B. Calderoni, A. Prota, E.A. Cordasco & A. Sandoli

Origin and transformation of the Portico Lungo in Carpi: Analysing the brickwork facade
C. Di Biase, L. Balboni & P. Corradini

Experimental studies of brick masonry in the Auschwitz II—Birkenau former death camp buildings
P. Matysek, T. Stryszewska & S. Kańka

Seismic strengthening of a theatre masonry building by using active FRP wires
F. Micelli, A. Cascardi & M. Marsano

The brick masonry of Pietrasanta bell tower in Naples. Knowledge and conservation of an iconic medieval building
R. Picone & S. Borea

The uniqueness of the Salt Warehouse in Mantua: Analysis of the structure complexity from the Roman Wall to present
A. Saisi, S. Terenzoni & L. Valsasnini

Use of polymer grid for structural reinforcement in a brick masonry church in Peru
D. Torrealva & W. Torres

Knowledge-based data warehouse of interventions for the protection of masonry historical heritage
M.R. Valluzzi, F. da Porto, G. Giacometti, F. Lorenzoni & C. Modena

The preservation problems of masonry houses in Başpinar rural settlement
H. Yildiz

Earthen constructions

Mechanical testing in adobe bricks and earthen mortar from the archaeological complex of Huaca de la Luna in Peru
R. Aguilar, M. Montesinos, E. Ramirez, S. Uceda & R. Morales

Geomatics’ procedures and dynamic identification for the structural survey of the church of ‘San Juan Bautista de Huaro’ in Peru
R. Aguilar, M.F. Noel, C. Briceno, D. Arce, B. Castaneda & L.F. Ramos

Adobe in Sardinia. Static and dynamic behaviour of the earthen material and of adobe constructions
D. Asprone, F. Parisi, A. Prota, L. Fenu & V. Colasanti

Recycled-plastic reinforced earthen masonry prototype for tornado-resistant dwellings
M.C. Cuellar-Azcarate & F. Matta

Assessment of the seismic vulnerability of traditional Bhutanese buildings
T. Ilharco, A.A. Costa, J.M. Guedes, B. Quelhas da Silva, V. Lopes, J.L. Vasconcelos & G. Vasconcelos

Bonding capacity of jute fabric reinforcements of earthen structural elements. An experimental analysis
F. Loccarini, M. Fagone, G. Ranocchiai, J.A. Garcia Manrique & J.R. Ruiz Checa

Modern earth construction techniques—an overview
D. Maskell, B.V.V. Reddy, P. Walker & A. Heath

Calibration of partial safety factors for earth block masonry under compression loading
P. Muller, L. Miccoli, P. Fontana & C. Ziegert

Mechanical performance of compressed earth block masonry using granitic residual soils
D.V. Oliveira, T.F. Miranda, L.F. Ramos, R.A. Silva, E. Soares & D. Leitao

Static and dynamic testing for validating the polymer grid as external reinforcement in earthen buildings
D. Torrealva

Eco-materials & sustainability

Ability to resist different weathering actions of eco-friendly wood fiber masonry blocks
Z.K. Aljaberi, A.A. Gheni, J.J. Myers & M.E. ElGawady

Developments in construction details using masonry in the UK
C.A. Fudge

Energy efficiency and thermal characterization of eco-friendly wood fiber masonry blocks
A.A. Gheni, Z.K. Aljaberi, M.E. ElGawady & J.J. Myers

Quality factors for the evaluation of sustainable redevelopment of masonry buildings
A. Ohler

Resource efficiency by demountable slab construction using masonry units
S. Ortlepp, R. Masou, W. Jager & R. Ortlepp

Masonry in Australia—meeting the challenges of the 21st century
A.W. Page & E. McIntyre

Innovative mix design with bionatural aggregates for precast vibro compressed units
M. Sassu, L. Giresini, E. Bonannini & R. Cecconi

Lime carbonation, environmental footprint of seven mortars placed on the European market
T. Schlegel & A. Shtiza

Characterization and blowing application tests of a new geopolymer loose-fill material for the insulation of cavity walls
A. Smits, D. Nicaise, F. de Barquin, K. Hariri & J. Bosnjak

Effect and durability of sisal fibers in concrete blocks
I.I. Soto & M.A. Ramalho

Fire resistance, blasts & impacts

Probabilistic risk assessment of masonry buildings exposed to improvised explosive devices
M. Campidelli, W.W. El-Dakhakhni, M.J. Tait & W. Mekky

Risk–driven fragility evaluation of reinforced concrete block walls subjected to blast hazard
M. Campidelli, W.W. El-Dakhakhni, M.J. Tait & W. Mekky

Modelling of masonry walls rendered with auxetic foam layers against vehicular impacts
M. Dhanasekar, D.P. Thambiratnam, T.H.T. Chan, S. Noor-E-Khuda & T. Zahra

Extended application of fire test results with clay unit masonry according to EN 15080-12
U. Meyer & T. Mittmann

Out-of-plane blast capacity of load-bearing masonry walls
F. Parisi, C. Balestrieri & D. Asprone

Numeric research on the mechanical properties of different masonry units during and after fire
S. Russo & F. Sciarretta

Resilience-based design of reinforced masonry wall buildings under blast loading
S. Salem, W. El-Dakhakhni & M. Tait

Numerical analysis of the structural response of RC-framed buildings subjected to internal explosions
M.A. Zanini, P. Mocellin, C. Vianello, G. Maschio, F. Faleschini, M. Andreotti, C. Pellegrino & C. Modena

Masonry bridges, arches & vaults

3D Limit Analysis of Roman groin vaults
C. Baggio & P. Trovalusci

Influence of environmental degradation on dynamic properties of masonry bridges
A. Benedetti, J. Nichols & A. Tomor

Fiber-reinforcement of masonry arches and barrel vaults through topology optimization
M. Bruggi & A. Taliercio

Operating conditions of an ancient Roman bridge: Inspections and vibration analysis
M. Caldon, F. Lorenzoni, C. Modena, R. Deiana & M.R. Valluzzi

Modeling unknown variables and degradation effects in the assessment of stone arch bridges
C. Citto & D.B. Woodham

The analysis of the main spire reversed arches of the Cathedral of Milan
D. Coronelli, G. Cardani & G. Angjeliu

Experimental and numerical modal analysis of a historical masonry bridge
L. Dezi, F. Gara, D. Roia & G. Leoni

Experimental and numerical analyses of a masonry arch under base impulse excitation
A. Gaetani, G. Monti, M. Moroni & P.B. Lourenco

Small scale tests to verify the admissible spreading of the support of an arched masonry construction for a historic bridge intervention
B. Gigla & T. Jansen

Methodology of static analysis, strengthening and monitoring of brick vaults and pillars in St. James basilica in Nysa (Poland)
J. Jasieńko, Ł.J. Bednarz, W. Misztal, K. Raszczuk & T.P. Nowak

“Reinforced Arch Method” in the consolidation of masonry arches and vaults: Experimental results
L. Jurina

Effects of FRP-strengthening on thrusts of arches and vaulted masonry structures
A. La Tegola & W. Mera

Plywood extrados retaining structures for the retrofit of single-leaf vaults
A. Marini, E. Giuriani, A. Belleri, M. Preti & L. Ferrario

Simplified model for collapse analysis of masonry barrel vaults
G. Ramaglia, G.P. Lignola & A. Prota

Structural analysis of a large stone dome in Granada (Spain)
J. Suarez & C. Madero

Masonry infill walls & RC frames

Out-of-plane response of masonry infilled RC frames: Effect of workmanship and opening
F. Akhoundi, G. Vasconcelos, P. Lourenco & L. Silva

Innovative systems for masonry infill walls based on the use of rubber joints: Finite element modelling and comparison with in-plane tests
A. Calabria, G. Guidi, F. da Porto & C. Modena

A simplified assessment model of masonry infill piers
T.C. Chiou, S.J. Hwang, Y.H. Tu & Y.S. Tu

The INSYSME project: Innovative construction systems for earthquake resistant masonry infill walls
F. da Porto, N. Verlato, G. Guidi & C. Modena

Numerical analysis of the out-of-plane response of two systems for masonry infills
A. Drougkas, C.-E. Adami, E. Vintzileou & V. Palieraki

Numerical analysis of a masonry infill (divided into smaller wallettes) under in-plane cyclic loading
A. Drougkas, C.-E. Adami, E. Vintzileou & V. Palieraki

In-plane cyclic tests on hollow clay brick masonry infills retrofitted by glass fiber mesh reinforced mortar coating
L. Facconi, F. Minelli & E. Giuriani

Experimental study of the out-of-plane behaviour of masonry infill walls with and without previous in-plane damage
A. Furtado, A. Arede, H. Varum & H. Rodrigues

Simplified evaluation of drifts for RC buildings with masonry infills
S. Hak, P. Morandi & G. Magenes

Numerical investigation of masonry infilled R.C. frames
T. Kubalski, M. Marinković & C. Butenweg

A masonry infill wall model with in-plane—out-of-plane interaction applied to pushover analysis of RC frames
F. Longo, G. Granello, G. Tecchio, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Seismic response history analysis including out-of-plane collapse of unreinforced masonry infill walls in RC frame structures
F. Longo, L. Wiebe, F. da Porto & C. Modena

In-plane performance of RC infilled frames under seismic actions: Experimental versus code provision values
A. Masi, V. Manfredi & G. Cetraro

Numerical simulation of the non-linear behaviour of masonry infills within multi-story RC framed structures
G.C. Manos & V. Soulis

Innovative seismic solution for clay masonry infills with sliding joints: Experimental tests
R.R. Milanesi, P. Morandi & G. Magenes

Innovative seismic solution for clay masonry infills with sliding joints: Principles and details
P. Morandi, R.R. Milanesi & G. Magenes

Behaviour of masonry infills subjected to out of plane seismic actions. Part 1: Theoretical analysis
M. Moşoarcă, C. Petruş, V. Stoian & A. Anastasiadis

Behaviour of masonry infills subjected to out of plane seismic actions. Part 2: Experimental testing
M. Moşoarcă, C. Petruş, V. Stoian & A. Anastasiadis

Experimental study of the effect of interfacial gaps on the in-plane behaviour of masonry infilled RC frames
E. Nasiri & Y. Liu

In-plane—out-of-plane interaction in the seismic response of masonry infills in RC frames
M. Oliaee & G. Magenes

Design of masonry infill walls with sliding joints for earthquake structural damage control
M. Preti, V. Bolis & A. Stavridis

Prediction of the out-of-plane response of infilled frames under seismic loads by a new fibersection macro-model
P.B. Shing, L. Cavaleri & F. Di Trapani

Experimental evaluation of a constructive system for earthquake resisting masonry enclosure walls
L. Silva, G. Vasconcelos, P. Lourenco & F. Akhoundi

Lateral load experiment and comparison with analytical model for in-filled masonry panels with openings in an RC frame
Y.H. Tu, Y.F. Chao & T.C. Chiou

Experimental tests on masonry infilled gravity- and seismic-load designed RC frames
G.M. Verderame, P. Ricci, C. Del Gaudio & M.T. De Risi

Innovative systems for masonry infill walls based on the use of deformable joints: Combined in-plane/out-of-plane tests
N. Verlato, G. Guidi, F. da Porto & C. Modena

In-plane and out-of-plane response of a masonry infill divided into smaller wallettes
E. Vintzileou, C.E. Adami & V. Palieraki

Non-linear static analysis of multi-storey steel frame with semi-interlocking masonry infill panels
Z. Wang, Y. Totoev & K. Lin

Contribution of masonry cladding for robustness enhancement of multi-storey buildings under sudden column loss
F.B. Xavier, L. Macorini & B.A. Izzuddin

Masonry materials & testing

Integrated geomatic methodologies for the 3-D survey of “Ex Stazione Frigorifera Specializzata” (Magazzini Generali of Verona, Italy)
V. Achilli, M. Fabris, A. Menin & M. Monego

Experimental testing of unreinforced masonry walls with openings subject to cyclic in-plane shear
C. Allen, M.J. Masia, A.W. Page, M.C. Griffith, H. Derakhshan & N. Mojsilovic

Compressive behavior of hollow block masonry prism plastered with steel fiber reinforced mortar with microsilica and nanosilica
M. Alshugaa, M.K. Rahman, M.H. Baluch, M. Al-Osta & A. Sadoon

Laser shearography NDE of masonry and concrete structures
A.M. Amde, R. Livingston & J.W. Newman

Sustainable self-consolidating grout
C.V. Baltimore, J. Mwangi & K. Siggard

Microstructural characterization of phases and interfaces of Portland cement mortar
M.F.O. Barreto & P.R.G. Brandao

Nanostructural characterization of phases and interfaces of Portland cement mortar
M.F.O. Barreto & P.R.G. Brandao

Effect of static and kinematic boundary conditions on the out-of-plane response of brick masonry walls
K. Beyer & F. Lucca

Mechanical characterization of particular masonry panels in Tuscany
S. Boschi, C. Bernardini, A. Borghini, A. Ciavattone, E. Del Monte, S. Giordano, A. Vignoli & N. Signorini

The improvement of spandrels in existing masonry buildings in order to avoid brittle failure: Experimental campaign on reinforced specimens
B. Calderoni, E.A. Cordasco & G. Pacella

The diagnostic investigations plan for historic masonry buildings: The role of sonic tests and other minor destructive techniques
L. Cantini

The analysis and the diagnostic investigation of tuff masonry structures of a historic villa in Naples
L. Cantini, M.A. Parisi, C. Tardini & G. Cardani

Analysis and evaluations of flat jack test on a wide existing masonry buildings sample
E. Cescatti, M. Dalla Benetta, C. Modena & F. Casarin

Out-of-plane loading test of perforated concrete brick walls confined by floor slabs
L.F. Chen, X. Li & X.L. Gu

Double punch tests on new and salt-decayed lime mortar joints
C. Colla & E. Gabrielli

On-site diagnosis of masonry structures via sonic tomography: The case of the ex-church of San Barbaziano
C. Colla & E. Gabrielli

Probabilistically based model error for the assessment of in-plane lateral resistance of unreinforced masonry blockwork
P. Cotič, M. Kržan & V. Bosiljkov

Flexural behaviour of FRP strengthened brick cavity walls
H. Derakhshan, W. Lucas & M.C. Griffith

The influence of the type of mortar on the compressive behaviour of walls made of Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC)
Ł. Drobiec, R. Jasiński & T. Rybarczyk

Shear strength of dry-stack masonry walls
J.G. Eixenberger & F.S. Fonseca

Flexural strength of vertically perforated thermal insulating clay unit masonry
E. Fehling, M. Ismail, U. Meyer & S. Samaan

In-situ diagonal compression and shear-compression destructive tests on masonry panels from rural buildings in Emilia Romagna region
F. Ferretti, C. Mazzotti, B. Ferracuti & A.R. Tilocca

Use of EC6-like equations to estimate the compressive strength of masonry made of solid clay bricks and lime mortar
D. Ferretti, E. Coisson, D. Ugolotti & E. Lenticchia

The influence of block geometry on the compressive strength of clay masonry
F.S. Fonseca, E. Rizzatti, G. Mohamed, H.R. Ramos & G. Lindner

Creep behavior of a building stone from the South of Italy
D. Foti, V. Vacca, S. Ivorra, V. Brotons & R. Tomas

In-plane behaviour of a masonry stone wall with hexagonal blocks
D. Foti, S. Ivorra & V. Vacca

Seismic behaviour of URM walls: Analysis of a database
M. Gams, P. Triller, M. Lutman & J. Snoj

Prompt structural assessment of historic towers
C. Gentile & A. Saisi

Loadbearing capacity of masonry walls under predominant bending due to wind loads
C-A. Graubner & M. Schmitt

Experimental characterisation of calcium-silicate brick masonry for seismic assessment
F. Graziotti, A. Rossi, M. Mandirola, A. Penna & G. Magenes

Thermal insulating lime plaster
H. Hansen, A. Ethesham, T. Bech-Petersen & M.S. Moesgaard

Friction on mortar-less joints in semi interlocking masonry
M.A. Hossain, Y.Z. Totoev & M.J. Masia

The evaluation of masonry shear strength by means of different experimental techniques: A comparison between full-scale and laboratory tests
A. Incerti, V. Rinaldini & C. Mazzotti

Distribution of compression stress in historical three-leaf stone masonry walls after interal injection
J. Jasieńko, Ł. Bednarz, W. Misztal & K. Raszczuk

Comparison research of kind of mortar influence and bed joints reinforcement on shear parameters of AAC masonry walls
R. Jasiński, A. Piekarczyk & L. Misiewicz

Analysis of behaviour of cyclic loaded clay block walls using the FEM model
J.K. Klouda

Shear tests on monolithic external clay unit masonry walls with reduced support length
T. Kranzler

Unreinforced clay brick masonry wallettes sheared perpendicular or parallel to bed joints— a comparative study
J. Kubica

Superficial strengthening of AAC block masonry using GFRP strips—diagonal compression tests of small wallettes
J. Kubica & I. Galman

Evaluation of mortar strength in existing masonry structures through a Minor Destructive Technique
D. Marastoni, A. Benedetti & L. Pela

Comparison between in situ experimental data and Italian code standard values
G. Marghella, A. Marzo, B. Carpani, M. Indirli & A. Formisano

Estimation of unreinforced tuff masonry compressive strength based on mortar and unit mechanical parameters
A. Marotta, D. Liberatore & L. Sorrentino

Experimental study on the mechanical performance of steel ties for brick masonry veneers
A. Martins, G. Vasconcelos & A. Campos Costa

Flexural strength of stack bonded masonry in one way horizontal bending: Influence of bed joint reinforcement
M.J. Masia, G. Simundic & A.W. Page

Compressive strength of brick masonry in existing buildings—research on samples cut from the structures
P. Matysek

Testing mechanical behavior of earthen mortar masonry: Studies on Palazzo Raimondi in Cremona
G. Mirabella Roberti, A.G. Landi & C. Tiraboschi

In-plane test campaign on different load-bearing URM typologies with thin shell and web clay units
P. Morandi, L. Albanesi & G. Magenes

Seismic behaviour of L- and T-shaped unreinforced masonry shear walls
C. Mordant, V. Denoel & H. Degee

Compressive strength behaviour of hollow clay block prims filled with bed joint mortar
M.R. Nascimento, I.R. Gomes & H.R. Roman

Mechanical characteristics of traditional type bricks used in repair interventions of byzantine monuments
I. Papayianni & M. Stefanidou

Shear strength of concrete block beams: Assessment of international codes and influence of shear span and longitudinal reinforcement
R.D. Pasquantonio, G.A. Parsekian, P.R.N. Soudais & J.S. Camacho

Complete experimental characterization of lime mortar and clay brick masonry
L. Pela, E. Canella, K. Kasioumi, P. Roca & D. Marastoni

Static-cyclic tests on I-shaped masonry wallettes with soft-layer bed joint
M. Petrović, B. Stojadinović & N. Mojsilović

Distortions and the way of damaging masonry walls supported on deflected structural elements
A. Piekarczyk & R. Jasiński

Experimental study on flexural properties of perforated concrete brick masonry materials
C.L. Pu, X. Li & X.L. Gu

Research on the full range stress-strain curve of autoclaved aerated concrete block masonry
S. Qin, X. Yang, J. Lu & T. Pi

Comparison of compressive strength of concrete block masonry prisms and solid concrete prisms
S. Rizaee, M.D. Hagel, P. Kaheh & N. Shrive

Effects of in-plane loading on the out-of-plane stability of slender reinforced concrete masonry shear walls
B.R. Robazza, T.Y. Yang, K.J. Elwood, D.L. Anderson, S. Brzev & B. McEwen

Requirements for execution classes
J.J. Roberts

Behavior of masonry wall with steel-fiber reinforced mortar for joints and plaster
A. Sadoon, M.K. Rahman, M.H. Baluch, M. Al-Osta & M. Alshugaa

Effect of vertical stresses on lateral in-plane response of brick masonry walls
H.U. Sajid, M. Ashraf, S.H. Sajid, S. Saeed & I. Azim

Reliability analysis of methods for utilization of partial factors in flexural failure mode of masonry shear walls
H. Salehi, M. Montazerolghaem & W. Jager

Test set-up and proposed testing procedure for the determination of masonry walls under in-plane shear loadings
D.C. Schermer

Characterization of lime-stabilized earthen mortars from historic masonry structures
M. Secco, A. Addis & G. Artioli

A review of research and experimental findings on the effects of hydrated (air) lime addition to cement-based masonry mortars on the properties of the mortars and associated masonry
A.S. Smith & R. Givens

Development of a masonry mortar freeze-thaw laboratory test method and the performance of CEM II mortar masonry panels
A.S. Smith & G.J. Edgell

Development of a new flatjack for hollow block masonry
M.O. Soriani, E.R. Sanches, G.A. Parsekian & M.P. Schuller

Statistical tests for the goodness of fit of mortar compressive strength distributions
L. Sorrentino, P. Infantino & D. Liberatore

A comparative study of the compression behaviour of thin layer mortared and conventional masonry
J.A. Thamboo & M. Dhanasekar

Out-of-plane shaking table tests on URM cavity walls
U. Tomassetti, F. Graziotti, A. Penna & G. Magenes

Seismic behaviour of multistorey plain masonry shear walls with openings: An experimental study
P. Triller, M. Tomaževič & M. Gams

A practical design method for flexural elements of dry-stacked post-tensioned masonry system
H. Urrego-Giraldo, R. Bonett-Diaz & J. Restrepo

Compression behaviour of structural clay block prisms with different shell and web thickness
C.Z. Valdameri, L.F. Coelho, K.M. Junior, M. Utzig & H.R. Roman

Compression and shear properties of masonry cut from walls, three to ninety-five years old, compared with laboratory made masonry
A.T. Vermeltfoort & D.R.W. Martens

Characterisation of historical fired clay bricks with small angle neutron scattering
A. Viani, K. Sotiriadis, P. Šašek, R. Ševčik & A. Len

In-situ mechanical characterization of existing masonry typologies: A research project in Italy finalized to update the structural codes
A. Vignoli, S. Boschi, C. Modena & E. Cescatti

Effective stiffness of unreinforced brick masonry walls
B.V. Wilding & K. Beyer

Experimental investigation of dry joint surface and closure characteristics of interlocking blocks under compression
T. Zahra, Z. Yin & M. Dhanasekar

Masonry repair & strengthening

Effectiveness of inorganic matrix–grid composites for strengthening masonry walls
A. Balsamo, D. Asprone, I. Iovinella, G. Maddaloni, C. Menna, A. Prota, F. Ceroni & A. Zinno

Use of FRP fabrics and stainless steel grids for strengthening brick masonry columns
G. Campione, L. Cavaleri, L. La Mendola & M. Papia

Effect of transversal steel connectors on the behavior of rubble stone-masonry walls: Two case studies in Italy
M. Candela, A. Borri, M. Corradi & L. Righetti

Investigation on multiple-leaf brickwork masonry walls under compression and shear
R. Capozucca & G. Pace

Experimental investigation on pre-cracked masonry specimens repaired by bed joints structural repointing
S. Casacci, A. Di Tommaso & C. Gentilini

The effect of different strengthening systems on the cracking of spandrel walls made of calcium silicate units
Ł. Drobiec

Retrofitting URM cavity walls for out-of-plane composite behaviour
M. Giaretton, K. Walsh, D. Dizhur, F. da Porto & J. Ingham

Influence of the water absorption on the performance of supplementary injection anchors inside masonry
B. Gigla

Core fill materials for the in-plane strengthening of concrete block shear walls
R.T. Harris & S.L. Lissel

Experimental in-plane cyclic response of unreinforced masonry walls versus strengthened walls using jacketing
M. Hrasnica, N. Ademović, S. Medić & F. Biberkić

Pull out testing of self-screwing retrofit wall to diaphragm anchorage system
N. Ismail & H. El-Hassan

Effects of eco-friendly ductile cementitious composites (EDCC) on dynamic characteristics of hollow concrete masonry walls
P. Kaheh & N. Shrive

Influence of eco-friendly ductile cementitious composites (EDCC) on in-plane behaviour of hollow concrete masonry walls
P. Kaheh, N. Shrive, S. Soleimani-Dashtaki & N. Banthia

Modelling of tuff masonry walls retrofitted with inorganic matrix–grid composites
G.P. Lignola, C. D’Ambra, A. Prota & F. Ceroni

Shear behaviour of Fiber Reinforced Mortar strengthened masonry walls built with limestone blocks and hydraulic mortar
F. Micelli, M.S. Sciolti, M. Leone, M.A. Aiello & A. Dudine

Structural performances of masonry beam strengthening with FRP sheets
P. Munjal, S.B. Singh & N. Thammishetti

Aramid fibres for conservative intervention on masonry structures
E. Pinotti, C. Casalegno, R. Ceravolo & C. Surace

Use of superficial reinforcement for reducing the seismic vulnerability of unreinforced masonry houses in Peru
D. Torrealva & A. Alza

The strengthening of mansonry structures through the combined use of the joint resealing and Fabric Reinforced Cementitious Matrix (FRCM) systems: The case study of the Abbazia di San Paolo Fuori le Mura in Rome
A. Trimboli, G. Mantegazza, M. Tommasini & E. Cerasi

Experimental and numerical investigation on collar-jointed masonry walls
C. Wang, J.P. Forth, N. Nikitas & V. Sarhosis

New construction techniques/technologies

Innovative insulation technique for reducing heat loss in veneer masonry walls
E. Alkhateeb, H. Youssef & W. Jaeger

How modularity, block size and thin layer mortar can lead to higher productivity and sustainable constructions
O. Arce, H. Vekemans & F. de Bever

Prefabricated thin layers of mortar for masonry
W. Brameshuber, M. Graubohm & D. Saenger

Seismic isolation in masonry buildings: Technological and economic issues
P. Clemente, F. Bontempi & A. Boccamazzo

The influence of a thin mortar layer on a mortarless masonry wall system
F.S. Fonseca & J.G. Eixenberger

Design of basement walls under lateral earth pressure
V. Forster & C-A. Graubner

Fastening of windows in vertically perforated thermal insulating clay unit masonry
U. Meyer, J. Kuenzlen, E. Scheller, W. Jehl, J. Novak, N. Sack & T. Feth

Out-of-plane behavior of an interlocking masonry unit
C.B. Thomson, B.D. Weldon & S. Biadora

Research progress and low-carbon property of reinforced concrete block masonry structures in China
F.L. Wang, X.C. Zhang & F. Zhu

Reinforced & confined masonry

Application of Strut-and-Tie Model for seismic design of confined masonry shear walls
S. Brzev & J.J. Perez Gavilan

Comparative assessment of externally rendered and internally grouted reinforced hollow concrete dry stacked masonry walls subject to out-of-plane bending
R. Dhanasekar & M. Ferozkhan

System-level seismic performance assessment of an asymmetrical reinforced concrete block building with boundary elements
M. Ezzeldin, W. El-Dakhakhni & L. Wiebe

Out-of-plane behaviour of slender reinforced masonry walls for tall single storey buildings: Design procedure
B. Ferracuti, L. Bacci & M. Savoia

Influence of lap splice termination in concrete block masonry
C. Galliot & L.R. Feldman

Experimental analysis of in-plane shear strength of reinforced concrete masonry walls and its seismic behavior
D.A. Hidalgo-Leiva, A.H. Barbat, L.G. Pujades & D. Acuna-Garcia

Research of bed joints reinforced masonry walls with openings made of calcium silicate units horizontally sheared
R. Jasiński

Design of special reinforced masonry shear walls in the U.S.
G.R. Kingsley, T. Gangel & P.B. Shing

Experimental investigation of confined masonry infill walls
J.M. Leal G., J.J. Perez Gavilan, J.H. Castorena G. & J.I. Velazquez D.

Reconstruction of a rural building damaged by 2012 Emilia earthquake using tall reinforced masonry walls designed accounting for p-Δ effects
F. Mosele, L. Barbieri & F. Botti

Shear strength of confined masonry walls with transverse reinforcement
J.J. Perez Gavilan E. & A.I. Cruz O.

Applied equations for reinforced masonry elements subject to seismic bending plus compression
J.G. Tawresey & F.S. Dill

Bed joint reinforcement and the load bearing capacity of masonry beams
A.T. Vermeltfoort

Seismic performance & vulnerability assessment

Seismic demand, deformability and damage of masonry buildings
D.P. Abrams

Experimental research on the seismic behaviour of contemporary masonry chimney systems
V. Bosiljkov, D. Antolinc, G. Steinecker & S. Plaskan

Seismic vulnerability analysis for masonry hospital structures: Expeditious and detailed methods
A. Ciavattone, A. Vignoli & H.G. Matthies

Shake table testing of retrofitted clay brick masonry chimneys
D. Dizhur, J. Ingham & M. Giaretton

Performance of unreinforced masonry and infilled RC buildings during the 2015 Gorkha, Nepal earthquake sequence
D. Dizhur, J. Ingham, M. Griffith, D. Biggs & A. Schultz

Seismic vulnerability assessment of existing masonry buildings by nonlinear static analyses and fragility curves
M. Fava, M. Munari, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Dynamic deformability evaluated by series of shaking table tests of full-scale models of masonry houses
T. Hanazato, H. Seno, Y. Niitsu, H. Imai, T. Narafu, T. Mikoshiba & C. Minowa

Damage detection of an unreinforced stone masonry two storeys building based on damping estimate
L.A.S. Kouris, A. Penna & G. Magenes

Assessment of seismic behaviour of masonry minarets by discrete element method
O. Saygılı & E. Caktı

Study of compressive strength of historical masonry structures for reliability assessment
S. Seyedain Boroujeni & N.G. Shrive

Proposed multivariate predictive approach of masonry wall seismic performance
A.S. Siam, W.M. Hussein & W.W. El-Dakhakhni

Damage and vulnerability assessment of URM buildings after the 2012 Northern Italy earthquakes
S. Taffarel, M. Giaretton, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Seismic vulnerability assessment of clustered historical centers: Fragility curves based on local collapse mechanisms analyses
S. Taffarel, M. Caliman, M.R. Valluzzi, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Seismic vulnerability assessment on a territorial scale based on a Bayesian approach
S. Taffarel, G.P. Campostrini, L. Rosato, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Seismic retrofit system for single leaf masonry buildings in Groningen
O.S. Turkmen, A.T. Vermeltfoort & D.R.W. Martens

Probabilistic seismic response analysis of existing masonry structures
M. Vailati, G. Monti, M.J. Khazna, R. Realfonzo & M. De Iuliis

Seismic vulnerability assessment of corner buildings in the historical centre of Timisoara
C. Valotto, S. Taffarel, C. Marson, M. Munari, F. da Porto & C. Modena

Structural assessment of existing buildings subjected to induced earthquakes in the Netherlands
A. van den Bos & A. Garofano

The infilled RC structures performance in the 25th April, 2015 Gorkha Nepal earthquake: Observations and dynamic characterization tests
H. Varum, N. Vila-Pouca, A. Furtado, J. Oliveira, A. Arede & H. Rodrigues

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Claudio Modena is full professor of Structural Engineering at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering of the University of Padova, and holder of the courses of "Construction Technology" and "Theory and Design of Bridges" at the School of Engineering. He is co-coordinator of the Advanced Master Course in Structural Analysis of Monuments and Historical Constructions (Master Erasmus Mundus SAHC) and Director of the Material Testing Laboratory at the Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering in Padova. Professor Modena is also member of many international scientific and technical committees, such as ICOMOS-ISCARSAH, UNESCO, RILEM, CIB, CEN, ECTP-FACH, UNI. He is author of over 500 publications, and the main fields of interest are theoretical/experimental techniques and procedures (test methods, monitoring) for the structural evaluation of historic constructions, development and mechanical characterisation of materials and techniques (both traditional and innovative) for repairing/strengthening existing constructions, procedures for the assessment and mitigation of the seismic vulnerability of existing masonry structures.

Francesca da Porto is associate professor at the Department of Civil, Environmental, Architectural Engineering of the University of Padova. She is holder of the courses "Aseismic design of building structures" and "Structural analysis and Design 2 and laboratory" at the School of Engineering, and is also vice dean for Buildings and Safety. She coordinates and has coordinated several European research projects, as well as R&D activities funded by the industry. She is Vice President of the Commission for Structural Engineering – Masonry Structures of the Italian Normative Body and Italian representative at CEN. She is also founder partner of EXPIN srl – Advanced Structural Control, a spin-off company of the University of Padova. The main fields of interest are seismic engineering applied to historic and new masonry constructions, mechanical characterization of materials and techniques, numerical modelling and seismic evaluation of buildings structural behaviour.

Maria Rosa Valluzzi is associate professor at the Department of Cultural Heritage of the University of Padova and holder of the courses "Preservative Design for Monuments and Historic Buildings" and "Restoration and laboratory". She is member of many scientific and normative bodies, such as UNI, CEN and RILEM and founder partner of EXPIN srl – Advanced Structural Control, a spin-off company of the University of Padova. She has more than 230 publications and was awarded the RILEM medal "Robert l’Heremite". Her main areas of interest are the analysis of conservation problems of historical buildings and construction materials, by means of experimental research, numerical modelling and application of both traditional and innovative techniques; the assessment and mitigation of the seismic vulnerability of existing masonry structures.