British Exploitation of German Science and Technology, 1943-1949: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

British Exploitation of German Science and Technology, 1943-1949

1st Edition

By Charlie Hall

Routledge

276 pages

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Description

At the end of the Second World War, Germany lay at the mercy of its occupiers, all of whom launched programmes of scientific and technological exploitation. Each occupying nation sought to bolster their own armouries and industries with the spoils of war, and Britain was no exception. Shrouded in secrecy yet directed at the top levels of government and driven by ingenuity from across the civil service and armed forces, Britain made exploitation a key priority. By examining factories and laboratories, confiscating prototypes and blueprints, and interrogating and even recruiting German experts, Britain sought to utilise the innovations of the last war to prepare for the next.

This ground-breaking book tells the full story of British exploitation for the first time, sheds new light on the legacies of the Second World War, and contributes to histories of intelligence, science, warfare and power in the midst of the twentieth century.

Reviews

This book is not only a page turner for anyone interested in science, national security, and the postwar order, it also fills a void in our understanding of Britain’s role in exploiting Germany’s technological breakthroughs as it set out on a new role in world affairs.

- Jonathan Moreno, David and Lyn Silfen University Professor, University of Pennsylvania

In this thoroughly researched and engaging read, Hall argues that the British exploitation programme became primarily shaped by concerns about beating the Soviet Union to Germany’s treasure trove of science and technology. In doing so, this book makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the close of the Second World War and the origins of the Cold War.

- Brian Balmer, Professor of Science & Technology Studies, University College London

A scholarly history of the British exploitation of German science and technology after World War II is long overdue. Charlie Hall’s book is very well written, thoroughly researched, comprehensive, and balanced in its judgments. I recommend it to anyone interested in how the Allies seized and utilized German technology and personnel as the war ended and the Cold War began.

- Michael Neufeld, Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements

Abbreviations

Introduction

Chapter One: The Scientific War

  1. Science and Strategy
  2. Spying on Science
  3. Forerunners to Exploitation

Chapter Two: The Origins of Exploitation

  1. The Exploitation Idea
  2. Wartime Deployment
  3. Into the Reich

Chapter Three: Exploitation in Earnest

  1. Committees and Agencies
  2. Investigators and Exploiters
  3. Competition and Co-operation

Chapter Four: The Spoils of War

  1. Material Spoils
  2. Chemical and Biological Warfare
  3. Rocketry and Aeronautics

Chapter Five: Exploiting Expertise

  1. Dustbin and Epsilon
  2. Detention and Interrogation in Germany
  3. Detention and Interrogation in Britain

Chapter Six: The Brain Drain

  1. Defence Recruitment
  2. Civil Recruitment
  3. The Émigrés

Chapter Seven: Allies and Rivals

  1. The United States
  2. Europe
  3. The Global Diaspora

Chapter Eight: A New Adversary

  1. Working with the Soviets
  2. ‘A Completely Open Race’
  3. Denial Policy

Chapter Nine: Exploitation and the Occupation

  1. The British Zone
  2. Control of Science
  3. Denazification and Demilitarisation

Chapter Ten: Exploitation in Context

  1. Reparations
  2. Legality and Morality
  3. The Public Domain

Conclusion

  1. Epilogue I: The End of Exploitation
  2. Epilogue II: Impacts and Legacies
  3. Concluding Remarks

Bibliography

Index

About the Author

Charlie Hall is Associate Lecturer in History at the University of Kent.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in Second World War History

The Second World War remains today the most seismic political event of the past hundred years, an unimaginable unpheaval that impacted upon every country on earth and is fully ingrained in the consciousness of the world's citizens. Traditional narratives of the conflict are entrenched to such a degree that new research takes on an ever important role in helping us make sense of World War II. Aiming to bring to light the results of new archival research and exploring notions of memory, propaganda, genocide, empire and culture, Routledge Studies in Second World War History sheds new light on the causes, events and legacy of global war.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HIS000000
HISTORY / General
HIS014000
HISTORY / Europe / Germany
HIS015000
HISTORY / Europe / Great Britain
HIS027100
HISTORY / Military / World War II
HIS037070
HISTORY / Modern / 20th Century