1st Edition

British Politics and the Environment in the Long Nineteenth Century Volume I - Discovering Nature and Romanticizing Nature

Edited By Peter Hough Copyright 2024

    This volume of archival source material chronicles British environmental politics between 1789 and 1914. This text examines scientific discoveries during this period and the result of these findings on the political environment, bringing the public's attention to public health issues such as acid rain and river pollution. Accompanied by extensive editorial commentary, this collection will be of great interest to students of environmental and political history.

    Volume 1


    Note on Copy-Texts

    General Introduction


    Part 1. Discovering Nature: Science and the Environment in Nineteenth-Century Britain

    Chronology of Science and the Environment in the Nineteenth Century

    Volume I Part 1 Introduction

    1.1 Biodiversity Decline

    1. Gilbert White The Natural History and Antiquities of Selborne

    2. William Roxburgh Letter to Joseph Banks

    3. Alexander Beatson Tracts Relative To The Island Of St. Helena: Written During A Residence Of Five Years

    4. William John Burchell Residence in Cape Town, and Rambles in the Vicinity

    5. Charles Lyell, Principles of Geology

    6. Charles Darwin Origin of the Species

    7. James Cowles Prichard The natural history of man : comprising inquiries into the modifying influence of physical and moral agencies on the different tribes of the human family

    8. Alfred Newton Abstract of Mr. J. Wolley’s researches in Iceland respecting the gare-fowl or great auk

    9. Arthur Tansley Presidential Address (British Ecological Society)

    1.2 Resource Depletion

    10. Thomas Malthus An Essay on the Principle of Population

    11. William Forster Lloyd On the Checks to Population

    12. William Farr Economic Value of Population

    13. William Jevons The Coal Question; An Inquiry concerning the Progress of the Nation, and the Probable Exhaustion of our Coal-mines

    14. John Cleghorn On the fluctuations in the herring fisheries

    15. Thomas Huxley Inaugural Address. Fisheries Exhibition, London

    16. John Croumbie Browne On Forest Schools

    17. William Somerville Forestry in Some of its Economic Aspects

    1.3 Pollution

    18. Henry W. Fuller On the Use of the Arsenic in Agriculture-Poisoning by Arsenic, and Symptoms of Cholera-The Possible Effect of the Game Laws

    19. John Snow On the Mode of Communication of Cholera

    20. Robert Angus Smith Air and rain : the beginnings of a chemical climatology

    21. Michael Faraday Observations on the Filth of the Thames

    22. Cardiff Rural Sanitary Authority 'Pollution on Glamorganshire’s Rivers'

    23. John Tyndall On Radiation Through the Earth’s Atmosphere

    24. Ernest Hart Smoke abatement: a lecture delivered in the lecture room of the International Health Exhibition

    25. John Graham The Destruction of Daylight. A Study in the Smoke Problem


    Part 2: Romanticizing Nature: Environmental Conservation as a Nationalistic Artistic and Political Movement in Nineteenth-Century Britain


    Volume I Part 2 Introduction

    2.1 Aesthetes and Conservation

    26. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, 'The Raven'

    27. William Wordsworth, The Excursion

    28. Alfred Tennyson 'In Memoriam A.H.H.'

    29. John Ruskin, A Protest Against the Extension of Railways in the Lake District

    30. George Eliot, Silas Marner

    31. William Morris, Under an Elm Tree; or, Thoughts in the Country-Side

    32. John Clare 'Remembrances'

    33. Octavia Hill, Our Common Land

    34. Anna Sewell, Black Beauty

    35. Louise De la Ramée (aka Ouida), The Waters of Edera

    36. Edward Carpenter, My Days and Dreams

    37. John Muir My First Summer in the Sierra

    2.2 Conserving Nature and the Aristocracy

    38. Jane Austen, Emma

    39. William Cobbett, Rural Rides

    40. Benjamin Disraeli, Sybil

    41. Thomas Carlyle, Sign of the Times

    42. Thomas Hardy 'The Dorsetshire Labourer'

    43. Thomas Stafford Raffles, London Zoological Society

    44. Richard Lydekker, The Game Animals of Africa (dedicated to Herbrand Russell)

    45. Charles Rothschild, Nature Reserves: Formation of a New Society

    2.3 Conservation and Fear of the Future

    46. William Deslisle Hay, The Doom of the Great City: Being the Narrative of a Survivor

    47. Alfred Russel Wallace, The Plunder of the Earth

    48. Reginald Brabazon (Lord Meath), The National Standard of Physical Health

    49. Charles Masterton & Phillip Wilson, The Heart of the Empire

    50. H. G. Wells A Modern Utopia




    Peter Hough is an Associate Professor in International Politics at Middlesex University, London. He is the author of Back to the future: environmental security in nineteenth century global politics (2019).