Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers

1st Edition

By Andrei Grebennikov, Narendra Kumar, Binboga S. Yarman

CRC Press

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Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers provides extensive coverage of broadband radio frequency (RF) and microwave power amplifier design, including well-known historical and recent novel schematic configurations, theoretical approaches, circuit simulation results, and practical implementation strategies. The text begins by introducing two-port networks to illustrate the behavior of linear and nonlinear circuits, explaining the basic principles of power amplifier design, and discussing impedance matching and broadband power amplifier design using lumped and distributed parameters. The book then:

  • Shows how dissipative or lossy gain-compensation-matching circuits can offer an important trade-off between power gain, reflection coefficient, and operating frequency bandwidth
  • Describes the design of broadband RF and microwave amplifiers using real frequency techniques (RFTs), supplying numerous examples based on the MATLAB® programming process
  • Examines Class-E power amplifiers, Doherty amplifiers, low-noise amplifiers, microwave gallium arsenide field-effect transistor (GaAs FET)-distributed amplifiers, and complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) amplifiers for ultra-wideband (UWB) applications

Broadband RF and Microwave Amplifiers combines theoretical analysis with practical design to create a solid foundation for innovative ideas and circuit design techniques.


"… very comprehensive. Each chapter has a strong theoretical foundation. Working on those foundations, the authors provide detailed descriptions and practical examples of a range of power amplifier types. The chapter references are also extensive. … This book is a strong contender to become a standard text for advanced students as well as practicing engineers. … certainly recommended as an addition to serious RF and microwave power amplifier designers and practitioners."

—Raymond Pengelly, Founder/Owner of Prism Consulting NC, LLC, Hillsborough, North Carolina, USA

Table of Contents

Two-Port Network Parameters

Traditional Network Parameters

Scattering Parameters

Conversions between Two-Port Parameters

Interconnections of Two-Port Networks

Practical Two-Port Networks

Three-Port Network with Common Terminal

Lumped Elements

Transmission Line

Noise Figure


Power Amplifier Design Principles

Basic Classes of Operation: A, AB, B, and C

Load Line and Output Impedance

Nonlinear Active Device Models

Power Gain and Stability

Push–Pull and Balanced Power Amplifiers

Transmission-Line Transformers and Combiners


Lossless Matched Broadband Power Amplifiers

Impedance Matching

Bode–Fano Criterion

Broadband-Matching Networks with Lumped Elements

Broadband-Matching Networks with Mixed Lumped and Distributed Elements

Matching Networks with Transmission Lines

Matching Technique with Prescribed Amplitude–Frequency Response

Practical Examples of Broadband RF and Microwave Power Amplifiers

Broadband Millimeter-Wave Power Amplifiers


Lossy Matched and Feedback Broadband Power Amplifiers

Amplifiers with Lossy Compensation Networks

Feedback Amplifiers

Graphical Design of Gain-Compensating and Feedback Lossy Networks

Decomposition Synthesis Method


Design of Wideband RF and Microwave Amplifiers Employing Real Frequency Techniques

Real Frequency Line Segment Technique

Generation of Minimum Immittance Function from Its Real Part

Optimization of TPG Using a Parametric Approach

High-Precision Ladder Synthesis of Positive Real Functions

Automated Real Frequency Design of Lossless Two-Ports for Single Matching Problems

Computation of Actual Elements

Automated Design of Matching Networks with Lumped Elements

Design of Interstage Equalizers: Double Matching Problem

Matching Networks Constructed with Commensurate Transmission Lines

Generation of Realizable Positive Real Function in Richards’s Domain

Integration of Richards’s High-Precision Synthesis Module with Real Frequency Matching Algorithm

SRFTs to Design RF and Microwave Amplifiers

SRFT to Design Microwave Amplifiers

SRFT Single-Stage Microwave Amplifier Design Algorithm

Design of an Ultra-Wideband Microwave Amplifier Using Commensurate Transmission Lines

Physical Realization of Characteristic Impedance

Practical Design of Matching Networks with Mixed Lumped and Distributed Elements

Physical Realization of a Single Inductor



High-Efficiency Broadband Class-E Power Amplifiers

Reactance Compensation Technique

High-Efficiency Switching Class-E Modes

Broadband Class E with Shunt Capacitance

Broadband Parallel-Circuit Class E

High-Power RF Class-E Power Amplifiers

Microwave Monolithic Class-E Power Amplifiers

CMOS Class-E Power Amplifiers


Broadband and Multiband Doherty Amplifiers

Historical Aspect and Conventional Doherty Architectures

Inverted Doherty Amplifiers


Digitally-Driven Doherty Amplifier

Multiband and Broadband Capability


Low-Noise Broadband Amplifiers

Basic Principles of Low-Noise Amplifier Design

Lossless Matched Broadband Low-Noise Amplifiers

Lossy Feedback Broadband Low-Noise Amplifiers

Cascode Broadband Low-Noise Amplifiers

Graphical Design Technique

Broadband Millimeter-Wave Low-Noise Amplifiers


Distributed Amplifiers

Basic Principles of Distributed Amplification

Microwave GaAs FET Distributed Amplifiers

Cascode Distributed Amplifiers

Extended Resonance Technique

Cascaded Distributed Amplifiers

Matrix Distributed Amplifiers

CMOS Distributed Amplifiers

Noise in Distributed Amplifiers


CMOS Amplifiers for UWB Applications

UWB Transceiver Architectures

Distributed CMOS Amplifiers

Common-Gate CMOS Amplifiers

CMOS Amplifiers with Lossy Compensation Circuits

Feedback CMOS Amplifiers

Noise-Canceling Technique


About the Authors

Andrei Grebennikov earned his engineering diploma in radio electronics from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Russia, and his Ph.D in radio engineering from the Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, Russia. He worked as an engineer, researcher, lecturer, and educator at Moscow Technical University of Communications and Informatics, Russia; Institute of Microelectronics, Singapore; M/A-COM, Ireland; Infineon Technologies, Germany/Austria; Bell Labs, Alcatel-Lucent, Ireland; and Microsemi Corporation, USA. He served as a guest professor at the University of Linz, Austria, and as an invited speaker at the IEEE International Microwave Symposia, European and Asia-Pacific Microwave Conferences; Institute of Microelectronics, Singapore; Motorola Design Centre, Malaysia; Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, Russia; and RWTH Aachen University, Germany. A senior member of the IEEE, he has authored and coauthored eight books and more than 100 papers, and has 25 European and U.S. patents and patent applications.

Narendra Kumar earned his Ph.D in electrical engineering from RWTH Aachen University, Germany. He worked in R&D at Motorola Solutions, USA, as a principal staff engineer. He has several U.S. patents, all assigned to Motorola Solutions, in the area of radio frequency (RF) and microwave amplifier circuitry. Currently, he is an associate professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering at the University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. He is also an appointed visiting professor at Istanbul University, Turkey. He has authored and coauthored more than 50 papers in technical journals and conferences, and two international books. He has conducted seminars related to RF and microwave power amplifiers in Europe and Asia Pacific. He is a fellow of the IET, a senior member of the IEEE, and an appointed member of the IEEE Industry Relations Team of Asia Pacific.

Binboga S. Yarman earned his Ph.D from Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA. He was a Microwave Technology Center technical staff member at the David Sarnoff Research Center, Princeton, New Jersey, USA; professor at Anatolia University-Eskisehir, Middle East Technical University-Ankara, Technical University of Istanbul, and Istanbul University, all in Turkey; cofounder of I-ERDEC Maryland, STFA SAVRONIK, and ARES Security Systems, Inc.; chief technical adviser to the Turkish Prime Ministry Office; director of Electronic and Technical Security of Turkey; founding president of Isik University, Istanbul, Turkey; and visiting professor at Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany, and Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. Dr. Yarman has published more than 200 papers and four U.S. patents; has received the Young Turkish Scientist Award, National Research and Technology Counsel of Turkey Technology Award, and Man of the Year in Science and Technology of Cambridge Biography Center, UK; and is an IEEE fellow, an Alexander Von Humboldt research fellow, and a member of the New York Academy of Science.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
COMPUTERS / Networking / General
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Mobile & Wireless Communications