This book is basically an attempt to study the religious, cultural, and political significance of Buddhism in late Ch'ing intellectual thought through an examination of the writings of a few influential figures like Liang Ch'i-ch'ao, K'ang Yu-wei, Chang Ping-lin, and particularly T'an Ssu-t'ung.
0. Introduction Part I: Buddhism and the Late Ch'ing Intellectuals 1. Buddhism in Nineteenth-Century China 2. Intellectuals and the Study of Buddhism Part II: The Buddhist Thought of T'an Ssu-t'ung 3. T'an Ssu-t'ung's Acceptance of Buddhism 4. The Buddhist Foundation of the Major Concepts in An Exposition of Benevolence 5. Buddhism and the Political Thought of T'an Ssu-t'ung Part III: Buddhism in China's Transitional Period 6. Chinese Intellectuals and Buddhism 7. Conclusion