First published in 1992, this Routledge Revival sees the reissue of a truly original exploration of the nature of urbanization and capitalism.
Linda Clarke’s vital work argues that:
- Urbanization is a product of the social human labour engaged in building as well as a concentration of the labour force.
- The quality of the labour process determines the development of production.
- Changes to the built environment reflect changes in the production process and, in particular, the development of wage labour.
To support these arguments, the author identifies a qualitatively new historical stage of capitalist building production involving a significant expansion of wage labour, and hence capital, and the transition from artisan to industrial production.
Linda Clarke draws from a wide range of original material relating to the development of London from the mid-eighteenth to the early nineteenth century to provide a complete description of the development process: materials extraction, roadbuilding, housebuilding, paving, cleansing, etc; profiles of builders and contractors involved, and a picture of the new working class communities, as in Somers Town – their living conditions, population, working environment, and politics.
Table of Contents
Part 1: Theoretical Questions and Considerations 1. Urbanization as a Production Process 2. Transition and Historical Change in the Urbanization Process 3. Stages a Structure or Transition 4. The End of Artisan Production Part 2: Urbanization through Artisan Production: From Brill Farm to Somers Town 5. Eighteenth-Century Building Conditions in and Around London 6. The Early Development of Brill Farm and its surroundings 7. A Breakdown in the Process of Building St. Pancras Part 3: Urbanization Through Contracting 8. The Builder as Contractor 9. A New Stage of Building Production 10. The Capital Expands