1st Edition

Business History Selected Readings

Edited By K. A Tucker Copyright 2006
    464 Pages
    by Routledge

    464 Pages
    by Routledge

    This selection of readings demonstrates the use of both descriptive analysis and quantitative methods in the study of business records. The emphasis, however, is on the role of various quantitative approaches.

    Part I contains articles that consider a number of questions about the methods to be used and the aims of business history research. How is the subject to be defined? What types of analysis are most useful in research? In what ways can the findings of any research he used?

    Part II provides a number of examples of business history writing that demonstrate the results of a quantitative approach using both Primary and secondary source material. Some of the papers concentrate on the growth and performance of firms from various sectors of the economy. Some consider features of industrial structure. Others concentrate on techniques of marketing, personnel management and the assessment of profitability.

    Part III focuses on the techniques of manage meat that have been used to motivate or control the development of business activity. The studies include an analysis of the role of accounting data and other types of information, aids to forecasting, market analysis and the problems of risk and uncertainty in business decision making within various contexts.

    The editor has not only provided an introduction to the reprinted articles but he has also included, in Part IV, several special appendices useful for future research in business history. There is a section on allowing for changes in the unit of account. Another appendix deals with the merits and limitations of financial ratio analysis. An extensive bibliography is also provided. This authoritative text was first published in 1977.

    Introduction ix


    {ensp}1. Arthur H. Cole

    What is Business History?

    Business History Review, vol. 36 (1962) pp. 98–106, with addendum 3

    {ensp}2. F. E. Hyde

    Economic theory and Business History

    Business History, vol. V (1962) pp.1–10, with addendum 15

    {ensp}3. Louis Galambos

    Business History and the Theory of the Growth of the Firm

    Explorations in Entrepreneurial History, vol. IV (1966), pp. 3–16 29

    {ensp}4. K. A Tucker

    Business History: Some Proposals for Aims and Mehodology

    Business History, vol. XIV (1972), pp. 1–16 43


    {ensp}5. P. L. Payne

    The Govan Collieries 1804–1805

    Business History, vol. 111 (1960), pp. 75–96. 65

    {ensp}6. M. Blaug

    The Productivity of Capital in the Lancashire Cotton Industry During the Nineteenth Century

    Economic History Review, vol. XIII (1960–61), pp. 358–81 91

    {ensp}7. S. Pollard

    Factory Discipline in the Industrial Revolution

    Economic History Review, vol. XVI (1963–64), pp. 254–71 126

    {ensp}8. H. W. Richardson and J. M. Bass

    The Profitability of Consett Iron Company before 1914

    Business History, vol. VII (1965, pp. 71–93 148

    {ensp}9. A. E. Musson

    James Nasmyth and the Early Growth of Mechanical Engineering

    Economic History Review, vol. X (1957–58), pp. 121–27 174

    10. H. C. Livesay and P. G. Porter

    Vertical Integration in American Manufacturing, 1899–1948

    The Journal of Economic History, vol. XXIX (1969), pp. 494–500 184

    11. D.F.Dixon

    The Growth of Competition among the Standard Oil Companies in the United States, 1911–1961

    Business History, vol. IX (1967), pp. 1–29 192

    12. F. J. Glover

    Government Contracting, Competition and Growth in the Heavy Woollen Industry

    Economic History Review, vol. XVI (1963–64), pp. 478–98 225

    13. M. Klein and K. Yamamura

    The Growth Strategies of Southern Railroads, 1865–1893

    Business History Review, vol. XLI (1967), pp. 358–77 250

    14. P. G. Porter and H. C. Livesay

    The Merchant as Catalyst: Financing Economic Growth

    Merchants and Manufacturers: Studies in the Changing Structure of Nineteenth-Century Marketing, The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore and London (1971) 271

    15. H. Siegenthaler

    What Price Style? The Fabric Advisory Function of the Dry Goods Commission Merchant, 1850–1880

    Business History Review, vol. XLI (1967), pp. 36–61 290


    16. B. S. Yamey

    Accounting and The Rise of Capitalism: Further Notes on a Theme by Sombart

    Journal of Accounting Research, vol. 2 (1964), pp. 117–36 with addendum 319

    17. H. T. Johnson

    Early Cost Accounting for Internal Management Control: Lyman Mills in the 1850s Business History Review, vol. XLVI (1972), pp. 466–74 347

    18. H. Heaton

    An Early Victorian Business Forecaster in The Woollen Industry

    Economic History, vol. 2 (1933), pp. 553–74 356

    19. B. W. Clapp

    A Manchester Merchant and His Schedules of Supply and Demand

    Economica, New Series, vol. 29 (1962), pp. 185–87 377

    20. A. Cohen

    The Social Organisation of Credit in a West African Cattle Market

    Africa, vol. XXXV (1965), pp. 8–19 381

    Part Four:{ensp}SPECIAL APPENDICES

    Appendix 1 Interpreting Accounting Data and Business Records 399

    Appendix 2 Allowing for Changes in the Unit of Account 407

    Appendix 3 Select Bibliography for Further Reading 410

    Author Index 431

    General Index 433


    K. A Tucker