Business History : Selected Readings book cover
1st Edition

Business History
Selected Readings

Edited By

K. A Tucker

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ISBN 9780415607742
Published November 2, 2010 by Routledge
464 Pages

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Book Description

This selection of readings demonstrates the use of both descriptive analysis and quantitative methods in the study of business records. The emphasis, however, is on the role of various quantitative approaches.

Part I contains articles that consider a number of questions about the methods to be used and the aims of business history research. How is the subject to be defined? What types of analysis are most useful in research? In what ways can the findings of any research he used?

Part II provides a number of examples of business history writing that demonstrate the results of a quantitative approach using both Primary and secondary source material. Some of the papers concentrate on the growth and performance of firms from various sectors of the economy. Some consider features of industrial structure. Others concentrate on techniques of marketing, personnel management and the assessment of profitability.

Part III focuses on the techniques of manage meat that have been used to motivate or control the development of business activity. The studies include an analysis of the role of accounting data and other types of information, aids to forecasting, market analysis and the problems of risk and uncertainty in business decision making within various contexts.

The editor has not only provided an introduction to the reprinted articles but he has also included, in Part IV, several special appendices useful for future research in business history. There is a section on allowing for changes in the unit of account. Another appendix deals with the merits and limitations of financial ratio analysis. An extensive bibliography is also provided. This authoritative text was first published in 1977.

Table of Contents

Introduction ix


{ensp}1. Arthur H. Cole

What is Business History?

Business History Review, vol. 36 (1962) pp. 98–106, with addendum 3

{ensp}2. F. E. Hyde

Economic theory and Business History

Business History, vol. V (1962) pp.1–10, with addendum 15

{ensp}3. Louis Galambos

Business History and the Theory of the Growth of the Firm

Explorations in Entrepreneurial History, vol. IV (1966), pp. 3–16 29

{ensp}4. K. A Tucker

Business History: Some Proposals for Aims and Mehodology

Business History, vol. XIV (1972), pp. 1–16 43


{ensp}5. P. L. Payne

The Govan Collieries 1804–1805

Business History, vol. 111 (1960), pp. 75–96. 65

{ensp}6. M. Blaug

The Productivity of Capital in the Lancashire Cotton Industry During the Nineteenth Century

Economic History Review, vol. XIII (1960–61), pp. 358–81 91

{ensp}7. S. Pollard

Factory Discipline in the Industrial Revolution

Economic History Review, vol. XVI (1963–64), pp. 254–71 126

{ensp}8. H. W. Richardson and J. M. Bass

The Profitability of Consett Iron Company before 1914

Business History, vol. VII (1965, pp. 71–93 148

{ensp}9. A. E. Musson

James Nasmyth and the Early Growth of Mechanical Engineering

Economic History Review, vol. X (1957–58), pp. 121–27 174

10. H. C. Livesay and P. G. Porter

Vertical Integration in American Manufacturing, 1899–1948

The Journal of Economic History, vol. XXIX (1969), pp. 494–500 184

11. D.F.Dixon

The Growth of Competition among the Standard Oil Companies in the United States, 1911–1961

Business History, vol. IX (1967), pp. 1–29 192

12. F. J. Glover

Government Contracting, Competition and Growth in the Heavy Woollen Industry

Economic History Review, vol. XVI (1963–64), pp. 478–98 225

13. M. Klein and K. Yamamura

The Growth Strategies of Southern Railroads, 1865–1893

Business History Review, vol. XLI (1967), pp. 358–77 250

14. P. G. Porter and H. C. Livesay

The Merchant as Catalyst: Financing Economic Growth

Merchants and Manufacturers: Studies in the Changing Structure of Nineteenth-Century Marketing, The Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore and London (1971) 271

15. H. Siegenthaler

What Price Style? The Fabric Advisory Function of the Dry Goods Commission Merchant, 1850–1880

Business History Review, vol. XLI (1967), pp. 36–61 290


16. B. S. Yamey

Accounting and The Rise of Capitalism: Further Notes on a Theme by Sombart

Journal of Accounting Research, vol. 2 (1964), pp. 117–36 with addendum 319

17. H. T. Johnson

Early Cost Accounting for Internal Management Control: Lyman Mills in the 1850s Business History Review, vol. XLVI (1972), pp. 466–74 347

18. H. Heaton

An Early Victorian Business Forecaster in The Woollen Industry

Economic History, vol. 2 (1933), pp. 553–74 356

19. B. W. Clapp

A Manchester Merchant and His Schedules of Supply and Demand

Economica, New Series, vol. 29 (1962), pp. 185–87 377

20. A. Cohen

The Social Organisation of Credit in a West African Cattle Market

Africa, vol. XXXV (1965), pp. 8–19 381


Appendix 1 Interpreting Accounting Data and Business Records 399

Appendix 2 Allowing for Changes in the Unit of Account 407

Appendix 3 Select Bibliography for Further Reading 410

Author Index 431

General Index 433

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