This volume assesses the achievements and limitations of a new set of non-state or multistakeholder institutions that are concerned with improving the social and environmental record of business, and holding corporations to account. It does so from a perspective that aims to address two limitations that often characterize this field of inquiry. First, fragmentation: articles or books typically focus on one or a handful of cases. Second, the development dimension: what does such regulation imply for developing countries and subaltern groups in terms of well-being, empowerment and sustainability? This volume examines more than 20 initiatives or institutions associated with different regulatory and development approaches, including the business-friendly corporate social responsibility (CSR) agenda, ‘corporate accountability’ and ‘fair trade’ or social economy.
Introduction: Multistakeholder Regulation in a Development Perspective Peter Utting 1. Development and the Problematic of Non-State Regulation Darryl Reed 2. Activism, Business Regulation and Development Peter Utting 3. Assessing the ETI Codes of Labour Practice Stephane Barrientos and Sally Smith 4. Social Accountability 8000 and Socioeconomic Development Andreas Rasche and Dirk Ulrich Gilbert 5. The International Organizaiton for Standardization Stepan Wood 6. The United Nations Global Compact and Development Catia Gregoratti 7. The Global Reporting Initiative: Promise and Limitations David L. Levy and Halina Szejnwald Brown 8. Balanço Social and Sustainability Reporting in Brazil Eduardo R. Gomes and Ana Maria Kirschner 9. The Forest Stewardship Council Graeme Auld and Benjamin Cashore 10. The Marine Stewardship Council Graeme Auld 11. The Global G.A.P. Agni Kalfagianni and Doris Fuchs 12. Global Retail Accululation Strategies and Wal-Mart's CSR Regime Ngai-Ling Sum 13. Applying the Atlanta Agreement on Child Labour in South Asia Peter Lund-Thomsen and Khalid Nadvi 14. The Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative Carola Kantz 15. Blood Diamonds, Non-State Actors and Development: The Kimberley Process and Beyond Ian Smillie 16. Peoples' Tribunals in Latin America Marcelo Saguier 17. The Worker Rights Consortium Don Wells 18. International Framework Agreements and Development Nikolaus Hammer 19. IFOAM and the Instiutionalization of Organic Agriculture René Audet and Corinne Gendron 20. 'Fair Trade Gold': Prospects for Africa's Artisanal Miners Gavin Hilson and Paul Kamlongera 21. The World Fair Trade Organization: From Trust to Compliance Eileen Davenport and William Low 22. Fairtrade International (FLO) Darryl Reed 23. Comercio Justo México: Potential Lessons for Fairtrade? Alistair M. Smith and Francisco VanDerHoff Boersma 24. From Non-State Regulation to Governance? Shifting the Site of Contestation Darryl Reed and Ananya Mukherjee-Reed