When used together effectively, computer-aided design (CAD) and geospatial information systems (GIS) have a solid track record for streamlining decision making and reducing inefficiencies in the design, planning, and execution of critical operations and projects. And a growing number of engineering tasks in numerous fields-including design, archite
Current Trends and Future Direction in CAD. Current Trends and Future Direction in GIS. CAD/GIS Integration: Rationale and Challenges. Interoperable Methodologies and Techniques in CAD. Interoperable Methodologies and Techniques in CAD-GIS. Integration Standardization Efforts: The Open Geospatial Consortium Perspective. CAD/GIS Integration Issues for Seamless Navigation between Indoor/Outdoor Environments. Semantics in CAD/GIS Integration. Ontologies for Linking CAD/GIS. CAD and GIS Interoperability through Semantic Web Services.