1st Edition

COVID-19 in International Media Global Pandemic Perspectives

Edited By John Pollock, Douglas A. Vakoch Copyright 2022
    300 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    300 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    Covid-19 in International Media: Global Pandemic Responses is one of the first books uniting an international team of scholars to investigate how media address critical social, political, and health issues connected to the 2020-21 COVID-19 outbreak.

    The book evaluates unique civic challenges, responsibilities, and opportunities for media worldwide, exploring pandemic social norms that media promote or discourage, and how media serve as instruments of social control and resistance, or of cooperation and representation. These chapters raise significant questions about the roles mainstream or citizen journalists or netizens play or ought to play, enlightening audiences successfully about scientific information on COVID-19 in a pandemic that magnifies social inequality and unequal access to health care, challenging popular beliefs about health and disease prevention and the role of government while the entire world pays close attention.

    This book will be of interest to students and faculty of communication studies and journalism, departments of public health, sociology, and social marketing.


    Perceptions of Pandemics: Communicating about COVID-19 in International Ecosystems

    Kirk St.Amant


    COVID-19 in Global Media: Questions and Challenges for Health Communication

    John C. Pollock


    Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the Media: Issues and Opportunities

    Lisa M. DeTora, Michael J. Klein, and John C. Pollock

    I. Cultural Differences in Communication and Identity

    Chapter 1.

    Coronavirus Response Asymmetries in the Global North and Global South: New Challenges and Recommendations

    Phillip Santos

    Chapter 2.

    Between Declarations of War and Praying for Help: Analyzing Heads of State´s Speeches from a Cross-cultural Point of View

    Eika Auschner, Julia Heitsch, and Zully Paola Martínez Torres

    Chapter 3.

    Unsettled Belongings and Deglobalization: Transnational Media Complicate Chinese Immigrants’ Struggle for Political Identity in the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Zhipeng Gao

    Chapter 4.

    Framing the Pandemic as a Conflict between China and Taiwan: Analysis of COVID-19 Discourse on Taiwanese Social Media

    Ling-Yi Huang

    Chapter 5.

    Comparing Coronavirus Online Searching and Media Reporting in Nigeria: Alignment or Disconnect? A Big Data Analysis of Media Reportage of Coronavirus in Nigeria

    Mutiu Iyanda Lasisi and Obasanjo Joseph Oyedele

    II. Responses to Regulation: Media as Instruments of Social Control or Conflict/Resistance

    Chapter 6.

    Imagining Pandemic as a Failure: Writing, Memory and Forgetting under COVID-19 in China

    Yawen Li and Marius Meinhof

    Chapter 7.

    Arrest of the Public Interest or Fight for Public Health in Serbia: Contrasting Roles of Professional and Citizen Journalists

    Kristina Ćendić

    Chapter 8.

    "We don’t want to cause public panic": Pandemic Communication of Indonesian Government in Responding to COVID-19

    Dyah Pitaloka and Nelly Martin-Anatias

    Chapter 9.

    Pathological Borders: How the Coronavirus Pandemic Strengthened Depictions of the Cyprus Partition in the Media and Government

    Daniele Nunziata

    III. Responses to Regulation: Media as Instruments of Cooperation and Representation

    Chapter 10.

    Digital Media, Society, and COVID-19 in the UK and India: Challenges and Constructive Contributions

    Indrani Lahiri, Debanjan Banerjee, K. S. Meena, Anish V. Cherian, and Maryam Alsulaimi

    Chapter 11.

    New Zealand’s Success in Tackling COVID-19: How Ardern’s Government Effectively Used Social Media and Consistent Messaging During the Global Pandemic

    Nelly Martin-Anatias

    Chapter 12.

    Coronavirus Pandemic: A Historical Handshake between the Mainstream Media and Social Media in Response to COVID-19 in Vietnam

    Hang Thi Thuy Dinh and Hien Thi Minh Nguyen

    Chapter 13.

    Bloggers against Panic: Russian-speaking Instagram Bloggers in China and Italy Reporting about COVID-2019

    Anna Smoliarova, Tamara Gromova, and Ekaterina Sharkova

    Chapter 14.

    Re-imagined Communities in the Fight against the Invisible Enemy: Soccer and the National Question in Spain

    Alberto del Campo Tejedor

    Chapter 15.

    US Nationwide COVID-19 Newspaper Coverage of State and Local Government Responses: Community Structure Theory and a "Vulnerability" Pattern

    John C. Pollock, Miranda Crowley, Suchir Govindarajan, Abigail Lewis, Alexis Marta, Radhika Purandare, and James N. Sparano

    Chapter 16.

    Exploring the COVID-19 Social Media Infodemic: Health Communication Challenges and Opportunities

    Carolyn A. Lin

    IV. Risk, Space, and Cyberattacks

    Chapter 17.

    Manufacturing Fear: Infodemics and Scare Mongering on Coronavirus and Ebola Epidemics on Social Media Platforms in West Africa

    Paul Obi and Floribert Patrick C. Endong

    Chapter 18.

    Space Matters in Anticipating the Catastrophe: Relational Riskscapes of COVID-19, Dominant Discourses, and the Example of Turkey

    Şemsettin Tabur

    Chapter 19.

    Presenting Disasters in the Media—Ebola and COVID-19: Fear and the "Risk Society" in the Age of Pandemics

    DeMond Shondell Miller and Nicola Davis Bivens

    Chapter 20.

    Abusing the COVID-19 Pan(dem)ic: A Perfect Storm for Online Scams

    Kristjan Kikerpill and Andra Siibak


    John C. Pollock is Professor of Health and Human Rights Communication at the Departments of Communication Studies and Public Health, The College of New Jersey.

    Douglas A. Vakoch is Professor Emeritus at the Department of Clinical Psychology, California Institute of Integral Studies.

    "This extremely timely and much-needed study of the media’s role in covering Covid-19 provides an excellent global and comparative perspective of how different societies’ media are responding to the unprecedented risk brought on by the pandemic. Covering all inhabited continents, it provides fascinating and in-depth accounts of the media’s role in the pandemic. This book should be mandatory reading."

    University Professor Folker Hanusch, Ph.D., Professor of Journalism, Department of Communication, University of Vienna; Editor-in-Chief, Journalism Studies; Vice-Chair, Worlds of Journalism Study

    "Pollock and Vakoch have assembled a formidable collection that demonstrates the richness of communication theories and analysis for understanding multiple aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic. The book features stellar contributions from around the world that examine the communicative, technological, political and cultural complexities of the pandemic, as well as different government responses and performance."

    Dr. Silvio Waisbord, Director and Professor, School of Media and Public Affairs, George Washington University; Past Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Communication, 2015-2018

    "In the midst of a global crisis, COVID-19 in International Media: Global Pandemic Perspectives presents a rich and timely panoply of the way governments, citizens, and the media around the world have framed the Corona pandemic. An exemplary effort of internationally collaborative scholarship, this book is a must-read for scholars in health communication and journalism as well as in political and strategic communication."

    Dr. Thomas Hanitzsch, Chair and Professor of Communication, Department of Media and Communication, LMU Munich; Chair, Worlds of Journalism Study; Editor of Worlds of Journalism: Journalistic Cultures around the Globe and The Handbook of Journalism Studies

    "A pandemic is a global event, handled and experienced in many different ways in different contexts and creating important global information flows, debates and competitions. Scholarship on communication in pandemics rarely reflects this global character. But here is an exception—a highly diverse collection that explores COVID communication in a wide range of national and transnational contexts across the world, deeply informed by first-hand knowledge of those contexts."

    Daniel C. Hallin, Distinguished Professor, Department of Communication, University of California, San Diego

    "The COVID-19 pandemic has precipitated unprecedented challenges to society to reduce the spread of viral infection, death, and suffering around the globe. However, some countries did a better job than others in avoiding the (pandemic misinformation) 'infodemic' by using media strategically to mobilize public acceptance of prevention guidelines. This important book examines which media communication strategies worked effectively to help minimize danger from the pandemic, and which mediated communication practices made the pandemic even worse in different parts of the world. There are important lessons to be learned about effective communication and strategic use of media to address important public health threats that this book powerfully illustrates."

    Gary L. Kreps, Ph.D., FAAHB, University Distinguished Professor, Department of Communication; Director, Center for Health and Risk Communication, George Mason University

    "The COVID-19 pandemic underscores the critical importance of media of all kinds in the precarious efforts to forge a shared understanding of the health threats we all face. With accounts from every continent, this volume carefully and effectively explores the social and political contexts in which media respond to once-in-a-century challenge."

    Tim P. Vos, Professor and Director of the School of Journalism, Michigan State University; Co-author of Gatekeeping Theory, and President, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, 2020-2021

    "COVID-19 in International Media offers an important and timely account of the roles and responsibilities of news and social media in the face of a pandemic of massive proportions. Authors from around the world contribute to a discussion that will for years to come set an agenda for researchers and policymakers alike."

    Theodore L. Glasser

    , Professor Emeritus, Department of Communication, Stanford University; Past President, Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication

    "This book delves into some of the continued injurious consumption practices—ecologically insensitive social behavior, wet markets, and environmental destruction—that will continue when the medical hype of COVID-19 is long past, and when the next pandemic will inevitably again punish societies for their inability to adapt to the natural world. The solutions are known, but is anyone listening? The authors of this book explain what needs to be done."

    Keyan G. Tomaselli

    , Distinguished Professor, University of Johannesburg; Johns Hopkins Health and Education South Africa Lifetime Achiever’s Award; Co-editor, Development and Public Health Communication 

    “By taking a media sociology approach, the volume teases out not only the impact of media on societies but also the influence of societies on the media... (T)he volume makes a compelling case for why understanding how ecosystem factors affected communication practices during the pandemic can be beneficial in addressing similar outbreaks in the future… The book makes the case that comparative research is more needed than ever. By examining examples from all continents, the volume warns about ineffective and even dangerous approaches to risk communication but also highlights best practices and success stories, arming media practitioners and policymakers with solutions for precluding potential future pandemics and infodemics.”

    Raluca Cozma, Professor of Journalism, Kansas State University's A.Q. Miller School of Media and Communication; Associate Director for Undergraduate Programs and Engagement.