Cadaver Dog Handbook: Forensic Training and Tactics for the Recovery of Human Remains, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Cadaver Dog Handbook

Forensic Training and Tactics for the Recovery of Human Remains, 1st Edition

By Andrew Rebmann, Edward David

CRC Press

228 pages

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Hardback: 9780849318863
pub: 2000-08-29
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Description

Intended for those who train and handle cadaver dogs, this book also encompasses information for those who work closely with them, such as police, death investigators, and anthropologists. Its interdisciplinary approach is useful to any member of a forensic team who regularly participates in or evaluates the results of the human remains search effort.

Cadaver Dog Handbook sets out the principles and procedures for the training and handling of dogs for the location of human remains. It explains scent theory and its applications, introduces basic training and searching strategies/tactics, and covers the legal and taphonomic issues associated with dog searches. Intended for those who train and handle cadaver dogs, this book also encompasses information for those who work closely with them, such as police, death investigators, and anthropologists. Its interdisciplinary approach is useful to any member of a forensic team who regularly participates in or evaluates the results of the human remains search effort.

Reviews

"Every investigator should own the Cadaver Dog Handbook… Rebmann, David, and Sorg do a wonderful job of providing a foundation for the understanding of scent evidence and are a welcome addition to the limited research in this field. Handlers and administrators, as well as researchers and legal experts, should review this text and determine its many applications for themselves."

-FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, November 2001

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Table of Contents

Introduction

Definition of Cadaver Dogs

A Brief History of Cadaver Dogs

Purpose of This Book

Overview of Book Topics and Organization

Dog Basics

The Working Dog

Dog Noses and Dog Brains

Scent Theory and Canine Olfaction

Scent and the Environment

Temperature

Wind

Barriers to Scent Conduction

Conduit of Scent Conduction

Limits of Cadaver Dogs and Scent Detection

Training the Cadaver Dog

Selection of a Dog to Train

Handler Skills Needed

When and How to Begin

Training Basics:

How to Talk to Your Dog

Training Without Punishment

Reading the Dog

Training Progression

Phase I-Scent Recognition and commitment to the

target odor

Phase II-Small Area Search With the Source Hidden

From the Dog

Phase III-Small Area Search for a Buried Source

Phase IV-Small Area Search for a Hanging Object

Phase V-Large Area Search for an Above-Surface

Source

Phase VI-Large Area Search for a Buried Source

Phase VII-Negative Area Search

Phase VIII-Blind Area Search

Phase IX-Test

Training Scenarios

Ongoing Training Regime

Frequently Asked Questions

Training Materials

Use and Handling of Training Aids

Natural Scent

Artificial Scent

Simulating the Scene and Creating Hides

Professional Issues

Standardization and Certification

Ethics and Professional Conduct

Levels of Certainty and Conclusions Reached

Record Keeping

Evaluating the Qualifications of an Unknown Dog

Handler Team

Testifying in Court

Legal Issues

Search and Seizure

Rules of Evidence

Law and the Evidence Canine

Handling a Search Request

Evaluating the Feasibility of the Search

Evaluating the Appropriateness of Using a Particular Handler or Canine

Scheduling a Search: Season, Time Weather

Promises and Deliverables

When to Say No

Planning the Search

The Search

Types of Searches

Forensic Contexts

Physical Contexts: Land, Water, etc.

Use of Remote Sensing

Use of Technical Location and Mapping Aids

Who is in Charge

Functioning as Part of a Team

Evidence Discovery

Evidence Documentation

Evidence Recovery

Conclusions: When and How to Communicate Them

Behind the Scenes: Taphonomy

Postmortem Processes

Decomposition and Skeletonization

Disarticulation

Scavenger Modification

Search Strategies for Disarticulated Remains

Working With the Anthropologist

At the Scene

Acclimating the Dog to the Scene

Motivating the Dog

Assessing the Scene: Search Patterns

Refining Search Strategy

Periodic Reinforcement

On-Site Guidelines

Documenting the Search

Land Searches

Search Planning

Conducting the Search

Special Search Situations

Spot Searches

Hasty, Non-Thorough Searches

Roadsides

Landfill

Swamp

Wilderness and Forest Strategies

Disarticulated Remains

Dismembered Remains

Water Searches (Marcia Koenig)

Handler Strategies

Type of Drowning-Dry or Wet

Decomposition Process

Selection of Boats

Working a Search Area

Response Time

General Suggestions

Suggestions for Working Rivers

Suggestions for Working Lakes

Water Conditions

Conclusion

Bibliography

Index

List of Figures and Tables

Glossary

Appendix A: Resources

Training Aids and Equipment

Continuing Education Opportunities

Professional Organizations

Appendix B: Document Examples

Search Report Example A

Search Report Example B

Handler Resume Example A

Handler Resume Example B

Canine Resume Example

Training Record Example A

Training Record Example B

Proficiency Test Example

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LAW041000
LAW / Forensic Science
SOC004000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Criminology