1st Edition

Caliphate Rise:Orientalism V 3

By William Muir Copyright 1999
    284 Pages
    by Routledge

    626 Pages
    by Routledge

    This volume publishes some leading European contributors to the early formation of historical and social science analysis of the orient: those contributors who shaped the modern debate on orientalism, especially on Islam, the Middle-East and orientalism in the late and early twentieth centuries.

    "1. Death of Mahomet.—Election of Abu Bekr.—Omar, Aly, Abu Obeida 2. Expedition of Osama to Syrian border 3. Attack of Bedouins on Medina; repelled by Abu Bekr 4. Return of Osama.—Bedouins chastised.— organized against apostate tribes 5. Khalid's Arabian campaign.—Toleiha.—Battle of Bozakha.—Oyeina.—Malik ibn Noweira.—Yemama.—Moseilama.—Garden of Death 6. Apostasy crushed.—Bahrein, Oman, Hejaz, Ibn Madekerib, Ashath.—Freebooter burned to death 7. Review.—Reclaimed tribes at first sullen.—Enthusiasm kindled by Syrian and Chaldsean campaigns.—Arabs become aristocracy of the world.—Arab slaves set f r^ 8. Mothanna's campaign in Irac.—Joined by Khalid.—Battle of Chains.—River of Blood.—Hira capitulates.—Ain Tamar.—Duma stormed. Firadh.—Khalid's incognito pilgrimage 9. Syrian campaign.—Moslem defeat.—Advance on Yermuk, opposed by Greek army.—Khalid joins from Irac.— attle o f Wacusa.—Khalid deposed 10. Irac.—Battle of Babylon.—Mothanna's appeal for reinforcements 11. Abu Bekr's death.—Omar nominated by him Caliph 12. Omar's accession.—Reinforcements for Irac.—Rustem.—Battle of the Bridge.—Abn Obeid's defeat.—Battle of Boweib.—Death of Mothanna 13. Syria.—Fall of Damascus.—Church of St. John.—Battle of Fihl.—Jordan reduced 14. Irac.—Fresh levies.—Sad.—Yezdegird.—Rustem's advance. Battle of Cadesiya.—Discomfiture of Persian Army 15. Hira reoccupied.—FallofMedain 16. Battle of Jalola.—Omar forbids advance.—Kufa and Bussorah.—Land settlement of Irac 17. Northern Syria, Hims, Antioch.—Heraclius retires 18. Palestine.—Battle of Ajnadein.—Jerusalem submits to Omar.—His visit.—Ordinance of Omar 19. Northern Syria and Mesopotamia.—Attack by Greeks and Bedouins.—Beni Iyadh and Taghlib.—Fall of Csesarea Khalid's trial and deposition 20. Jews and Christians expelled from Arabia.—Register of Arab tribes.—Civil and military administration Coran 4 Collected' 21. Famine.—Plague.—Omar visits Syria.—Muavia.—Bilal 22. Conquest of Egypt.—Alexandria 23. Southern Persia.—Sus.—Tomb of Daniel.—Hormuzan 24. Conquest of Persia.—Battle of Nehavend.—Flight of Yezdegird 25. Domestic events.—Court of Kaaba enlarged.—Moghira's trial.—Kufa.—Bussorah.—Era of Hegira.—Laxity of morals.—Omar's simple life 26. Death of Omar.—Appointment of Electors 27. Othman.—Murder of Hormuzan 28. Arabs and Coreish.—Hashimites and Omeyyads.—Campaigns in East and West.—Naval victory 29. Unpopularity of Othman.—Discontent at Kufa and Bussorah.— Recension of Coran.—Abu Dzarr.—Other causes.—Nail 30. Growing disaffection.—Outbreak at Kufa.—Aly warns Othman 31. Outlook darkens.—Conference of Governors.—Muavia's help declined 32. Conspirators attack Medina.—Palace besieged.—Othman slain 33. Election of Aly.—Excitement at Damascus.—War proclaimed against Muavia 34. Ayesha at Mecca.—Joined by Talha and Zobeir.—They seize Bussorah 35. Aly's advance on Bussorah.—Battle of the Camel.—Talha and Zobeir killed.—Ayesha retires to Medina 36. Kufa seat of Government.—Egypt.—Muavia at Damascus threatens regicides 37. Hostilities between Ali and Muavia.—Battle of Siffin.—Arbitration.—Abu Mura and Amsu, Umpires 38. Kharejites rebel against Aly.—Yield to him 39. Decision of Umpires.—Muavia Caliph at Damascus 40. Aly marches against Muavia.—Recalled by Kharejite outbreak.— Battle of Nehrwan.—Kharejites 41. Amru takes Egypt for Muavia 42. Double Caliphate.— Kharejite risings.— Ziad.— Treaty between Aly and Muavia 43. Kharejite conspiracy.—Aly assassinated.—Muavia escapes 44. Hasan.—Abdicates in favour of Muavia.—Death of Hasan 45. Muavia, sole Caliph.—Death of Amru and Moghira.—Ziad.—Africa ; Cairowan.—Attack on Constantinople.—Mahomet's pulpit 46. Yezid declared Heir-apparent.—Former precedent.—Yezid's Bedouin mother 47. Yezid.—Ibn Zobeir at Mecca.—Hosein marches on Kufa.—Tragedy of Kerbala.—Death of Hosein.—The Moharram 48. Alyite reaction.—Ibn Zobeir affects Caliphate.—Mecca besieged.—Death of Yezid 49. Muaviall.—Merwan.—Abd alMelik.—Tribal hostilities.—Mukhtar seizes Kufa.—Slays c Murderers' of Hosein.—Musab beaten.—Kufa regained.—Hajjaj storms Mecca.—Ibn Zobeir's death 50. Abd al Melik (continued).—Hajjaj.—Azrackites.—Mohallab.— Ibn al Ashath.—Wasit.—Mint.—Ibn Khazim 51. Welid.—Omar at Medina.—Death of Hajjaj.—Coteiba.—Khorasan.— Multan.— India.—Africa.—Spain.— Fall of Musa.—Glory of Welid 52. Soleiman.— Khorasan.— Coteiba's rebellion.—Yezid.—Attack on Constantinople 53. Omar II.—Fall of Yezid.—Efforts at conversion 54. Yezid II.— Yezid's rebellion.— Narbonne.— Hashimite canvass.—Collectors o f tradition 55. Hisham.—Hashimites; Alyites and Abbassides.—Kufa.—Yusuf.—Zeid.— Central Asia.— India.—Armenia.—Africa.—France.—Charles Martel.—Just reign 56. Welid II.—Yezid III.— Khorasan.— Nasr.—Abbasside canvass.—Merwan's advance.—Compromise 57. Ibrahim.—Merwan II.—Ibn Muavia.—Soleiman.—Dhahhak.— Kharejites.—Spain slips from Caliphate 58. Merwan II (continued).—Abbassides in Khorasan.—Abu Muslim.—Nasr's flight.—Kufa taken by Abbassides.—Battle of Zab.—Merwan's death 59. Abbasside dynasty.—General features 60. Abul Abbas.—Hashimiya.—Persecution of Omeyyads.—Ibn Hobeira.—Abu Muslim's pilgrimage 61. Abu Jafar, Mansur.—Abu Muslim put to death.—Rawendies.—Khorasan, Mehdy.—Ibrahim's rebellion.—Bagdad.—Omeyyads in Spain,—Barmecides.—Pilgrimage.— Literature 62. Mehdy.—Growing laxity.—Manichaeans.— War with Greece 63. Hady.—Harun al Rashid.—Nicephorus.—Fall of Barmecides.— Harun dies at Tus.—Glory of his reign 64. Amin.—Mainun.—Bagdad besieged.—Tahir andHarthama.—Death of Amin 65. Mamun (continued).—Alyite predilections.—Bagdad revolts.—Aly Ridha.—Ibrahim rival Caliph.—Mamun at Bagdad.— Tahirides.—Babek.— Heterodoxy.— Brilliant reign 66. Motassim.— Turkish soldiery.— Samira.— Babek.— Amorium.— Wathic.—Heterodoxy.—Ahmed the martyr 67. Motawakkil.—Return to Orthodoxy.—Ordinance against Jews and Christians.—Saffarides.—Assassination 68. Muntassir.—Mustain.—Rebellion.—Siege of Bagdad.—Mutuzz.—Wassif and Bogha.—Ahmed ibn Tulun.—Mohtady.—Riot at Bagdad 69. Motamid and Mowaffac.—Zenj rebellion.—Saffarides.—Tulunide dynasty 70. Motadhid.—Muktafy.—Egypt.—War with Greeks 71. Ismailians and Carmathians.—Fatimide Dynasty.—Druses.—Assassins 72. Muctadir.—Cahir.—Radhy 73. Muttaky.— Hamadan Chiefs.— Ikshidites.— Mustakfy.—Buyides 74. Buyide Dynasty.—Mutie, Taie, Cadir, and Cairn, Caliphs 75. Bagdad under Seljuks.—Toghril Beg.—Muctady and four following Caliphs.—Crusades.—Capture of Jerusalem.—End of Fatimides 76. Nasir, his Son and Grandson.—Kharizm Shah.—Jenghiz Khan 77. Mustassim, last of the Caliphs.—Holagu takes Bagdad.—Caliph put to death.—End of Abbasside Dynasty 78. Spurious Caliphate under Mameluke kings of Egypt.—Osmanly Conquest"


    William Muir