Campus Emergency Preparedness : Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance book cover
1st Edition

Campus Emergency Preparedness
Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance

ISBN 9781032242699
Published December 13, 2021 by CRC Press
270 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

An easily digestible guide, Campus Emergency Preparedness: Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance helps you develop and organize emergency operation plans. It incorporates the key components recommended by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the US Department of Education and outlines the roles and responsibilities of campus personnel before, during, and after an emergency. Events covered include chemical spills, toxic gas releases, terrorist attacks, active shooter events, pandemics, floods, hurricanes, tornados, fires, and other natural or man-made hazards.

The information in this book is extracted from FEMA and US Department of Education documents and training, as well as concepts and strategies from a cross-section of college and university emergency plans. These resources have been melded together to provide you with strategies for protecting, preventing, mitigating, responding, and recovering from threats and hazards that may occur at an institute of higher education.

The book aids you in creating emergency response plans that comply with standards set by the ICS and NIMS. Ultimately, these are all-hazards strategies that can be applied to all phases of campus emergency management with efficient coordination among all levels of campus administration.

Safety in higher education institution campuses is a critical issue today in the wake of several events in recent years. Campus Emergency Preparedness helps you work toward creating a campus environment that is as safe as possible for your students, faculty, and staff. It is a valuable source for anticipating and handling a broad range of emergencies.

Table of Contents

Is Your School Really Ready for Any Crisis?

Preparedness Triggers
Changes to Protocol and Procedure as a Result of Acts of Violence
Changes to Protocol and Procedure as a Result of Natural Evens
Changes to Protocol and Procedure to Enhance Cyber Security
Changes to Protocol and Procedure to Integrate Social Media into the Campus Emergency Plan

A Case for Including Retention Strategies in Your Campus PPMRR
Literature Review
Conceptual Framework

FEMA and DOE Guidelines
Public Information and Warning
Operational Coordination
Forensics and Attribution
Intelligence and Information Sharing
Interdiction and Disruption
Screening, Search, and Detection
Access Control and Identity Verification
Physical Protective Measures
Risk Management for Protection Programs and Activities
Supply Chain Integrity and Security
Community Resilience
Long-term Vulnerability Reduction
Risk and Disaster Resilience Assessment
Threats and Hazard Identification
Critical Transportation
Environmental Response/Health and Safety
Fatality Management Services
Infrastructure Systems
Mass Care Services
Mass Search and Rescue Operations
On-scene Security and Protection
Operational Communications
Public and Private Services and Resources
Public Health and Medical Services
Situational Assessment
Economic Recovery
Health and Social Services
Natural and Cultural Resources
FEMA and DOE Working Together
Summary and Discussion

Organizing an ICS/NIMS Compliant Team
Organization and Assignment of Duties
Functions of the Command Staff
Function of the Four Sections

Developing Campus PPMRR Strategies
Section 1: Basic Guidelines
Section 2: Functional Annex
Section 3: Threat- and Hazard-Specific Annex

Ongoing Management and Maintenance
Course Descriptions
Discussion Based and Operational Exercises
Exercise Design
Exercise Materials
Recommended HSEEP AAP Format

Creating a Campus-Based CERT
Organizing a CERT on Your Campus
How the Project Relates to Student Learning

Appendix A: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery
Section 1: Basic Guidelines
Clery Act
Threat and Hazard Analysis
Emergency Plan Activation and Notification Process
Organization and Assignment of Duties
Executive Policy Group
Director of Emergency Management
Public Information Officer (PIO)
Safety Officer (SO)
Liaison Officer (LO)
Operations Section
Public Safety Branch
Communications/Public Relations
Academic Affairs Branch
Student Affairs Branch
Health Services Branch
Food Services Branch
Housing Branch
Enrollment Services Branch
Planning Section
Situation Analysis Branch
Damage Assessment Branch
Recovery Branch
Logistics Section
Communications and Information Technology Branch
Facilities Branch
Supply/Procurement Branch
Transportation Branch
Finance and Administration Section
Business Management Branch
Human Resources Branch
Legal Branch
Section 2: Functional Annex
Communication Strategies
Evacuation Drills/Actual Events
Lock-Down Strategies
Shelter-in-Place Strategies
Section 3: Threat- and Hazard-Specific Annex
Active Shooter
Cyber Attack
Bomb Threat
Death on Campus of Student/Staff/Faculty
Displaced Students
Extreme Weather Emergency Strategies
Fire Strategies
Hate Crime Strategies
Hazardous Materials Release
Missing Person
Pandemic/Ebola or Other Public Health Emergency
Section 4: Training and Exercising
Training Schedule
Section 5: Campus Policies

Appendix B: Mutual Aid Agreements

Appendix C: Emergency Operations Center Setup Procedures
Activation of the EOC
EOC Setup
Sample Emergency Operations Center Floor Plan
Incident Documentation
Shift Changes
Deactivation and Demobilization of the EOC
Response Capability Performance Objectives

Appendix D: University Crisis Action Team Decompressed

Training Model
A Culture of Preparedness
Preparedness Foundation
Composition of the Team
Individual Training Requirements
Collective Training
Decompressed Training
Tools for Success
Assessment and Conclusion

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Maureen Connolly, EdD, has a cross-disciplinary background in higher education and emergency management. She is a seasoned emergency management researcher, writer, curriculum developer, college administrator, and faculty member. She is also an active member of the FEMA Disaster Field Training Operations cadre, a US Coast Guard Auxiliarist, and a frequent consultant to colleges and universities. Since 2008 Dr. Connolly has been working with colleges and universities in analyzing their emergency preparedness plans which she has renamed Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response and Recovery Plans or PPMRR Strategies. After the strategies are developed exercises are created to test and analyze capabilities.