1st Edition

Campus Emergency Preparedness Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance

By Maureen Connolly Copyright 2016
    270 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    270 Pages 13 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

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    An easily digestible guide, Campus Emergency Preparedness: Meeting ICS and NIMS Compliance helps you develop and organize emergency operation plans. It incorporates the key components recommended by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the US Department of Education and outlines the roles and responsibilities of campus personnel before, during, and after an emergency. Events covered include chemical spills, toxic gas releases, terrorist attacks, active shooter events, pandemics, floods, hurricanes, tornados, fires, and other natural or man-made hazards.

    The information in this book is extracted from FEMA and US Department of Education documents and training, as well as concepts and strategies from a cross-section of college and university emergency plans. These resources have been melded together to provide you with strategies for protecting, preventing, mitigating, responding, and recovering from threats and hazards that may occur at an institute of higher education.

    The book aids you in creating emergency response plans that comply with standards set by the ICS and NIMS. Ultimately, these are all-hazards strategies that can be applied to all phases of campus emergency management with efficient coordination among all levels of campus administration.

    Safety in higher education institution campuses is a critical issue today in the wake of several events in recent years. Campus Emergency Preparedness helps you work toward creating a campus environment that is as safe as possible for your students, faculty, and staff. It is a valuable source for anticipating and handling a broad range of emergencies.

    Is Your School Really Ready for Any Crisis?

    Preparedness Triggers
    Changes to Protocol and Procedure as a Result of Acts of Violence
    Changes to Protocol and Procedure as a Result of Natural Evens
    Changes to Protocol and Procedure to Enhance Cyber Security
    Changes to Protocol and Procedure to Integrate Social Media into the Campus Emergency Plan

    A Case for Including Retention Strategies in Your Campus PPMRR
    Literature Review
    Conceptual Framework

    FEMA and DOE Guidelines
    Public Information and Warning
    Operational Coordination
    Forensics and Attribution
    Intelligence and Information Sharing
    Interdiction and Disruption
    Screening, Search, and Detection
    Access Control and Identity Verification
    Physical Protective Measures
    Risk Management for Protection Programs and Activities
    Supply Chain Integrity and Security
    Community Resilience
    Long-term Vulnerability Reduction
    Risk and Disaster Resilience Assessment
    Threats and Hazard Identification
    Critical Transportation
    Environmental Response/Health and Safety
    Fatality Management Services
    Infrastructure Systems
    Mass Care Services
    Mass Search and Rescue Operations
    On-scene Security and Protection
    Operational Communications
    Public and Private Services and Resources
    Public Health and Medical Services
    Situational Assessment
    Economic Recovery
    Health and Social Services
    Natural and Cultural Resources
    FEMA and DOE Working Together
    Summary and Discussion

    Organizing an ICS/NIMS Compliant Team
    Organization and Assignment of Duties
    Functions of the Command Staff
    Function of the Four Sections

    Developing Campus PPMRR Strategies
    Section 1: Basic Guidelines
    Section 2: Functional Annex
    Section 3: Threat- and Hazard-Specific Annex

    Ongoing Management and Maintenance
    Course Descriptions
    Discussion Based and Operational Exercises
    Exercise Design
    Exercise Materials
    Recommended HSEEP AAP Format

    Creating a Campus-Based CERT
    Organizing a CERT on Your Campus
    How the Project Relates to Student Learning

    Appendix A: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery
    Section 1: Basic Guidelines
    Clery Act
    Threat and Hazard Analysis
    Emergency Plan Activation and Notification Process
    Organization and Assignment of Duties
    Executive Policy Group
    Director of Emergency Management
    Public Information Officer (PIO)
    Safety Officer (SO)
    Liaison Officer (LO)
    Operations Section
    Public Safety Branch
    Communications/Public Relations
    Academic Affairs Branch
    Student Affairs Branch
    Health Services Branch
    Food Services Branch
    Housing Branch
    Enrollment Services Branch
    Planning Section
    Situation Analysis Branch
    Damage Assessment Branch
    Recovery Branch
    Logistics Section
    Communications and Information Technology Branch
    Facilities Branch
    Supply/Procurement Branch
    Transportation Branch
    Finance and Administration Section
    Business Management Branch
    Human Resources Branch
    Legal Branch
    Section 2: Functional Annex
    Communication Strategies
    Evacuation Drills/Actual Events
    Lock-Down Strategies
    Shelter-in-Place Strategies
    Section 3: Threat- and Hazard-Specific Annex
    Active Shooter
    Cyber Attack
    Bomb Threat
    Death on Campus of Student/Staff/Faculty
    Displaced Students
    Extreme Weather Emergency Strategies
    Fire Strategies
    Hate Crime Strategies
    Hazardous Materials Release
    Missing Person
    Pandemic/Ebola or Other Public Health Emergency
    Section 4: Training and Exercising
    Training Schedule
    Section 5: Campus Policies

    Appendix B: Mutual Aid Agreements

    Appendix C: Emergency Operations Center Setup Procedures
    Activation of the EOC
    EOC Setup
    Sample Emergency Operations Center Floor Plan
    Incident Documentation
    Shift Changes
    Deactivation and Demobilization of the EOC
    Response Capability Performance Objectives

    Appendix D: University Crisis Action Team Decompressed

    Training Model
    A Culture of Preparedness
    Preparedness Foundation
    Composition of the Team
    Individual Training Requirements
    Collective Training
    Decompressed Training
    Tools for Success
    Assessment and Conclusion


    Maureen Connolly, EdD, has a cross-disciplinary background in higher education and emergency management. She is a seasoned emergency management researcher, writer, curriculum developer, college administrator, and faculty member. She is also an active member of the FEMA Disaster Field Training Operations cadre, a US Coast Guard Auxiliarist, and a frequent consultant to colleges and universities. Since 2008 Dr. Connolly has been working with colleges and universities in analyzing their emergency preparedness plans which she has renamed Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response and Recovery Plans or PPMRR Strategies. After the strategies are developed exercises are created to test and analyze capabilities.