Most recent sociological work on the theory of class is based on a distinction between Weberian and Marxist approaches. For the first part of this volume, the authors use this distinction to review the literature on the middle class, concentrating particularly on the traditions of Marxist theory and of the more empirical work inspired by Max Weber. They show, however, that this distinction is of limited utility in reconstructing a theory of the middle class.
1. The Problem of the Middle Classes Part 1. Contrasting Approaches to the Middle Classes 2. Some Weberian Theories of the Middle Classes 3. Themes in Weberian Analysis 4. Marxist Approaches 1: Proletarianisation 5. Marxist Approaches 2: Non-Proletarianisation Part 2. Towards a Theory of the Middle Class 6. Unproductive Labour, Knowledge and Credentials 7. Middle Class or Service Class? 8. Causal Powers, Struggles and Politics