Caravans in Socio-Cultural Perspective : Past and Present book cover
1st Edition

Caravans in Socio-Cultural Perspective
Past and Present

ISBN 9780367772994
Published December 9, 2021 by Routledge
276 Pages 39 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Ranging across space and time, this book brings together up-to-date research on the socio-cultural phenomenon of caravans. It shows that caravans for long-distance trade in arid lands are present in both the Old and New Worlds. Alongside historical and archival records, ethnographic analyses of modern caravans provide theoretical frameworks for reconstructing aspects of ancient caravans such as behaviour, ritual and material culture. The volume reflects on the changing foci of caravan research and the future of caravans, when memories of living caravaners are fading, and the fragile and remote nature of caravan-related sites means that they are at risk. It will be relevant to scholars from anthropology, archaeology and history and others with an interest in trade, travel and nomadism.

Table of Contents


Persis B. Clarkson and Calogero M. Santoro

Prologue by Anthony F. Aveni

1. ¡Cabros Viene Barco! (Holy smokes, guys, there’s a boat!)

Luis Briones

2. Times of Change: Young People in the Future of Llama Caravans in Santa Catalina, Jujuy, Argentina

Bibiana Vilá

3. Rest Areas and Long-Distance Caravans: Ethnoarchaeological Notes from the Southern Andes

Axel E. Nielsen

4. Salt Routes and Barter Caravans in the Regions of Nepal and Tibetan Himalaya in an Ethnographical Perspective

Patrice Lecoq

5. Crisscrossing the Peruvian Central Highlands and Beyond

Lidio M. Valdez, Katrina J. Bettchter, and J. Ernesto Valdez

6. Reflection on the History of the Study of Transhumance, Culture Change, Trails, and Roads in the South-Central Andes

Thomas F. Lynch

7. Caravan Roads in the Upper Egyptian Deserts

John Coleman Darnell

8. Llama Caravans in Late Prehistoric Nazca

Viviana Siveroni

9. Camelid Caravans and Middle Horizon Exchange Networks: Insights from the Late Moche Jequetepeque Valley of Northern Peru.

Aleksa K. Alaica, Luis Manuel González La Rosa, Luis A. Muro Ynoñán, Gwyneth Gordon, Kelly J. Knudson

10. Donkeys, Camels, and the Logistics of Ancient Caravan Transport: Animal Performance and Archaeological Evidence from the Egyptian Sahara

Heiko Riemer and Frank Förster

11. Camelids As Cargo Animals By the Paracas Culture (800–200 BC) In the Palpa Valleys of Southern Peru.

Christian Mader, Markus Reindel, and Johny Isla

12. The Politics of Connection: Caravans and Political Development in the Southern Lake Titicaca Basin, Bolivia.

Scott C. Smith, Maribel Pérez Arias, and Adolfo E. Pérez Arias

13. Intersite Locations of Prehistoric Caravan Traffic in the Core of the Atacama Desert, Northern Chile

Lautaro Núñez and Luis Briones

14. Caravan Trails in the Highlands of Northwestern Argentina

Alvaro Martel

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Persis B. Clarkson’s archaeological research spans the western deserts of the Americas, the tropical forests of Mesoamerica, and the boreal forests of Canada. She teaches anthropology at the University of Winnipeg in Manitoba, Canada, and is a temporary but keenly observant inhabitant of the Atacama Desert.

Calogero M. Santoro is based at the Instituto de Alta Investigación at the Universidad de Tarapacá in Arica, Chile, where multidisciplinary research ranges through socialcultural changes and climate variability from the Pleistocene to the present in hyperarid environments.