1st Edition

Carbon Footprint Analysis
Concepts, Methods, Implementation, and Case Studies




ISBN 9781439857830
Published June 18, 2012 by CRC Press
270 Pages 61 B/W Illustrations

USD $125.00

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Book Description

The negative impacts of carbon emissions from human activities continue to dramatically reshape the environmental, political, and social landscape. These impacts coupled with cap and trade schemes iterate the importance and need to properly measure and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon Footprint Analysis: Concepts, Methods, Implementation, and Case Studies provides up-to-date technical information and practical guidance on measuring and reducing energy and GHG emissions. Presenting a comprehensive framework for carbon management, this book:

  • Provides definitions, concepts, benefits, and background information regarding carbon footprint analyses
  • Discusses the GHG accounting methods
  • Outlines the general systems framework for conducting an audit
  • Features four case studies in higher education, service, and manufacturing organizations

The book includes detailed discussions of the concepts and explains how the different concepts fit together. It supplies the necessary background as well as systematic tools and procedures for organizations to measure and reduce their carbon footprints and begin to adapt to a carbon-constrained world.

Table of Contents

WHY CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS AND REDUCTION?
Definitions of Carbon Footprint Analysis and Related Concepts
Introduction
Carbon Footprint Analysis
Greenhouse Gases
Global Warming, Climate Change, and Global Change
Life Cycle Assessment and Embedded Carbon
Other Footprints: Water, Nitrogen, Ecological Footprints
Pollution Prevention
Sustainability and the Triple Bottom Line
Acronyms
Units
References

Benefits of Energy and Greenhouse Gas Reduction and Minimization
Introduction
Environmental Benefits
Economic Benefits
Corporate Image Benefits
Personal and Social Benefits
References

Environmental Laws and Regulations
Introduction
The U.S. Clean Air Act
The Pollution Prevention Act of 1990
Energy Policy Act of 2005
American Clean Energy and Security Act
Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule
Kyoto Protocol
References

CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS METHODS
Standards for Carbon Footprint Analysis

Introduction
Product-Based Standards
Activity-Based Standards
Iterative Carbon Management Steps
References

GHG Protocol

Introduction
GHG Protocol Overview
The GHG Protocol’s Overarching Principles
Greenhouse Gases
Boundary Setting
Organizational Boundary Setting
Operational Boundary Setting
Temporal Boundary Setting
References

Metrics and Performance Measurement for Carbon Footprint Analyses

Introduction
Greenhouse Gas Emission Measurement
Business and Financial Measurement
Customer and Stakeholder Satisfaction Measurements
Reference

Energy and Greenhouse Gas Calculators Available on the Internet

Overview of Calculators and Comparisons
American Forests
Bonneville Environmental Foundation
Clearwater
The Conservation Fund
Green Mountain Energy
TerraPass
The U.S. Department of Energy—Home Energy Saver
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA)

Carbon Footprints of Some Entities

Introduction
Carbon Footprint of Persons, Organizations, and Nations
Embedded Carbon of Products
References

SYSTEMS APPROACH TO PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION
Introduction: The System Approach to Carbon Footprint and Energy Reduction

The Six Sigma Systems Approach for Deployment
Introduction
Define Stage
Measure
Analyze
Improve
Control
Summary
References

Deployment Alternatives

Introduction
Choosing a Waste Minimization Provider or Partner
Essential Elements of the Deployment Plan

Creating a Successful Project Launch

Introduction
Executive Leadership
Strategic Goals
Resources
Metrics
Culture
Communications
Lessons Learned
Summary
Reference

The General Approach to Greenhouse Gas and Energy Analyses

Introduction to the Systems Approach Framework
Establish the Team and Define the Project (Step 1)
Existing Records Review (Step 2)
Process Mapping and Production Analysis (Step 3)
On-Site Data Collection (Step 4)
Data Analysis (Step 5)
Identify Minimization Opportunities (Step 6)
Determine, Evaluate, and Select Alternatives (Step 7)
Documentation and the Deployment Plan (Step 8)
Implementation and Execution (Step 9)
Validate the Program versus Goals (Step 10)
Monitor and Continually Improve Performance (Step 11)

Employee Training

Introduction
Strategy
Agendas for Training

CASE STUDIES
Higher Education Carbon Management

Organizations and Programs That Encourage and Support Carbon Footprint Analysis and Management
Case Study of the University of Toledo
References

Energy Analysis and Minimization in Manufacturing

Introduction
Methodology
Data Analysis
Cost Savings Opportunities/Recommendations
Recommendations and Summary

Energy Analysis and Minimization in Health Care

Introduction and Background
Methodology
Lighting Results
Lighting Recommendations
Economic Analysis of Lighting Recommendations
Environmental Impact
Other Areas for Energy Reduction
References

Energy Analysis in Minimization in Construction and Manufacturing

Background
Methodology
Data Analysis
Cost-Saving Opportunities
Recommendations and Summary
Index

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Reviews

"… the first comprehensive engineering and technically based treatment of all the associated issues in one book. … will have a wide appeal not only among students and teachers, but also among technocrats, industrialists, researchers, and government policy makers. … written by authors who are technically competent in the field and they combine theory and practice in presenting a case for carbon footprint reduction."
—Adedeji Badiru, Air Force Institute of Technology, Beavercreek, Ohio, USA


"Carbon emissions represent a major environmental impact of any institution. This book provides practical guidance for the calculation of an institution’s carbon footprint, and will be of use to a wide audience."
—Jeffrey D. Corbin, Union College, Schenectady, New York, USA