Carbon membranes have great advantages of strong mechanical strength and high chemical stabilities, as well as high separation performance to reach the industrial attractive region. Further improvement on membrane performance can potentially offset the relatively high production cost compared to polymeric membranes. However, there are still some challenges related to fabrication of asymmetric carbon membranes, the controlling of structure and pore-size and module up-scaling for commercial application. The aim of this book is to provide the fundamentals on carbon membrane materials for the young researchers and engineers to develop frontier membrane materials for energy efficient separation process.
This book describes the status and perspectives of both self-supported and supported carbon membranes from fundamentals to applications. The key steps on the development of high performance carbon membranes including precursor selection, tuning carbon membrane structure and regeneration are discussed. In the end, different potential applications both in gas and liquids separation are well described, and the future directions for carbon membrane development were pointed out.
To this end, membrane science and engineering are set to play crucial roles as enabling technologies to provide energy efficient and cost-effective future solutions for energy and environment related processes. Based on this approach the research projects which are trying to find attractive carbon materials in our days are many. The published papers, per year, in the topic of carbon membranes, especially for biogas upgrading, natural gas sweetening and hydrogen purification, are numerous with very high impact. However, only few are the books which include relevant to the topic of carbon membrane technology. This book offers the condensed and interdisciplinary knowledge on carbon membranes, and provides the opportunity to the scientists who are working in the field of carbon membrane technology for gas and liquid separations to present, share, and discuss their contributions within the membrane community.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Carbon membrane preparation
Chapter 2 Carbon membrane performance: State-of-the-art
Chapter 3 Carbon membrane characterization
Chapter 4 Carbon membrane transport mechanisms
Chapter 5 Carbon membranes for Biogas upgrading
Chapter 6 Carbon membranes for natural gas sweetening
Chapter 7 Carbon membranes for H2 purification
Chapter 8 Carbon membranes for microfiltration/ultrafiltration/nanofiltration
Chapter 9 Carbon membranes for other applications
Chapter 10 Future perspectives
Xuezhong He is an associate professor at Guangdong Technion Israel Institute of Technology (GTIIT) and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, who has been working in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) for more than 10 years in membrane science and engineering. Dr. He has solid knowledge of and high competence in membrane materials (both polymeric and carbon membranes in flat sheets and hollow fibers) for energy-related separation processes, especially natural gas sweetening, biogas upgrading, and hydrogen purification. Dr. He has published >40 articles in peer-reviewed journals such as J. Member. Sci., Chem. Eng. J., AIChE J., I&EC Res., and has >2000 citations and an H-index of 20 (Google Scholar), and has contributed eight chapters to books; Dr. He has also given a number of presentations at international conferences.
Izumi Kumakiri is from Yamaguchi University Japan, having previously worked at National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), France, and at Stiftelsen for industriell og teknisk forskning (SINTEF), Norway, and is involved in various national, international, and industrial projects on the developments and the applications of membranes and nano-functionalized materials. Professor Kumakiri is currently conducting research projects related to the developments of microporous inorganic membranes including carbon, zeolite, and other types, and their applications in energy and environmental fields, and has published more than 50 articles in leading scientific journals.