This book offers comprehensive coverage of carbon-based nanomaterials and electrochemical energy conversion and storage technologies such as batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and hydrogen generation and storage, as well as the latest material and new technology development. It addresses a variety of topics such as electrochemical processes, materials, components, assembly and manufacturing, degradation mechanisms, challenges, and strategies. With in-depth discussions ranging from electrochemistry fundamentals to engineering components and applied devices, this all-inclusive reference offers a broad view of various carbon nanomaterials and technologies for electrochemical energy conversion and storage devices.
Table of Contents
1.1.1: Carbon Nanomaterials in Batteries and Supercapacitors
1.1.2: Carbon Nanomaterials for Li-Sulfur Batteries
1.1.3: Carbon Nanomaterials for Na-Ion Batteries
1.1.4: Carbon Nanomaterials for Metal-Air Batteries
1.1.5: . The New Graphene Family Materials: Material Synthesis and Applications in Lithium-Ion Battery
1.2: Carbon Nanomaterials for Supercapacitors
2.1: Carbon Nanomaterials for Li-O2 Batteries
2.2: Carbon Nanomaterials for Na-O2 Batteries
3.1: Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Materials for Oxygen Reduction in PEM Fuel Cells
3.2: New Class of Graphene Materials for Fuel Cells
3.3: Applications of Carbon Materials in Membranes for Fuel Cells
Chapter 4: Carbon Nanomaterials in Electrolysis and Hydrogen
Section 5: Graphene-Based Sensors
Dr. Shuhui Sun is a professor at the Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, center for Energy, Materials, and Telecommunications (INRS-EMT) in Montreal, Canada, where he directs the Laboratory of Sustainable Nanotechnology. His current research interests focus on the development of multi-functional nanomaterials (graphene, CNTs, MOF, metal and metal oxides) for Energy and Environment, including PEM fuel cells (low-Pt and Pt-free catalysts), Li-ion and Na-ion batteries, Metal-air batteries, as well as Wastewater treatment. He received a Ph.D. in Materials Engineering from the University of Western Ontario (Canada) and M.Sc./Ph.D. in Physics from the Chinese Academy of Sciences. He has published 10 book chapters, 1 book, and over 100 peer reviewed journals articles, including Advanced Materials, Angewandte Chemie, Advanced Energy Materials, Advanced Functional Materials, Nano Energy, and holds 2 US patents. He has been invited to present his research findings at over 100 conferences, workshops, seminars, and institutions worldwide. He is the recipient of various prestigious fellows and awards, such as the ECS Toyota Young Investigator Fellow (2017), Fellow of the Global Young Academy (2017), the Canada Governor General’s Academic Gold Medal (2012), NSERC-Alexander Graham Bell Canada fellowship (2009), The 1st Prize of Natural Science Award of Anhui Province (2014), Quebec Merits fellowship (2007). He is the Vice President of the International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science (IAOEES). He serves as the Executive Editor-in-Chief of Electrochemical Energy Reviews (EER) (Springer- Nature), and the editorial board member for another 5 journals related to nanomaterials and energy.
Dr. Andy (Xueliang) Sun is a professor and Canada Research Chair (Tier I) for the development of nanomaterials for clean energy, at the University of Western Ontario, Canada. He was elected as a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering and Fellow of Royal Society of Canada in 2016. His current research interests are associated with electrochemical energy storage and conversion. Dr. Sun received his Ph.D degree in Materials Chemistry at the University of Manchester, UK, in 1999. After his Ph.D in UK, he worked as a post-doctoral fellow in the University of British Columbia, Canada, during 1999-2001. He was a Research Associate at the National Institut de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS), Quebec, Canada, during 2001-2004 before Dr. Sun joined the University of Western Ontario in 2004. Dr. Sun is an author and co-author of over 280 refereed-journals, two books and 15 book chapters, including Nature Communications, Advanced Materials, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (JACS), Nano Letters, and Energy and Environmental Science. His work was cited over 13,000 times with H-index of 60. He holds 10 US patents. Dr. Sun is actively collaborating with industries and government labs such as Ballard Power Systems, General Motors, Lithium Phostech Inc., 3M and China Automotive Battery Institute Inc. Dr. Sun received various awards such as Early Researcher Award (2006), University Faculty Scholar Award (2010) and Western Engineering Prize for Achievement in Research (2013). He also serves as an Editor-in-Chief for "Electrochemical Energy Reviews’ (Springer- Nature) and an Associate Editor for Frontier of Energy Storage (2013-present). Dr. Sun is a Vice-Chairman of in the International Academy of Electrochemical Energy (IAOEES).
Dr. Zhongwei Chen is a professor & Canada Research Chair in Advanced Materials for Clean Energy, Director of Collaborative Graduate Program in Nanotechnology and Director of Applied Nanomaterials & Clean Energy Laboratory at University of Waterloo. His current research interests are in the development of advanced energy materials for metal-air batteries, lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells. He received his Ph.D. in Chemical and Environmental Engineering from the University of California - Riverside. Prior to joining the faculty at Waterloo in 2008, he was focusing on the advanced catalysts research by the Chancellor's Dissertation Fellowship in the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) at New Mexico, His current research is on advanced materials for fuel cells, batteries, and sensors. He has published 1 book, 6 book chapters and more than 170 peer reviewed journal articles including Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Communications, JACS, Angewandte Chemie, Advanced Materials, Advanced Energy Materials, Energy & Environmental Science, Nano Letters and ACS Nano. These publications have earned him to date over 10,000 citations with H-index 50 (Google Scholar). He is also listed as inventor on 18 US/international patents, with three start-up companies in USA and Canada. Dr. Chen also serves as an editorial board member for peer-reviewed journals including Scientific Reports (Nature Publishing), and the Vice President of the International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science (IAOEES). In 2107, he was elected to be a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Engineering, recognizing his outstanding abilities. He was also recipient of the 2016 E.W.R Steacie Memorial Fellowship and the member of the Royal Society of Canada’s College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists in 2016, which followed shortly upon several other prestigious honors, including the Ontario Early Researcher Award, an NSERC Discovery Supplement Award, the Distinguished Performance and Research Excellence Awards from the University of Waterloo.
Dr. Yuyu Liu is the Vice-Dean and Professor at Institute of Sustainable Energy, Shanghai University, China. He received his Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering from Yamaguchi University, Japan in 2003. Then, he worked at Kyushu Environmental Evaluation Association, Osaka Institute of Technology, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Yokohama National University as Postdoctoral and Research Fellow. From 2010 to 2016, he was Assistant Professor and Associate Professor of the Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku University, Japan. Dr. Liu has more than 20 years of experience in environmental/electrochemical science and technology, particularly in the areas of air quality monitoring, water and soil research, and their associated instrument development. Recently, his research interest is moving to the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to low-carbon fuels. As the first author and corresponding author, he has published over 60 research papers in peer-reviewed journals (including Chem Soc Rev, Coord. Chem. Rev., Sci., Rep., Green Chem., J. Power Sources, Appl Energy, Electrochim. Acta, ChemElectroChem, J. Solid State Electrochem., Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, J. Environ. Sci. Heal. A, Chem. Eng. Sci., Bioresource Technol. J. ChemEng Jpn. Water Sci. Technol. Cogent Environ. Sc.), 20 conferences and keynote/invited/oral presentations, 3 co-authored/edited books/7 book chapters (including Electrochemical Reduction of Carbon Dioxide: Fundamentals and Technology, by CRC Press and, Environmental Bioengineering: Volume11 (Handbook of Environmental Engineering) by Humana Press). He is also a member of Japan Society on Water Environment, Japan Society of Material Cycles and Waste Management, and Board Committee Member of International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science.
Dr. David P. Wilkinson is a professor and Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in clean energy and fuel cells in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the University of British Columbia (UBC), Canada. He has received a number of awards and is a fellow of several organizations including the Engineering Institute of Canada, the Canadian Academy of Engineering, the Chemical Institute of Canada, and the Royal Society of Canada. Dr. Wilkinson’s main research interests are in electrochemical and photochemical devices, energy conversion and storage materials, and processes to create clean and sustainable energy and water. He has more than 80 issued patents and 160 refereed journal articles covering innovative research in these fields. Dr. Wilkinson received his BASc in Chemical Engineering from UBC in 1978 and his PhD in Physical Chemistry from the University of Ottawa in 1987, where his graduate work was done with Professor Brian Conway in electrochemistry. Prior to joining the university in 2004 Dr. Wilkinson had more than 20 years of industrial experience in the areas of fuel cells and advanced lithium batteries. He has held a variety of leadership positions including being Associate Department Head, Executive Director of the UBC Clean Energy Research Center, Principal Research Officer and Senior Advisor with the National Research Council of Canada Institute for Fuel Cell Innovation, Director and Vice President of Research and Development at Ballard Power Systems, and Section Leader for Chemistry at Moli Energy (now E-One Moli Energy). Dr. Wilkinson is a board member of the International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science (IAOEES), a board member of the Canadian Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Association, and a board member of Mangrove Water Technologies Ltd, a company he recently cofounded.
Dr. Jiujun Zhang is a professor and Dean in College of Sciences/Institute for Sustainable Energy at Shanghai University, a Principal Research Officer (Emeritus) at National Research Council of Canada (NRC). Dr. Zhang is a Fellow of Canadian Academy of Engineering (CAE), Fellow of The Academy of Science of The Royal Society of Canada (FRSC), Fellow of The Engineering Institute of Canada (EIC), Fellow of International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE), and Fellow of the Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC), and Chairman/President of International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science (IAOEES). Dr. Zhang received his B.S. and M.Sc. in Electrochemistry from Peking University in 1982 and 1985, respectively, and his Ph.D. in Electrochemistry from Wuhan University in 1988. After completing his Ph.D., he took a position as an associate professor at the Huazhong Normal University for two years. Starting in 1990, he carried out three terms of postdoctoral research at the California Institute of Technology, York University, and the University of British Columbia. Dr. Zhang has over 35 years of R&D experience in theoretical and applied electrochemistry, including over eighteen years of fuel cell R&D (among these 6 years at Ballard Power Systems and 14 years at NRC, and 3 years of electrochemical sensor experience, respectively). Dr. Zhang holds more than 15 adjunct/Honorable professorships, including one at the University of Waterloo, one at the University of British Columbia and one at Peking University. Up to now, Dr. Zhang has co-authored more than 450 publications including 250 refereed journal papers with approximately 23000 citations, 19 edited /co-authored books, 11 conference proceeding papers, 43 book chapters, as well as 140 conference and invited oral presentations. He also holds over 16 US/EU/WO/JP/CA patents, 11 US patent publications, and produced in excess of 90 industrial technical reports. Dr. Zhang serves as Editor-in-Chief of Electrochemical Energy Reviews (Springer Nature) and Associate Editor of Green Energy & Environment (KeAi), Editor of International Journal of Electrochemistry (Hindawi), and editorial board member for several international journals as well as Editor for book series of Electrochemical Energy Storage and Conversion (CRC). Dr. Zhang is an active member of The Electrochemical Society (ECS), the International Society of Electrochemistry (ISE, Fellow Member), and the American Chemical Society (ACS), Canadian Institute of Chemistry (CIC), as well as the International Academy of Electrochemical Energy Science (IAOEES, Board Committee Member).