Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects  book cover
1st Edition

Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects

ISBN 9781138822313
Published November 15, 2017 by CRC Press
196 Pages

USD $84.95

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Book Description

An Alternative to Copper-Based Interconnect Technology

With an increase in demand for more circuit components on a single chip, there is a growing need for nanoelectronic devices and their interconnects (a physical connecting medium made of thin metal films between several electrical nodes in a semiconducting chip that transmit signals from one point to another without any distortion). Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects explores two new important carbon nanomaterials, carbon nanotube (CNT) and graphene nanoribbon (GNR), and compares them with that of copper-based interconnects. These nanomaterials show almost 1,000 times more current-carrying capacity and significantly higher mean free path than copper. Due to their remarkable properties, CNT and GNR could soon replace traditional copper interconnects. Dedicated to proving their benefits, this book covers the basic theory of CNT and GNR, and provides a comprehensive analysis of the CNT- and GNR-based VLSI interconnects at nanometric dimensions.

Explore the Potential Applications of CNT and Graphene for VLSI Circuits

The book starts off with a brief introduction of carbon nanomaterials, discusses the latest research, and details the modeling and analysis of CNT and GNR interconnects. It also describes the electrical, thermal, and mechanical properties, and structural behavior of these materials. In addition, it chronicles the progression of these fundamental properties, explores possible engineering applications and growth technologies, and considers applications for CNT and GNR apart from their use in VLSI circuits.

Comprising eight chapters this text:

  • Covers the basics of carbon nanotube and graphene nanoribbon
  • Discusses the growth and characterization of carbon nanotube and graphene nanoribbon
  • Presents the modeling of CNT and GNR as future VLSI interconnects
  • Examines the applicability of CNT and GNR in terms of several analysis works
  • Addresses the timing and frequency response of the CNT and GNR interconnects
  • Explores the signal integrity analysis for CNT and GNR interconnects
  • Models and analyzes the applicability of CNT and GNR as power interconnects
  • Considers the future scope of CNT and GNR

Beneficial to VLSI designers working in this area, Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects provides a complete understanding of carbon-based materials and interconnect technology, and equips the reader with sufficient knowledge about the future scope of research and development for this emerging topic.

Table of Contents

Introduction to Allotropes of Carbon Nanomaterials

Introduction to Carbon Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon


Graphene Nanoribbon

Carbon Nanotube

Single-Walled CNT

Multiwalled CNT

Properties of CNT

Growth of Carbon Nanotubes and Graphene Nanoribbon


Works Related to CNT and GNR Technologies

Works on Modeling and Analysis of CNT- and GNR-Based Interconnects

Works Related to CNT- and GNR- Based Field-Effect Transistors

Practical Circuits


Modeling of CNT and GNR Interconnects


Single-Walled CNT

Multiwalled CNT

SWCNT Bundle

MWCNT Bundle

Modeling of Graphene Nanoribbon

Modeling of Copper Interconnects

Interconnect Parameters


Timing Analysis in CNT Interconnects


CNT Model with PTV Variations

Performance Study at the System Level


RF and Stability Analyses in CNT and GNR Interconnects


RF Performance Analysis

Frequency Domain Response of CNT Interconnects

RF Simulation Setup

RF Simulation Results and Discussions

Frequency Domain Response of GNR Interconnects

Stability of CNT and GNR Interconnects


Signal Integrity in CNT and GNR Interconnects


Crosstalk Analysis in Coupled Interconnect System

Gate Oxide Reliability Model

Results of Gate Oxide Reliability Analysis for CNT-Based Interconnects

Analysis for Different Configurations of MWCNT-Based Interconnects

Discussions on Noise and Overshoot/Undershoot Analysis

Analysis of GNR Interconnects

Analysis of Delay Uncertainty due to Crosstalk


Applicability of CNT and GNR as Power Interconnects


IR Drop Analysis in CNT-Based PDN

SSN Analysis in GNR and CNT-Based PDN

Simulation Results

IR Drop-Induced Delay-Fault Modeling


Future Applications of CNT and GNR


Applications of CNT and GNR




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Dr. Debaprasad Das received a bachelor’s (honors) degree in physics in 1995, a bachelor’s degree in radio physics and electronics in 1998, a master’s degree in electronics and telecommunication engineering in 2006, and a PhD in engineering in 2013 from the Vidyasagar University, University of Calcutta, Jadavpur University, and Bengal Engineering and Science University, Shibpur, respectively. Presently, he is working as an associate professor and head in the Department of Electronics and Telecommunication Engineering, Assam University, Silchar, India. He has authored or coauthored several research papers in national and international journals and conferences, and authored four books.

Dr. Hafizur Rahaman received a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering from Bengal Engineering College, India, in 1986, and a master’s degree in electrical engineering and a PhD in computer science and engineering from Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India, in 1988 and 2003, respectively. He is a full professor of the Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, West Bengal, India. His research interests include VLSI design and test, CAD for micro-fluidic biochips, emerging nanotechnologies, and reversible computing. He has published more than 280 research articles in archival journals and refereed conference proceedings.


"The book, Caron Nanotube and Graphene Nanoribbon Interconnects, authored by Drs. Debapraad Das and Hafizur Rahaman serves as a good source of material on CNT and GNR interconnects for readers who wish to get into this area and also for practicing engineers who would like to be updated in advances of this field."
—Prof. Ashok Srivastava, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, USA

"Mathematical analysis included in each and every chapter is the main strength of the materials. ... The book is very precise and useful for those who are working in this area. ... highly focused, very compact, and easy to apply. ... This book depicts a detailed analysis and modelling of carbon nanotube and graphene nanoribbon interconnects. The book also covers the electrical circuit modelling of carbon nanotubes and graphene nanoribbons."
—Prof. Chandan Kumar Sarkar, Jadavpur University, Kolkata, India