Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Carbon Nanotubes

Properties and Applications, 1st Edition

By Michael J. O’Connell

CRC Press

360 pages | 141 B/W Illus.

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Hardback: 9780849327483
pub: 2006-05-03
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Description

Since their discovery more than a decade ago, carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have held scientists and engineers in captive fascination, seated on the verge of enormous breakthroughs in areas such as medicine, electronics, and materials science, to name but a few. Taking a broad look at CNTs and the tools used to study them, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications comprises the efforts of leading nanotube researchers led by Michael O’Connell, protégé of the late father of nanotechnology, Richard Smalley. Each chapter is a self-contained treatise on various aspects of CNT synthesis, characterization, modification, and applications.

The book opens with a general introduction to the basic characteristics and the history of CNTs, followed by discussions on synthesis methods and the growth of “peapod” structures. Coverage then moves to electronic properties and band structures of single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs), magnetic properties, Raman spectroscopy of electronic and chemical behavior, and electromechanical properties and applications in NEMS (nanoelectromechanical systems). Turning to applications, the final sections of the book explore mechanical properties of SWNTs spun into fibers, sidewall functionalization in composites, and using SWNTs as tips for scanning probe microscopes.

Taking a fresh look at this burgeoning field, Carbon Nanotubes: Properties and Applications points the way toward making CNTs commercially viable.

Reviews

"Recommended for those involved in CNT R&D and applications."

– Editor, The Composites and Adhesives Newsletter, July- September 2008

"This book is a great resource for those new to the field or for those who already work in one area of nanotube research and wish to learn about other areas outside their area of expertise. It has good technical depth . . . very well written, with good explanations and lots of experimental as well as theoretical results."

– In IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, Jan/Feb 2008, Vol. 24, No. 1

"Owing perhaps to several recurring themes that effectively connect seemingly disparate topics, this eclectic collection of minibooks fits together nicely . . . will be a valuable resource for researchers."

–Glen P. Miller, University of New Hampshire, in Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2007, Vol. 129, No. 19

Table of Contents

The Element Carbon; Frank Hennrich, Valerie Moore, Marco Rolandi, and Mike O’Connell

Allotropes of Carbon

History

Structure

Progress of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Research toward Application

References

Synthesis of Carbon Nanotubes; David Mann

Introduction

CNT Synthesis Methods Overview

Specifics of CVD Growth Method

Recent Advances in SWCNT Growth Control

Conclusion

References

Carbon Nanotube Peapod Materials; Satishkumar B. Chikkannanavar, Brian W. Smith, and David E. Luzzi

Introduction and Historical Perspective

C60@SWNT

Beyond C60: Other Hierarchical Nanotube Materials

Ordered Phases of Fullerenes in Larger Nanotubes

Double-Wall Carbon Nanotubes

Conclusions and Future Prospects

Acknowledgments

References

Carbon Nanotube Electronics and Devices; Marcus Freitag

Metallic Carbon Nanotubes

Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes

Outlook and Challenges

References

Magnetic Properties; Junichiro Kono and Stephan Roche

Introduction

Theoretical Perspectives

Experimental Results

Acknowledgments

References

Raman Spectroscopy of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Probing Electronic and Chemical Behavior; Stephen K. Doorn, Daniel Heller, Monica Usrey, Paul Barone, and Michael S. Strano

Introduction

Resonance Raman Studies of Carbon Nanotubes

Raman Characterization of Nanotube Samples and Nanotube Reactivity

Conclusions

References

Electromechanical Properties and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes; Randal J. Grow

Introduction

Piezoresistance

Theory of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Carbon Nanotubes

Electrical Measurements of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Suspended Tubes

Electrical Measurements of Strain-Induced Band-Gap Changes in Tubes on a Surface

Conclusion of Piezoresistance of Nanotubes

Electrostatic actuation

Nanoelectromechanical systems

Conclusion

References

Carbon Nanotube-Enabled Materials; Han Gi Chae, Jing Liu, and Satish Kumar

Introduction

Dispersion and Processing Issues

Characterization of Polymer/CNT Composites

CNT Films and Fibers

Polymer/CNT Composite Films and Fibers

Crystallization, Wrapping, Interaction, and Intercalation

Concluding Remarks

Acknowledgment

References

Functionalized Carbon Nanotubes in Composites; Christopher A. Dyke and James M. Tour

Introduction

SWNT Preparation and Characterization

Functionalized SWNTs

Carbon Nanotube-Modified Composites

Conclusions

Acknowledgments

References

Carbon Nanotube Tips for Scanning Probe Microscopy; C. Patrick Collier

Carbon nanotubes as AFM probes

Fabrication of nanotube probe tips

AFM imaging with nanotube probes

Applications of carbon nanotube probes

Future directions

Acknowledgments

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science
TEC027000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Nanotechnology & MEMS