Captain Philip Carteret sailed to the South Seas as second in command to Samuel Wallis on a voyage of discovery of the Southern Continent. Separating from Wallis at the exit to the Strait of Magellan he went on to make an independent voyage which has earned him the reputation of being the ablest and most ill-fated of Cook's immediate precursors. Handicapped by a defective ship and inadequate supplies he made a spirited attempt to carry out his instructions. While Wallis was enjoying the delights of Tahiti, Carteret on a more southerly track rediscovered the long lost Spanish discoveries of Santa Cruz and the Solomon Islands, and then became involved in a bitter dispute with the Dutch in Celebes which almost ended in open warfare. This edition presents the first full account of the voyage. It is based on Carteret's own manuscript Journals including one which Carteret wrote with a view to publication to correct the misrepresentation of John Hawkesworth's Voyages (1773). Supplemented by letters and other documents from English and Dutch archives, these manuscripts throw light on various controversial topics, such as the conduct of Wallis and the Admiralty, the Patagonian giants, Carteret's quarrel with the Dutch, and the rights and wrongs in the dispute following the publication of Voyages. Maps drawn on the voyage are reproduced. The main pagination of this and the following volume (Second Series 125) is continuous. This is a new print-on-demand hardback edition of the volume first published in 1965.