Case Studies in Physiology and Nutrition  book cover
1st Edition

Case Studies in Physiology and Nutrition

ISBN 9781420088779
Published September 15, 2009 by CRC Press
176 Pages 4 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

Today’s knowledge of human health demands a multidisciplinary understanding of medically related sciences, and Case Studies in the Physiology of Nutrition answers the call. Dedicated to the integration of nutrition science with physiology, this text cohesively incorporates descriptions of human problems in order to stimulate students’ critical thinking about how the body integrates various physiological factors to maintain homeostasis.

Contains Key Points, Vocabulary Exercises, and Critical Thinking Problems
This textbook uses short story-type case studies about fictional individuals who have health problems in order to address a range of issues in an approachable manner. The studies vary in difficulty, with some being straightforward with very simple answers, while others require in-depth thinking and literature research to solve. Each study presents patient background, symptoms, clinical finding, and questions to ponder. Upon qualifying course adoption, this book also includes a valuable instructor’s manual, which provides solutions to exercises, problem analysis, and resolution to each case study.

This ready-to-implement resource addresses:

  • Homeostasis
  • Obesity and malnutrition
  • Anemia and diabetes
  • Nutrient–gene expression
  • Immune system
  • Food safety
  • Aging and nutrition
  • Muscle and bone studies

Case Studies in the Physiology of Nutrition provides an understanding of nutritional components by defining biochemical, mechanical, and physical functions. Its unique approach will aid students in relating functionality to system failure as well as understanding the role of environment in health and nutrition.

Table of Contents

How to Use This Book

What Is a Case Study?

Sample Case Study: Derrick’s Malaise

Where Can I Find the Answers to These Problems?

Where Does the Analysis Part Come In?

Key Words and Their Meanings: Look Up the Unfamiliar Terms

Read the Relevant Literature

Organize Your Information

Prepare a Summary for Yourself of the Previous Key Points

What Do the Terms Used in This Book Mean?


What Is a Disease?

How Is Disease Studied? Who Studies Disease?

Do We Keep Track of Disease?

What Causes a Disease to Develop?

What Are Signs and Symptoms?

What Kinds of Laboratory Work Could Be Helpful in Describing the Case?

What Kinds of Tissues Can Be Used for Laboratory Assessment?

How Long Does a Disease Last?


What Is Homeostasis?

How Is Homeostasis Regulated?

What Is the Relevance of Homeostatic Control to Our Understanding of the Physiology of Nutrition?

Malnutrition as Part of a Homeostatic Disturbance






Other Instances of Homeostatic Regulation

Growth and Development


Homeostasis in Body Weight Regulation

Treatment of Obesity

Drugs in the Treatment of Obesity

Diet Products

Bariatric Surgery


Causes of Nutritional Anemia

Pharmacological Treatment of Iron Deficiency

Toxicology of Iron Overload

Other Nutrients and Anemia

Non-Nutritional Anemia

Blood Groups

Blood Clotting

White Cells

Blood Pressure

Learning Activity 4.1: Your Nutritional

You Are What You Eat

Dietary Guidelines

Diet Assessment

Nutritional Assessment

Laboratory Tests

How Is Food Used?

How Do We Get the Nutrients in the Food into Our Bodies?


Protein Digestion

Amino Acid Absorption

Carbohydrate Digestion

Carbohydrate Absorption

Lipid Digestion and Absorption

We Are What We Inherit

What Is a Gene? What Is Our Genotype? What Is Our Phenotype? What Is the Difference between the Terms, Genotype and Phenotype?

How Do We Inherit Our Genotype and Phenotype?

How Does Our Environment Shape the Phenotypic Expression of Our Genotype?

Pets and People

How the Immune System Works


Types of Diseases of the Immune System

Food and Health

Food Safety

Food-Borne Pathogens



Eukaryotic Contaminants (Molds and Parasites)



Stones and Bones

Bone Mineralization

Bone Diseases



Skeletal Problems Associated with Renal Disease

Other Diseases of the Bone

Renal Stone Disease

Types of Stones

Age and Nutrition

The Aging Process

Age-Related Changes in Metabolism

Getting from Here to There—Muscle

Types of Muscle and Their Function

How Nutrition Affects Muscle Function

Muscle Problems


*Each chapter includes a Learning Activity and several case studies.

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Carolyn D. Berdanier of the University of Georgia is the author of several landmark references and textbooks on nutrition. She is regarded by her peers as one of the top educators and researchers on nutrition science.