Causatives and Causation: A Universal -typological perspective, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Causatives and Causation

A Universal -typological perspective, 1st Edition

By Jae Jung Song


312 pages

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Paperback: 9780582289185
pub: 1996-08-20
Hardback: 9781138160866
pub: 2017-01-04
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Causatives and Causation is the first comprehensive study of causative constructions found in the world's languages. This important new research, based on a data base of more than 600 languages, not only investigates fully the richness and variety of causative types, but also presents an alternative perspective to the traditional typological approach. The new typology enables a better understanding of how the human mind cognizes causation and how this is reflected in language. Causatives and Causation is also an important attempt to integrate language typology with diachrony by constructing a diachronic model of causative affixes on the basis of this new typology. Drawing on the theoretical insight of Role and Reference Grammar, this book provides a case study of the causative constructions in Korean, providing additional support for both the proposed new typology and the diachronic model. It also examines the pragmatic foundations of causatives, an important but previously unexplored area of study.

Table of Contents




1. Preamble

2. A Typology of causative constructions

Language sample

Some operating terms

The COMPACT type

The AND type

The PURP type

Implicativity: a residual issue

3. The evolution of causative affixes


Other studies on origins of causative affixes

A diachronic model of causative affixes

Causative affixes: a diachronic track-down

Implicativity and reduction

Closing remarks

4. Korean: A PURP-type language


PURP causative and purposive constructions

The Clause Linkage Theory

Clause linkage in PURP causative and purposive constructions

Problems for the Clause Linkage Theory

A diachronic solution to the problems

5. The functional basis of the typology


Implicativity as the distinguishing feature

Cognitive basis of the typology

Pragmatic basis of the typology

6. Comrie's theory of causatives: an alternative interptetation


Comrie's theory of causatives

A critique of Comrie's theory


An alternative interpretation: NP density control

Further evidence for NP density control

7. Finale

Appendix: Data base


Author index

language index

Subject index

About the Series

Longman Linguistics Library

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
LANGUAGE ARTS & DISCIPLINES / Linguistics / General