1st Edition

Cellulose Development, Processing, and Applications

    334 Pages 76 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    Cellulose: Development, Processing, and Applications covers topics related to advanced cellulose development and processing, as well as the utilization of major agricultural and biomass waste. It discusses the utilization of cellulose from other agricultural and biomass materials, including oil palm biomass, bamboo, and other non-wood forest products in emerging areas. It covers the treatments used to improve the quality of cellulosic materials in specific applications. Following that, the book delves into the use of cellulosic materials in the application of composting science and technology.


    • Delves into the specific agriculture waste/biomass waste materials used for the advanced cellulose-based production
    • Outlines the potential use of the covered materials for energy production and other emerging applications
    • Includes composting technology and processes using the cellulosic materials
    • Overviews industrial applications of cellulose from agricultural waste/biomass waste and composting technology
    • Discusses the main agricultural waste/biomass in the Asian region

    This book is aimed at researchers and graduate students in chemical engineering, bioprocessing, composites, and biotechnology.

    Chapter 1. Introduction

    Abu Zahrim Yaser and Junidah Lamaming

    Chapter 2. A Brief Overview of the Use of Bamboo Biomass in the Asian Region’s Energy Production

    Siti Ayu Aziz and Mohd Sani Sarjadi

    Chapter 3. Pre-treatment of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunches with Sea Water Improves the Qualities of Lignocellulose Biomass

    Siti Ayu Aziz, Sabrina Soloi, Mohd Hafiz Abd Majid, Juferi Idris, Md Lutfor Rahman, and Mohd Sani Sarjadi

    Chapter 4. Biorefinery of Biofuel Production: Thermochemical and Biochemical Technologies from Renewable Resources

    Tan Kean Meng, Muaz Mohd Zaini Makhtar, Muhammed Aidiel Asyraff Mohmad Hatta, and Mohd Asyraf Kassim

    Chapter 5. Review on the Current Updates on Palm Oil Industry and its Biomass Recycling to Fertilizer in Malaysia

    Rozelyn Ignesia Raymond and Khim Phin Chong

    Chapter 6. Wastewater as Nutrient Enhancer and Moisturizer for Compost Production: A Review

    Abu Zahrim Yaser and Junidah Lamaming

    Chapter 7. Biocomposites as Structural Components in Various Application

    Siti Noorbaini Sarmin and Nurjannah Salim

    Chapter 8. Natural Fiber Composites for Automotive Applications

    Noor Afeefah Nordin

    Chapter 9. Influence of Cellulose Nanocrystals from Agro Residues as Reinforcing Agent for Cement Composites

    Santhana Krishnan, Dianah Mazlan, Mohd Fadhil MD Din, Mohd Nasrullah, and Sumate Chaiprapat

    Chapter 10. All-Cellulose Composites: Processing, Properties, and Applications

    Supachok Tanpichai

    Chapter 11. Cellulose-Based Bioadhesive for Wood-Based Composite Applications

    Ahsan Rajib Promie, Afroza Akter Liza, Md Nazrul Islam, Atanu Kumar Das, Md Omar Faruk, Sumaya Haq Mim, and Kallol Sarker

    Chapter 12. Deriving Renewable Feedstock from Palm Oil Mill Effluent for Polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) Production

    Gobi Kanadasan, Vel Murugan Vadivelu, and Muaz Mohd Zaini Makhtar

    Chapter 13. Recent Developments in Pre-Treatment and Nanocellulose Production from Lignocellulosic Materials

    Asniza Mustapha, Mohd Fahmi Awalludin, Wan Noor Aidawati Wan Nadhari, and Nur Izzaati Saharudin

    Chapter 14. Characteristics of Cellulose Nanocrystals from Sugarcane Bagasse Isolated from Various Methods: A Review

    Eti Indarti, Zalniaty Fonna Rozali, Dewi Yunita, Laila Sonia, and Marwan Mas

    Chapter 15. Applications of Regenerated Cellulose Products

    Kushairi Mohd Salleh, Nur Amira Zainul Armir, Swarna Devi Palanivelu, Amalia Zulkifli, and Sarani Zakaria

    Chapter 16. Developments and Application of Nanocellulose-Based Hydrogels in the Biomedical Field

    Junidah Lamaming, Sofie Zarina Lamaming, Mohd Hazim Mohamad Amini, and Abu Zahrim Yaser

    Chapter 17. Overview of Cellulose Fiber as Materials for Paper Production

    Nurul Syuhada Sulaiman

    Chapter 18. Challenges and State of the Art of Allium Pulp Development for Paper Making: A Brief Review

    Mohammad Harris M. Yahya and Noor Azrimi Umor

    Chapter 19. Application of Cellulose in Leather

    Victória Vieira Kopp, Vânia Queiroz, Mariliz Gutterres and João Henrique Zimnoch dos Santos

    Chapter 20. Utilization of Cellulose in Wastewater Treatment

    Nur Syazwani Abd Rahman and Norhafizah Saari

    Chapter 21. Comparing Properties and Potential of Pinewood, Dried Tofu and Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Pellet as Cat Litter

    Noor Azrimi Umor, Nurul Hidayah Adenan, Nadya Hajar, Nurul Ain Mat Akil, Nor Haniah A. Malik, Shahrul Ismail, and Zaim Hadi Meskam

    Chapter 22. Challenges and Future Perspectives

    Junidah Lamaming, Abu Zahrim Yaser, and Mohd Sani Sarjadi


    Abu Zahrim Yaser, PhD is an Associate Professor in Waste Processing Technology at the Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Malaysia. He obtained his PhD from Swansea University. He has published 12 books and more than 100 other publications. His inventions in the composting systems have been adopted by Tongod and Nabawan districts in Sabah. He is the co-chair for Kundasang's Community Composting Site, a site dedicated for vegetable waste composting. He is a visiting scientist at the University of Hull.

    Mohd Sani Sarjadi, PhD is currently an Associate Professor in Industrial Chemistry in the Faculty of Science and Natural Resources, Universiti Malaysia Sabah. His PhD was awarded in 2015 and obtained from the University of Sheffield, United Kingdom. His research interests include organic synthesis, polymer chemistry and all aspects of industrial chemistry. He had published numerous articles in local and international refereed journals and conference proceedings. He is an Associate Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry, United Kingdom (Chartered Chemist); Associate Member of the Malaysian Institute of Chemistry; and Professional Technologist (Material Science Technology), Malaysia Board of Technologists.

    Junidah Lamaming, PhD is currently a fellow researcher at Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Sabah. She obtained her PhD in 2016 in the field of nanocellulose and nanofiber science and technology from Universiti Sains Malaysia, Malaysia. She was rewarded an IAAM Scientist Award from International Association of Advanced Materials. Her research interests include nanocellulose fiber and applications, polymer blends, reinforced/filled polymer composites, characterization and production of lignocellulose-based composites and fire-retardants, bioadhesives and biopolymers using sustainable methods. Over the years, she has published articles in a significant number of high impact journals, conference papers and a book in her related research areas. She also contributes her expertise and knowledge by reviewing international and national publications. She is a member of Malaysia Board of Technologists.