Edwin Eckel's exceptionally detailed volume, published in 1928, presents a wealth of information drawing on his own research as well as the work of all the eminent international authorities in the field of lime mortars and cements. It captures the fascinating development of building materials from the nineteenth century through the first quarter of the twentieth century. Of particular interest is the way in which it chronicles the demise of hydraulic cement, followed by the brief meteoric rise in popularity of natural cements, then subsequently their rapid eclipse by Portland cement. This book will be an invaluable resource not only to everyone involved in conservation of traditional buildings but also those concerned with the early modern buildings constructed from Portland cement. The detailed contents and new introductions by Paul Livesey (UK) and William G. Hime (US) can be viewed on the website.
Introduction; Part I Plasters: Composition, distribution, excavation of gypsum; Chemistry of gypsum-burning. Manufacture of plasters; Composition, properties, and tests of plasters; Flooring-plasters and hard-finish plasters; The production and utilization of gypsum; Part II Limes: Composition, origin, and characters of limestones; Lime-burning; Composition and properties of lime; Hydrated lime: its preparation and properties; Manufacture and properties of lime-sand bricks; Part III Magnesia and Oxychloride Cements: Sources and preparation of magnesia; Magnesia bricks and oxychloride cements; Part IV Hydraulic Limes, Selenitic Limes, and Grappier Cements: The theory of hydraulic limes; Eminently hydraulic limes: grappier cements; Feebly hydraulic limes: selenitic limes; Part V Natural Cements: Definition and relations of natural cements; Raw material: natural-cement rock; Manufacture of natural cements; Composition and properties of natural cements; Part VI Portland Cement: Portland cement: preliminary statements; Limestones; Argillaceous limestone, cement rock; Fresh-water marls; Alkali waste: blast-furnace slag; Clays, shales and slates; Excavating the raw materials; Calculation and control of the mix; Preparing the mixture for the kiln; Power and grinding; Cement burning: fixed kilns; The rotary kiln; Heat consumption and heat utilization; Requisites and treatment of kiln fuels; Clinker cooling, grinding, and storage. Use of gypsum; Costs, prices, and production; Constitution, setting, properties, and composition; Physical properties. Testing methods; Specifications for Portland cement; Part VII Puzzolan Cements: Puzzolanic materials in general; Slag cement: requisites and treatment of slag; Slag cement: lime, mixing, and grinding; Slag cement: composition and properties; Slag bricks and slag blocks; Part VIII Alumina Cements and High-Strength Portlands: Alumina cements; raw material supplies; Alumina cements; manufacture, composition and properties; Accelerated or high-strength Portland cements; Index.