The Cold War in Latin America spawned numerous authoritarian and military regimes in response to the ostensible threat of communism in the Western Hemisphere, and with that, a rigid national security doctrine was exported to Latin America by the United States. Between 1964 and 1985, Argentina, Chile, Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uraguay experienced a period of state-sponsored terrorism commonly referred to as the "dirty wars." Thousands of leftists, students, intellectuals, workers, peasants, labor leaders, and innocent civilians were harassed, arrested, tortured, raped, murdered, or 'disappeared.'
Many studies have been done about this phenomenon in the other areas of Latin America, but strangely, Mexico's dirty war has been excluded from this particular scholarship. Here for the first time is a sustained look at this period and consideration of the many facets that make up the nearly two decades of the Mexican dirty war. Offering the reader a broad perspective of the period, the case studies in the book present narratives of particular armed revolutionary movements as well as thematic essays on gender, human rights, culture, student radicalism, the Cold War, and the international impact of this state-sponsored terrorism.
Table of Contents
Acronyms and Glossary
Héctor Guillermo Robles Garnica
Introduction: The Unknown Mexican Dirty War
Fernando Calderón and Adela Cedillo
1. "Madera 1965: Primeros Vientos"
2. Seizing Hold of Memories in Moments of Danger: Guerrillas and Revolution in Guerrero, Mexico
3. At the Vanguard of the Revolution: The Revolutionary Action Movement (MAR) and the Armed Struggle
Verónica Oikión Solano
4. "Por la reunificación de los Pueblos Libres de América en su Lucha por el Socialismo": The Chicana/o Movement, the PPUA and and the Dirty War in Mexico in the 1970s
Alan Eladio Gómez
5. From Books to Bullets: Youth Radicalism and Urban Guerrillas in Guadalajara
Fernando Herrera Calderón
6. A Revolutionary Group Fighting Against a Revolutionary State: The September 23rd Communist League Against the PRI-State (1973-1975)
7. Armed Struggle Without Revolution: The Organizing Process of the National Liberation Forces (FLN) and the Genesis of Neo-Zapatismo (1969-1983)
8. Subjugating the Nation: Woman and the Guerrilla Experience
9. Armed Forces and Counterinsurgency: Origins of the Dirty War (1965 - 1982)
Jorge Luis Sierra
10. Transcending Violence: A Crisis of Memory and Documentation
Fernando Herrera Calderón is Visiting Assistant Professor at Beloit College.
Adela Cedillo is a graduate student in Latin American Studies at the National Autonomous University of Mexico. She's the author of El fuego y el silencio: Historia de las Fuerzas de Liberacion Nacional de Mexico (1969-1974), the first comprehensive history on the organization that gave birth to the Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN).