Bringing together scholars from Europe and North America, this book examines the engagement of legislatures across the world in foreign and security policy. The articles are specifically chosen to cover the whole range of foreign affairs questions from crisis management and military missions, arms trade, the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) of the European Union (EU), international energy agreements, to international trade negotiations. Drawing on a principal-agent framework, the book challenges the conventional wisdom of ‘executive autonomy’ in foreign affairs, with parliaments using multiple ex ante and ex post instruments to monitor, oversee and control governments in external relations. Moving beyond the ‘politics stops at the water’s edge’ image, the articles highlight the role of party-political contestation instead of consensus in the name of national interest structuring parliamentary debates and decision-making in this increasingly politicized issue area. Considering the lack of research on parliamentary participation in foreign affairs beyond the specific case of the U.S. Congress, the book will also contribute to theory building and will deepen our understanding of legislative-executive relations. The chapters originally published as a special issue in West European Politics.
1. Towards parliamentarisation of foreign and security policy? Tapio Raunio and Wolfgang Wagner 2. The party politics of legislative–executive relations in security and defence policy Wolfgang Wagner, Anna Herranz-Surrallés, Juliet Kaarbo and Falk Ostermann 3. Legislatures and civil–military relations in the United States and the United Kingdom David P. Auerswald 4. Precedents, parliaments, and foreign policy: historical analogy in the House of Commons vote on Syria Juliet Kaarbo and Daniel Kenealy 5. Curbing the royal prerogative to use military force: the British House of Commons and the conflicts in Libya and Syria Patrick A. Mello 6. France’s reluctant parliamentarisation of military deployments: the 2008 constitutional reform in practice Falk Ostermann 7. Public critic or secretive monitor: party objectives and legislative oversight of the military in Canada Philippe Lagassé and Stephen M. Saideman 8. Japan’s uncertain security environment and changes in its legislative–executive relations Alexandra Sakaki and Kerstin Lukner 9. Parliamentary scrutiny of the EU’s Common Foreign and Security Policy Annika Herbel 10. Energy diplomacy under scrutiny: parliamentary control of intergovernmental agreements with third-country suppliers Anna Herranz-Surrallés 11. TTIP and legislative–executive relations in EU trade policy Davor Jančić