Challenging the Prevailing Paradigm of Displacement and Resettlement
Risks, Impoverishment, Legacies, Solutions
Development-caused forced displacement and resettlement (DFDR) is a critical problem on the international development agenda. The frequency of forced displacements is rapidly increasing, the sheer numbers of uprooted and impoverished people reveal fast accelerating trends, whilst government reporting remains poor and misleading. Challenging the Prevailing Paradigm of Displacement and Resettlement analyzes widespread impoverishment outcomes, risks to human rights, and other adverse impacts of displacement; it documents under-compensation of expropriated people, critiques cost externalization on resettlers, and points a laser light on the absence of protective, robust, and binding legal frameworks in the overwhelming majority of developing countries.
In response, this book proposes constructive solutions to improve quality and measure the outcomes of forced resettlement, prevent the mass-manufacturing of new poverty, promote social justice, and respect human rights. It also advocates for the reparation of bad legacies left behind by failed resettlement. It brings together prominent scholars and practitioners from several countries who argue that states, development agencies, and private sector corporations which trigger displacements must adopt a "resettlement with development" paradigm. Towards this end, the book’s co-authors translate cutting edge research into legal, economic, financial, policy, and pragmatic operational recommendations. An inspiring and compelling guide to the field, Challenging the Prevailing Paradigm of Displacement and Resettlement will be of interest to university faculty, government officials, private corporations, researchers, and students in anthropology, economics, sociology, law, political science, human geography, and international development.
Table of Contents
1. Challenging the prevailing paradigm of displacement and resettlement: its evolution, and constructive ways of improving it Michael M. Cernea and Julie K. Maldonado
Part I. The livelihood risks and impacts of forced displacement and resettlement
2. Cost externalization impoverishes resettlers: findings from hydropower projects Chen Shaojun
3. Protecting against impoverishment risks in the mining industry John R. Owen and Deanna Kemp
4. Problems endure despite policies: urban livelihoods after forced displacement Dolores Koenig
5. Boomtown risks and community harm in an infrastructure project: sexual abuse and forced displacement under Uganda's transportation project Elana Berger and Moses Ntenga
6. Dilemmas of conservation-displacement from protected areas Asmita Kabra
Part II. Crafting solutions: resettlement legislation, ethics, and accountability
7. Comparing China’s and the World Bank’s displacement policies over time: the ascent of the 'resettlement with development' paradigm Shi Guoqing
8. Investing in resettlement and benefit-sharing in China: new paradigm, approaches, challenges, and prospects Duan Yuefang
9. A relevant case of the World Bank exercising its political will Natalie Bugalski, Mark Grimsditch and David Pred
10. Addressing legacy with reparations: restoring the livelihood of the displaced Maya Achi’ Indigenous Peoples in Guatemala Carmen Albertos
11. Responsibilities overseas and accountability at home: a new kind of legal case in Germany against dam-caused displacement in Sudan Valerie Hänsch and Miriam Saage-Maaß
12. Climate change and displacement: challenges and needs to address an imminent reality Robin Bronen, Julie K. Maldonado, Elizabeth Marino and Preston Hardison
13. The need for national-level legal protection for populations displaced by expropriation: laws on land acquisition and resettlement in 50 countries Nicholas K. Tagliarino
14. Human Rights: why and how the World Bank should pursue abuse-free development and protect against rights violations linked to its projects Jessica Evans
Michael M. Cernea is former World Bank Senior Advisor for Social Policies and Sociology, Honorary Professor of Social Development and Resettlement at Hohai University, China, Emeritus Professor of Three Gorges University, China, Elected Member of Academia Romana, Recipient of the American Anthropological Association Solon Kimball Award for the cause of ‘Putting People First’, of the Society for Applied Anthropology Bronislaw Malinowski Prize, and of the Society of Romania’s Sociologists Omnia Opera Award.
Julie K. Maldonado is Director of Research for the Livelihoods Knowledge Exchange Network (LiKEN), Lecturer in the Environmental Studies Program at the University of California-Santa Barbara, USA, works with the Institute for Tribal Environmental Professionals, and co-facilitates Rising Voices: Collaborative Science with Indigenous Knowledge for Climate Solutions.