This book looks at the operation of indigenous charities at a regional, localised and global level. Chapters focus on the adaptation, accountability and operation of charities across a wide range of jurisdictions from China to Indonesia, Thailand, Iran, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Lebanon and Turkey. It examines the ownership, participation and accountability of charities in a regional, localised and international context, and draws on the experiences and operation of charities. By presenting a cross-disciplinary exploration of the operation of charities, the book offers an interesting insight into the functioning and identification of the influencing factors impacting the operation of charities.
'The sixteen papers that have been selected to make up this book are packed with detailed researched facts on individual cases, and, put together, they ask probing questions about why people do good, what happens when they do, and what circumstances govern their decisions. The introduction by the editors highlights the question of accountability, especially to whom doers of good should be accountable to. The papers show that under colonial rule, in war, in changing social and economic climates, those questions have to be understood in their own nuances. Philanthropy, of course, is more than alleviating poverty, and it is through comparative research as presented in this book that the many facets of its character can come to be appreciated.' – David Faure, Wei Lun Professor of History, Chinese University of Hong Kong
'Charities are a critical element of civil society, the area of human organisation which lies between the state and the populace. But charities have had a complex and sometimes conflict-ridden relationship with states. This fascinating volume, with essays ranging from Japan to Saudi Arabia and Africa, illuminates this important aspect of modernity.' – C. A. Bayly, University of Cambridge
Introduction Rajeswary Ampalavanar Brown and Justin Pierce Part 1 1. ‘Everything is Politics’: Understanding the Political Dimensions of NGO Legitimacy in Conflict-affected Regions Oliver Walton 2. The Role and Governance of Islamic Faith Organisations in South Africa Justin Pierce 3. Co-operatives and the State in Burma/Myanmar 1900 – 2012: A Case Study of Failed Top-Down Co-Operative Development Models? Anthony Webster 4. Charity Reconstructed: The Transformation of Social Welfare in Rural Japan in the Nineteenth Century Maren Ehlers Part 2 5. Private Charities and the Public Good Institutional Memory of Plague Prevention in Manchuria Thomas Dubois 6. Re-form Hui identity and the Communal Network in the Imperial Extension from Ming to Qing in Southwest Chinese Frontier Ma Jianxiong 7. Universalistic Humanitarianism in Mainland China: A Case Study of a French NGO Gilles Guiheux and Khun Eng Kuah-Pearce 8. In the World But Not Of the World: Governing Christian Charities in Contemporary China Nanlai Cao Part 3 9. Boundaries of Non-state Welfare Provision: Comparative Evidence from Turkey, Sudan and Germany Fulya Apaydin 10. The Diversity of Islamic Charitable Activities: Analytical Distinctions Among Shi’a Muslim Organizations in Lebanon Melani Cammett 11. Saudi Charitable Impulse Abroad: The Coercive Power of Belief and Money in Thailand Rajeswary Ampalavanar Brown 12. Sa’udi Charity To Hadhramaut As A Bone of Contention: The Hijaz Fund Episode, 1949-50 Christian Lekon 13. Comparative Perspective on the Growth and Legal Transformations of Arab (Islamic) Charities Benoit Challand 14. Colonial State and Muslim Institutions: History of Regulatory Framework for Awqaf (Religious Endowments) in British India Muhammad Zubair Abbasi