1st Edition

Cheating and Deception

By J. Bowyer Bell Copyright 1991
    380 Pages
    by Routledge

    479 Pages
    by Routledge

    Cheating and deception are terms often used but rarely defined. They summon up unpleasant connotations; even those deeply involved with cheating and deception rationalize why they have been driven to it. Particularly for Americans and much of Western civilization, official cheating, government duplicity, cheating as policy, and conscious, contrived deception, are all unacceptable except as a last resort in response to threat of extinction. As a distasteful tool, deception is rarely used to achieve national interests, unless in relation to the deployment of military force. As an area of study, it has by and large been ignored.Intrigued by attitudes toward cheating and deception, the authors decided to analyze its roots, structure, and process. They asked fundamental questions: are there categories of deception, general steps in the process of deception, and ways to evaluate its results across time and in different modes? The book that results is a typology of kinds of deception, beginning with military deception, but extending into other categories and stages.In his introduction to this new edition, Bell outlines how the book came to be written, describes the mixed emotions toward the subject displayed by govenmental and nongovernmental funding sources, and speculates about its critical and commercial reception. He discusses widespread new interest in the subject, the research that has been undertaken since this book was first published, and its limitations.This book provides a general overview of this complex subject, creating a framework for analysis of specific instances of cheating or deception. It will be of particular interest to political scientists, those interested in military affairs and strategy, and psychologists. The general reader will find the book written with a light touch, drawing examples of cheating and deception in the pursuit of love and money. The specialist reader will be intrigued by its broad-ranging examples drawn from policy and politics, wars and rumors of wars.

    Introduction to the Transaction Edition, Acknowledgments, Preface, Prologue, PART I: THE NATURE OF DUPLICITY 1. The Prevalence of Guile: The Ruses of War, 2. The Structure of Deceit: A Theory of Cheating, 3. Applied Theory: Wily Warriors, 4. Deceivers and Dupes: Profiles, PART II: CHEATING-THE EIGHTFOLD WAY, 5. Magic, 6. Games and Sports, 7. People and the Everyday World, 8. Public Cheating: Politics, Espionage, and War, PART III: CHEATING THE CHEATERS 9. Illusion and Reality in the Arts, 10. Hoaxes and Self-deception in Art and Science, Epilogue: Counterdeception, Index


    J. Bowyer Bell (1931-2003) was president of International Analysis Center, Inc., a consulting firm focusing on problems of unconventional war, terrorism, deception, risk analysis, and crisis management, and a former senior research associate at the Institute of War and Peace Studies, Columbia University. Barton Whaley is a research professor at the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School. An internationally renowned scholar and authority on deception and counter-deception, Dr. Whaley has also been associated with M.I.T., The American University, the RAND Corporation, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, and the National Intelligence Councils Foreign Denial & Deception Committee (FDDC). He received his Ph.D. in political science from M.I.T.