Chemical Oceanography: 4th Edition (Hardback) book cover

Chemical Oceanography

4th Edition

By Frank J. Millero

CRC Press

591 pages | 462 Color Illus.

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pub: 2013-04-26
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Over the past ten years, a number of new large-scale oceanographic programs have been initiated. These include the Climate Variability Program (CLIVAR) and the recent initiation of the Geochemical Trace Metal Program (GEOTRACES). These studies and future projects will produce a wealth of information on the biogeochemistry of the world’s oceans. Authored by Frank J. Millero, an acknowledged international authority in the field, the fourth edition of Chemical Oceanography maintains the stellar insight that has made it a favorite of students, instructors, researchers, and other professionals in marine science, geochemistry, and environmental chemistry. Reflecting the latest updates on issues affecting the health of our environment, this text:

  • Supplies an in-depth treatment of ocean acidification, a key emerging environmental problem
  • Provides updated coverage on the carbonate system in the ocean
  • Presents expanded information on oceanic organic compounds
  • Contains updates on dissolved organic carbon, phosphate, nitrogen, and metals in the ocean
  • Offers a new definition of salinity and a new equation of the state of seawater based on recent, original research
  • Describes the new thermodynamic equation of the state of seawater
  • Includes full-color graphs and photographs to assist readers in visualizing the concepts presented

For more than two decades, this book has served as the "classic" textbook for students and a valuable reference for researchers in the fields of oceanography, environmental chemistry, and geochemistry. Designed for both classroom use and self-study, this comprehensive survey of essential concepts incorporates a wealth of state-of-the-art reference data discovered on large-scale oceanographic studies sponsored by the National Science Foundation and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.

Table of Contents

Descriptive Oceanography

Physical Characteristics of the Oceans

Distribution of Temperature and Salinity for Ocean Waters

Circulation and Water Masses of the Oceans

Use of Chemical Tracers in Oceanography

Composition of the Major Components of Seawater

The Concept of Salinity

Methods of Determination

Composition and Stoichiometry of Average Seawater

Methods of Determining Salinity

Causes of the Major Components Not Being Conservative

Isotopic Variations

Minor Elements in Seawater

Classification of Elements

Residence Times

Distribution of Trace Elements in the Oceans

Biological Interactions

Geochemical Balance of Elements

Ionic Interactions

Water, the Unique Solvent

Review of the Structure of Water

Ion–Water Interactions

Ion–Ion Interactions

Physical Properties of Seawater

Atmospheric Chemistry

Nitrogen Gases

Greenhouse Gases

Effects of Global Change

Loss of Ozone

The Global Sulfur Cycle

Atmospheric Aerosols

Dissolved Gases Other than CO2

Composition of the Atmosphere

Dissolution of Gases in Seawater

Air–Sea Exchange

Nonreactive Gases

Dissolved Oxygen in Seawater

Other Nonconservative Gases

Structural Aspects of the Solubility of Gases

The Carbonate System

Acid–Base Equilibria in Seawater

Equilibria of Carbonate Species

Parameters of the CO2 System in Seawater

Distribution of Carbonate Species

CaCO3 Dissolution in Seawater

Fossil Fuel CO2 Input to the Oceans

Micronutrients in the Oceans

Phosphorus in Seawater

Nitrogen Compounds in Seawater

Silicon in Seawater

Use of Nutrients as Water Mass Tracers

Primary Production in the Oceans

Primary Production

The Iron Hypothesis

Microbial Transformations

Dissolved and Particulate Organic Compounds in Seawater

Processes in the Oceans

Photochemical Processes in Seawater

Hydrothermal Vent Chemistry

Anoxic Waters

Glossary of Chemical Oceanography Terms

Descriptive Oceanography

Major Components of Seawater

Minor Elements in Seawater

Ionic Interactions in Seawater

Atmospheric Chemistry

Dissolved Gases Other than CO2

The Carbonate System

Micronutrients in the Oceans

Primary Production in the Oceans

Organic Compounds

Processes in the Oceans

Photochemical Processes

Hydrothermal Vent Chemistry

Anoxic Waters



About the Author

Frank J. Millero is a world-renowned marine researcher and professor of undergraduate and graduate courses at the University of Miami’s Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science for the past 46 years. His research focuses on the application of physical chemical principles to natural waters. He uses chemical models to understand how ionic interactions affect the thermodynamics and kinetics of processes occurring in the oceans. These studies have resulted in numerous research cruises in the Indian, Pacific, Atlantic, and Southern oceans and the Arabian Sea. Over the years, he has received a number of awards for his teaching and research accomplishments. He serves as an associate editor for a number of journals and is presently editor-in-chief of Marine Chemistry.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Organic
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geology
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Biology / Marine Biology
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / General