This timely volume provides an overview of polymer characterization test methods and presents experimental research in polymers using modern methods. Each chapter describes the principle of the respective method, as well as the detailed procedures of experiments with examples of actual applications and demonstrates the advantages and disadvantages of each physical technique. Thus, readers will be able to apply the concepts as described in the book to their own experiments.
The successful characterization of polymer systems is one of the most important objectives of today’s experimental research of polymers. Considering the tremendous scientific, technological, and economic importance of polymeric materials, especially in industry, it is impossible to overestimate the usefulness of experimental techniques in this field. Since the chemical, pharmaceutical, medical, and agricultural industries, as well as many others, depend on this progress to an enormous degree, it is critical to be as efficient, precise, and cost-effective in our empirical understanding of the performance of polymer systems as possible. This presupposes our proficiency with, and understanding of, the most widely used experimental methods and techniques.
The methods and instrumentation described in this volume represent modern analytical techniques useful to researchers, product development specialists, and quality control experts in polymer synthesis and manufacturing. Engineers, polymer scientists, and technicians will find this volume useful in selecting approaches and techniques applicable to characterizing molecular, compositional, rheological, and thermodynamic properties of elastomers and plastics.
Table of Contents
SECTION I: LABORATORY TECHNIQUES AND ANALYSIS
Recovery Technology of Depleted Oil Fields; E. Aleksandrov, S. Varfolomeev, G.Zaikov, V. Lidgi-Goryaev, and A. Petrov
Effect of Polystyrene/Fullerene Composites on the Lipid Peroxidation in Blood Serum; Olga V. Alekseeva, Olga G. Sitnikova, Nadezhda A. Bagrovskaya, and Andrew V. Noskov
Characterization of a Pearlescent Biaxially Oriented Multilayer Polypropylene Film; Esen Arkis, Hayrullah Cetinkaya, Isil Kurtulus, Utku Ulucan, Arda Aytac, Beste Balci, Funda Colak, Ece Topagac Germen, Gulistan Kutluay, Begum Can Dilhan, andDevrim Balkose
Porous Structure of Cellulose Treated by Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as Studied by Spin Probes Technique; Alexander L. Kovarski, Olga N. Sorokina, Anatolii B. Shapiro, and Lev N. Nikitin
Melting Behavior of Polypropylenes of Different Chemical Structure; Yu. K. Lukanina, A. V. Khvatov, N. N. Kolesnikova, and A. A. Popov
Research of Possible Synthesis of Alkyd-Styrene Resins; K. I. Vinhlinskaya, N. R. Prokopchuk, andA. L. Shutova
Peculiarities of Mineral Nutrition of Cereals in Aluminum-Acid Soil Conditions; Lyudmila N. Shikhova, Eugene M. Lisitsyn, andGalina A. Batalova
Phase Equilibrium and Diffusion in the Systems of Ethylene-Aminopropyltriethoxysilane Copolymers; N. E. Temnikova, O. V. Stoyanov, ¿. ¿. Chalykh, V.K. Gerasimov, S. N. Rusanova, and S. Yu. Sofina
Technology of Restoration of Oil Production on Abandoned Oil Fields; E. Aleksandrov, S. Varfolomeev, M. Chertenkov, G. Zaikov, V. Zavolzhsky, V. Lidgi-Goryaev, and A. Petrov
Alkali Metal Metaphosphates as Inorganic Polymers; B. S Alikhadzhieva
Inorganic Polymers Semiconductor Materials; B. S Alikhadzhieva
Incombustible Polyetherformalterephtaloyl-Di(N-Oxibenzoat); Z. S. Khasbulatova
Polyesters and Their Application; Z. S. Khasbulatova
Entropic Criteria in Economics and Physic Chemistry; N. G. Petrova, G. A. Korablev, and G. E. Zaikov
SECTION II: DESIGN METHODOLOGIES AND PROMISING TECHNIQUES
The Simulations of Carbon Nanotubes (Nanofilaments) as Macromolecular Coils: Nanocomposites Reinforcement Degree; Abdulakh K. Mikitaev, Georgiy V. Kozlov, andGennady E. Zaikov
Structure, Interactions and Kinetics of Ring-Like Formations of Carbon Nanotubes (Nanofibers) in Polymer Nanocomposites; A. K. Mikitaeva, G. V. Kozlova, and G. E. Zaikov
Structural, Morphological and Optical Properties of Nanoproducts of Zirconium Target Laser Ablation in Water and Aqueous SDS Solutions; V. T. Karpukhin, M. M. Malikov, T. I. Borodina, G. E. Valyano, O. A. Gololobova, and D. A. Strikanov
Calcium Soap Lubricants; Alaz Izer, Tugce Nefise Kahyaoglu, and Devrim Balköse
A New Approach to the Creation ¿arbon-Polymer Nanocomposites with Polyethylene as a Binder; Sergei V Kolesov, Marina V Bazunova, Elena I Kulish, Denis R Valiev, and Gennady E Zaikov
Thermooxidation of the Blends Low Density Polyethylene and Butyl Rubber; T. V. Monakhova, L. S. Shibryaeva , N. N. Kolesnikova, A. I. Sergeev, S. G. Karpova, and A. A. Popov
Nanofibrous Web forRemoval of Bacterial; Motahareh Kanafchian, Mohammad Kanafchian, and A. K. Haghi
Model Representations of the Effect of Temperature on Resistance Polypropylene Filled With Carbon Black; N. N. Komova and G. E. Zaikov
Environmental Durability of Powder Polyester Paint Coatings; ¿. N. Kukhta, N. R. Prokopchuk, and B. A. Howell
A Note on Viscometry of Chitosan in Acetic Acid Solution; Valentina Chernova, Irina Tuktarova, Elena Kulish, Gennady Zaikov, and Alfiya Galina
Magnetic Properties of Organic Paramagnets; M.D. Goldfein, E.G. Rozantsev, and N.V. Kozhevnikov
Hyperbranched 1,4-Cis+1,2-Polybutadiene Synthesis Using Novel Catalytic Dithiosystems; Shahab Hasan Oglu Akhyari, Fuzuli Akber Oglu Nasirov, Erol Erbay, and Nazil Fazil Oglu Janibayov
Cobalt Alkylxhanthogenate+ Trialkylaluminum Catalytic Dithiosystems for Synthesis of Syndiotactic 1,2-Polybutadiene; Nemat Akif Oglu Guliyev, Fuzuli Akber Oglu Nasirov, andNazil Fazil Oglu Janibayov
Siloxane Matrix With Methylpropionate Side Groups and Polymer Electrolyte Membranes on Their Basis; Natia Jalagonia, Izabela Esartia, Tamar Tatrishvili, Eliza Markarashvili, Donari Otiashvili, Jimsher Aneli, and Omar Mukbaniani
Composites on the Basis of Glycidoxygroup Containing Phenylsilsesquioxanes; Marina Iskakova, Eliza Markarashvili, Jimsher Aneli, and Omar Mukbaniani
The Comparative Study of Thermostable Protein Macromolecular Complexes (Cell Proteomics) From Different Organisms; D. Dzidzigiri, M. Rukhadze, I. Modebadze, N. Giorgobiani, L. Rusishvili, G. Mosidze, E. Tavdishvili, and E. Bakuradze
Dr. Kajetan Pyrzynski is a specialist in the fields of organic chemistry, physical chemistry, and chemical technology. He is president of P. I. W. Delta Company in Poland. He established the company for realization of chemical ideas for practices: research, development, production. He has published about 100 scientific papers and one book. Some years ago he was Consul of Poland in Republic of Peru.
Grzegorz Nyszko, PhD, is the director of Military Institute of Chemistry and Radiometry in Warsaw, Poland. He has published several papers in international journals. He has worked in several capacities at the Military Institute of Chemistry and Radiometry, including research and development deputy director and CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear) Defence Equipment Standardization Committee Leader.
Gennady E. Zaikov, DSc, is head of the Polymer Division at the N. M. Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, and professor at Moscow State Academy of Fine Chemical Technology, Russia, as well as professor at Kazan National Research Technological University, Kazan, Russia. He is also a prolific author, researcher, and lecturer. He has received several awards for his work, including the Russian Federation Scholarship for Outstanding Scientists. He has been a member of many professional organizations and on the editorial boards of many international science journals.