Chemistry & Physics of Carbon: Volume 30, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Chemistry & Physics of Carbon

Volume 30, 1st Edition

Edited by Ljubisa R. Radovic

CRC Press

264 pages | 161 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2007-12-20
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Description

Written by distinguished researchers in carbon, the long-running Chemistry and Physics of Carbon series provides a comprehensive and critical overview of carbon in terms of molecular structure, intermolecular relationships, bulk and surface properties, and their behavior in an amazing variety of current and emerging applications, ranging from nanotechnology to environmental remediation. Volume 30 not only retains the high-quality content and reputation of previous volumes, but also complements them with reliable and timely coverage of the latest advances in the field.

The first chapters analyze progressive approaches to controlling more precisely the structure, morphology, and surface properties of novel activated carbons. They cover methods using activating agents such as alkaline hydroxides as well as endo- and exotemplates made from zeolites, silica, and colloidal crystals. The third chapter examines techniques for characterizing carbon surface chemistry, including electrochemical, spectroscopic, and chromatographic methods. The fourth and final chapter compares the virtues of exfoliated graphite, carbonized fir fibers, carbon fiber felt, and charcoals in solving oil spill problems, a matter of increasing environmental concern.

Emphasizing key experimental results, practical aspects, and cutting-edge applications in every chapter, Volume 30 is a vital resource for those developing new technologies such as drug delivery, adsorbents for oil/chemical spills, materials processing, high-performance nanocarbons, and energy storage and conversion devices, including lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells.

Table of Contents

Carbon Activation by Alkaline Hydroxides: Preparation and Reactions, Porosity and Performance; A. Linares-Solano, D. Lozano-Castelló, M.A. Lillo-Ródenas, and D. Cazorla-Amorós

Preparation and Variables

Singular Characteristics of Porosity Developed by Alkaline Hydroxide Activation

Reactions Occurring During Activation

Applications of KOH/NaOH Activated Carbons

Concluding Remarks

Template Approaches to Preparing Porous Carbons; F. Su, Z. Zhou, W. Guo, J. Liu, X.N. Tian, and X.S. Zhao

Zeolite-Templated Microporous Carbon

Mesoporous-Silica-Templated Mesoporous Carbon

Nanoparticle-Templated Mesoporous Carbon

Colloidal-Crystal-Templated Macroporous Carbon

er.Templating Approaches to Preparing Carbon

Applications of Templated Porous Carbon

Summary

Characterization of Carbon Surface Chemistry; P. Burg and D. Cagniant.

Introduction: Carbonaceous Materials

Characterization of Surface Chemistry in Terms of Functional Groups

Surface Characterization in Terms of Active, Polar, and Nonpolar Sites

Application of Calorimetric Methods to Characterization of Surface Chemistry

Spectroscopic Characterization of Carbon Surface Chemistry

Characterization of Surface Chemistry in Terms of Molecular Interactions

Conclusions

Sorption of Heavy Oils into Carbon Materials; M. Toyoda, N. Iwashita, and M. Inagaki

Carbon Materials and Heavy Oils Used

Sorption Capacity for Heavy Oils

Selectivity of Sorption

Sorption Kinetics

Cyclic Performance of Carbon Materials for Sorption of Heavy Oils

Heavy Oils Recovered

Preliminary Experiments for Practical Recovery of Spilled Heavy Oils

Concluding Remarks

*Each Chapter Contains an Introduction and References

About the Series

Chemistry and Physics of Carbon

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013030
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Inorganic
SCI013050
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Physical & Theoretical
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science