Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects demonstrates the progress and promise of developing new chemical substances from renewable sources of chemical raw materials. The volume brings together new achievements in the field of research and processing of plant raw materials and the synthesis of natural compounds for the production of biologically active substances and drugs. The volume looks closely at the rational use of renewable raw materials, which is the source of new compounds and intermediates for the chemical industry. It covers a wide range of problems associated with the use of the components of plants to produce new substances with a wide variety of purposes.
According to the latest estimates, plants form about a million chemical substances. In some cases, plant products have pharmacological or biological activity that can be of therapeutic benefit in treating diseases. In addition, due to the structural diversity of plant material, chemical synthesis is easily reachable. Synthetic analogs of natural products with improved potency and safety can be prepared by chemical synthesis. Such synthetic analogs are safer for humans. Plant materials are often used as starting points for drug discovery. Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects presents the theoretical trends and recent practical achievements on complex processing of plant-based raw materials. Low molecular weight components, isolated from plant material, are widely used in fine organic synthesis. High molecular weight polysaccharides of conifers and other greens, such as pectin and hemicellulose, are the basis for the creation of anticoagulants and other drugs. The range of research papers presented in the book is quite wide: from fundamental and applied problems of wood chemistry and organic synthesis to biological activity of natural compounds.
The book provides valuable information for those skilled in organic chemistry, chemical engineers, researchers and scientists as well as for faculty and upper-level students.
This volume, Chemistry and Technology of Plant Substances: Chemical and Biochemical Aspects, was created on the initiative of Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) and the Institute of Chemistry of Komi Scientific Center of Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Syktyvkar).
Table of Contents
Synthesis and Transformations of 2, 3-Secotriterpene Derivatives of Betulin
Irina A. Tolmacheva, Natalia V. Galaiko, Ekaterina V. Igosheva, Anastasiya V. Konysheva, Alexey V. Nazarov, Gulnaz F. Krainova, Marina N. Gorbunova, Eugene I. Boreko, Vladimir F. Eremin, and Victoria V. Grishko
Synthesis and Membrane-Protective Properties of Sulfur-Containing Derivatives of Monoterpenoides with Monosaccharide Fragments
Aleksandr V. Kutchin, Svetlana V. Pestova, Evgeny S. Izmest'ev, Oksana G. Shevchenko, and Svetlana A. Rubtsova
The Synthesis and Properties of New Oxygen and Nitrogen Containing Terpene Acid Derivatives
Maksim P. Bei and Anatolij P. Yuvchenko
Structural and Chemical Modification of Cellulose in Phosphotungstic Acid: Formic Acid System and Sulfation Prepared Derivatives
Elena V. Udoratina and Michael A. Torlopov
Effect of Complexation with Phospholipids and Polarity of Medium on the Reactivity of Phenolic Antioxidants
Lyudmila N. Shishkina, Lidiya I. Mazaletskaya, Kseniya M. Marakulina, Yuliya K. Lukanina, Irina G. Plashchina, and Nataliya I. Sheludchenko
Biocatalytic Conversion of Lignocellulose Materials to Fatty Acids and Ethanol with Subsequent Esterification
Sergey D. Varfolomeev, Marina A. Gladchenko, Sergey N. Gaydamaka, Valentina P. Murygina, Violetta B. Volieva, Nona L. Komissarova, Farid M. Gumerov, Rustem A. Usmanov, and Elena V. Koversanova
Mechanism of Ammonia Immobilization by Peat and Obtaining of Peat-Based Sorbent
Alexander R. Tsyganov, Aleksey Em. Tomson, Victor P. Strigutskiy, Victoriya S. Pehtereva, Tamara V. Sokolova, Svetlana B. Selyanina, Marina V. Trufanova, and Tamara Ig. Ponomareva
Problem of Modification of Technical Lignins Using Acylation Method
Andrey V. Protopopov, Danil D. Efryushin, and Vadim V. Konshin
Compounds of Plant Origin as AMP-Activated Protein Kinase Activators
Daria S. Novikova, Gleb S. Ivanov, Alexander V. Garabadzhiu, and Viacheslav G. Tribulovich
Effects of Low Doses of Savory Essential Oil Dietary Supplementation on Lifetime and the Fatty Acid Composition of the Ageing Mice Tissues
Tamara A. Misharina, Valery N. Yerokhin, and Lujdmila D. Fatkullina
Technology for Obtaining of Biopreparations and Investigation of Their Effectiveness
Tatyana V. Khurshkainen and Alexander V. Kutchin
Plant Growth and Development Regulators and Their Effect on the Functional State of Mitochondria
Irina V. Zhigacheva and Elena B. Burlakova
Amaranth: Bioindicator of Toxic Soils
Sarra A. Bekuzarova, Johnny G. Kachmazov, and Ekaterina S. Ayskhanova
Antiradical Properties of Essential Oils and Extracts from Spices
Tamara A. Misharina and Ekaterina S. Alinkina
The Chemical Composition of Essential Oils from Wild-Growing and Intoduced Plants of the Astrakhan Region
Anatoly V. Velikorodov, Vyacheslav B. Kovalev, Svyatoslav B. Nosachev, Alexey G. Tyrkov, Maria V. Petelina, and Ekaterina V. Shchepetova
Alexander V. Kutchin, DSc in Chemistry, is a Professor of Organic Chemistry and a Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences as well as Director of the Institute of Chemistry of Komi Scientific Center of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences. He is a leading expert in the field of organic and organometallic synthesis, chemistry, and technology of natural compounds. is the founder of the recognized scientific school "Scientific bases of chemistry and technologies complex processing of vegetal raw material," established in 1994. He has received several honors and awards, including the Nesmeyanov RAS Prize; the Academician I. Ya. Postovskiy Prize; the Order of "For Merit for the Motherland"; the Order of Friendship (Russian Federation); the Sorokin Award issued by the Komi Republic Government, and the Komi Republic Government Award for Contribution to the Field of Science Research (Russian Federation). He has published over 700 scientific papers, including many articles and patents. He is a member of the editorial boards of the journals Russian Chemical Bulletin and Chemistry of Plant Raw Material. His field of interest includes organic synthesis, asymmetric synthesis, chemistry of natural compounds, medicinal chemistry, and biotechnology.
Lyudmila N. Shishkina, DSc in Chemistry, is a Professor of Biophysics and Head of Department of Physicochemical Problems in Radiobiology and Ecology at the Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. She is also a member of the Scientific Counsel of the Russian Academy of Sciences on Radiobiology. She is laureate of the medal "In Memory of Academician N. M. Emanuel" for achievements in chemical and biochemical physics. She has given several invited lectures and oral presentations at different international conferences. Her work includes over 200 research publications in different leading Russian and international journals and textbooks, two monographs, and several author certifications. Her fields of interest include biochemical physics, chemical kinetics, regulation of oxidation processes in systems of different complexity, radiobiology, and physicochemical ecology.
Larissa I. Weisfeld, PhD, is a senior researcher at the Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; a member of the All-Russia Vavilov Society of Geneticists and Breeders; the author of about 300 publications in scientific journals as well as several patents and conference proceedings; and the co-author of publications on three new cultivars of winter wheat. Her main field of interest concerns basic problems of chemical mutagenesis, mutational selection, and the mechanism of action of para-amonobensoic acid. She has worked as a scientific editor in the publishing house Nauka (Moscow) and in the journals Genetics and Ontogenesis. She has co-edited several books with APP, including Ecological Consequences of Increasing Crop Productivity: Plant Breeding and Biotic Diversity; Biological Systems, Biodiversity, and Stability of Plant Communities; Temperate Crop Science and Breeding: Ecological and Genetic Study; and Heavy Metals and Other Pollutants in the Environment: Biological Aspects.
Knowledgeably compiled and co-edited, [the book] covers a wide range of problems associated with the use of the components of plants to produce new substances with a wide variety of purposes. . . . Represents a body of impressively informative and seminal scholarship which is unreservedly recommended for corporate, college, and university library Contemporary Chemistry Science collections in general, and Biochemistry supplemental studies reading lists in particular, as well as being of immense and enduring value for students, faculty members, researchers, and scientists in the fields of organic chemistry and chemical engineering."
— MBR Bookwatch: August 2017, reviewed by Micah Andrew
"Very interesting and timely material. The organization of the book is convenient and allows for the focus on a few different elements of the study of plant materials—on various aspects of obtaining and studying properties of raw materials on the one hand, and evaluation of the biological activity of a plant-derived product, on the other hand. I am pleased to recommend this book by a multidisciplinary team of authors. The interesting experimental data presented by the authors will be useful to a wide range of researchers and experts in technology acquisition and processing of plant raw materials."
—Professor Ilya N. Kurochkin, Director, Emanuel Institute of Biochemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia