This book presents the chemical properties of lignocellulosic fibers, knowledge of which is essential for innovation and sustainable development of their transformation. Thermochemical transformation of wood and other lignocellulosics is presented to highlight its volatile, liquid and solid products and their novel applications. Forest biorefinery is described to emphasize the new products from lignocellulosic constituents, both structural (cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins) and those extraneous to cell walls-extractives. New developments in cellulose technology related to nanocellulose are discussed in relation to new applications. Industrial lignins are presented in detail, both in terms of extraction procedures from spent liquors and structural characterization of the isolated lignins. Application of lignocellulosic biopolymers in new composite materials, or in biomaterials for medicinal purposes, and in solid wood preservation, are described. The example of an industrial biorefinery installed in southwestern France more than 40 years ago is presented.
Table of Contents
Sources of Lignocellulosic Fibers and Their Properties. Products of Thermochemical Transformation of Lignocellulosic Resources. Lignocellulosic Biorefinery: Products and Technologies. New Products Based on Biopolymers and Other Lignocellulosic Constituents.
Professor Tatjana Stevanovic was born in Belgrade, Serbia, where she had completed all her studies, up to PhD, at the University of Belgrade. From 1979 to 1997 she taught Wood Chemistry and Chemical Transformation of Wood at Belgrade University, after which she became Professor at Laval University in Quebec City, Canada. Ever since, she has taught several undergraduate and graduate courses related to green (wood) chemistry and sustainable engineering at the Department of Wood and Forest Sciences, where she is also the Director of the Wood Engineering Program. Her research focus is on lignins and bioactive extractive components of wood.