1st Edition

Chemistry of Sustainable Energy

By Nancy E. Carpenter Copyright 2014
    446 Pages 12 Color & 296 B/W Illustrations
    by Chapman & Hall

    438 Pages
    by Chapman & Hall

    Understanding the chemistry underlying sustainable energy is central to any long-term solution to meeting our future energy needs. Chemistry of Sustainable Energy presents chemistry through the lens of several sustainable energy options, demonstrating the breadth and depth of research being carried out to address issues of sustainability and the global energy demand. The author, an organic chemist, reinforces fundamental principles of chemistry as they relate to renewable or sustainable energy generation throughout the book.

    Written with a qualitative, structural bias, this survey text illustrates the increasingly interdisciplinary nature of chemistry research with examples from the literature to provide relevant snapshots of how solutions are developed, providing a broad foundation for further exploration. It examines those areas of energy conversion that show the most promise of achieving sustainability at this point, namely, wind power, fuel cells, solar photovoltaics, and biomass conversion processes. Next-generation nuclear power is addressed as well.

    This book also covers topics related to energy and energy generation that are closely tied to understanding the chemistry of sustainable energy, including fossil fuels, thermodynamics, polymers, hydrogen generation and storage, and carbon capture. It offers readers a broad understanding of relevant fundamental chemical principles and in-depth exposure to creative and promising approaches to sustainable energy development.

    Energy Basics
    What Is Energy?
    Energy, Technology, and Sustainability
    Energy Units, Terms, and Abbreviations
    Electricity Generation and Storage
    Other Resources

    Fossil Fuels
    Formation of Oil and Gas
    Extraction of Fossil Fuels
    Carbon Capture and Storage
    Other Resources
    Online Resources Related to Carbon Capture and

    The First Law of Thermodynamics
    The Second Law and Thermodynamic Cycles: the Carnot Efficiency
    Exergy and Life-Cycle Assessment

    Polymers and Sustainable Energy
    Polymer Basics
    Characterization of Polymers
    Polymer Properties
    Polymer Chemistry and Wind Energy
    Green Chemistry
    Other Resources

    Catalysis and Hydrogen Production
    Hydrogen Production
    Hydrogen Storage
    Other Resources

    Fuel Cells
    Thermodynamics and Fuel Cells
    Efficiency and Fuel Cells
    Cell Performance: Where Do Inefficiencies Come From?
    Fuel Cell Electrocatalysts
    Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells
    Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
    Microbial Fuel Cells
    Fuel Cell Summary
    Electrochemical Energy Storage
    Other Resources

    Solar Photovoltaics
    Solar PV Basics
    Inorganic Solar Cells
    Organic Photovoltaics
    Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
    Quantum Dot Solar Cells
    Sustainability, Photovoltaics, and the CZTS Cell
    Other Resources

    Chemical Composition of Biomass
    Reactivity and Conversion Options
    Biomass Beginnings: Harvesting and Processing
    Thermochemical Processes
    Biochemical Processes
    Other Resources

    Nuclear Energy
    Nuclear Chemistry Basics
    Uranium Production
    Future of Nuclear Energy
    Other Resources

    Closing Remarks

    Appendix I: SI Units and Prefixes
    Appendix II: Unit Conversions
    Appendix III: Electricity: Units and Equations
    Appendix IV: Fossil Fuel Units and Abbreviations
    Appendix V: Important Constants
    Appendix VI: Acronyms


    Professor Nancy E. Carpenter obtained her Ph.D. in organic chemistry from Northwestern University under the guidance of Professor Anthony G.M. Barrett. After a postdoctoral appointment with Professor Larry Overman at the University of California, Irvine, she came to the University of Minnesota, Morris, a four-year public liberal arts campus on the prairies of west-central Minnesota. Her research interests have spanned a diverse range of areas, from synthetic organometallic methodology to environmental remediation of chlorinated ethylenes and exploration of biodiesel from oilseeds and algae. She has been recognized with two teaching awards at the undergraduate level and was a co-recipient of the 2012 ACS-CEI Award for Incorporating Sustainability into Chemistry Education.

    "… a useful resource for faculty teaching chemistry students who are unsure about what specialty they would like to explore more deeply or for specialty courses on the topic. … Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through researchers/faculty."
    D. H. Stedman, University of Denver  in CHOICE Magazine

    "Overall, the book is concise and easy to follow for readers with an understanding of A-level chemistry or above. It will be a valuable and handy reference to various stakeholders of energy technologies, including policy makers, company managers, postgraduate students, school teachers and even some energy specialists."
    Reviewed by George Chen in Chemistry World