This volume presents research from a European international, interdisciplinary and intersectoral research project in which fifteen doctoral researchers explored a range of issues related to the life-course experiences of children born of war in 20th-century conflicts.
Children Born of War (CBOW), children fathered by foreign soldiers and born to local mothers during and after armed conflicts, have long been neglected in the research of the social consequences of war. Based on research projects completed under the auspices of the Horizon2020-funded international and interdisciplinary research and training network CHIBOW (www.chibow.org), this book examines the physical and social impact of war on these children. It focusses on three separate but inter-related themes: firstly, it explores methodological and ethical issues related to research with war-affected populations in general and children born of war in particular. Secondly, it presents innovative historical research focussing specifically on geopolitical areas that have hitherto been unexplored; and thirdly, it addresses, from a psychological and psychiatric perspective, the challenges faced by children born of war in post-conflict communities, including stigmatization, discrimination, within the significant context of identity formation when faced with contested memories of volatile post-war experiences.
The book offers an insight into the social consequences of war for those children associated with the ‘enemy’ by virtue of their direct biological link.
Table of Contents
Barbara Stelzl-Marx, Sabine Lee and Heide Glaesmer
1. Children Born of War: A Critical Appraisal of the Terminology
Sabine Lee and Heide Glaesmer
2. Oral History and Requirements: Translating Theory Into Practice
Jakub Gałęziowski, Lisa Haberkern and Eva Käuper
3. Ethical Challenges in Conducting Interviews with Children Born of War: Reflections on Navigating Participants’ Expectations
Lukas Schretter, Kanako Kuramitsu and Nastassia Sersté
4. Implementing Research Ethics in an Interdisciplinary Research and Training Network - The CHIBOW Project
Marie Kaiser, Sabine Lee and Heide Glaesmer
5. Researching Children Born of War in Uganda: Methodological Reflections on the Inclusion of Minors in CBOW Research
Eunice Akullo and Boniface Ojok
6. An Intergenerational Perspective on Conflict-Related Sexual Violence Against Women: Female Survivors and Their Children Born of Rape
Sophie Roupetz, Amra Delic and Heide Glaesmer
7. Addressing The Needs Of Mothers And Their Children Born Of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence: A Framework For Support In Psychosocial Settings
8. Questions of Identity in German Occupation Children Born after World War II: Approaching a Complex Phenomenon with Mixed-Method Analyses
9. Alimony Payments for Children Born of War: A Case Study of British Occupation Children in Austria and Germany after World War II
10. Transgenerational Transmission of Memories
11. Children as “Collateral Damage” of Nationalisation Campaigns? The Persecution of “Nationally Unreliable” Persons in Czechoslovakia after the Second World War
12. Representations of CBOW in Films of Soviet Occupied Latvia and Beyond
13. Children Born Of The Indochina War: National ‘Reclassification’, Diversity, And Multiple Feelings Of Belonging
14. Wife, Victim, Murderer, Mother: Women Imprisoned for Killing an Abusive Husband in Post-Conflict Uganda
Barbara Stelzl-Marx is director of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Research on Consequences of War (BIK), Graz – Vienna – Raabs, Austria, Professor for contemporary history at University of Graz, and vice-president of the Austrian UNESCO Commission, Vienna.
Sabine Lee is Professor of Modern History at the University of Birmingham. Her research has spanned a range of themes in contemporary history and, more recently, interdisciplinary research on conflict and security with particular emphasis on conflict-related sexual violence and children born of war.
Heide Glaesmer, psychologist/psychotherapist, is the head of the research group ‘Psychotraumatology and Migration Research’ at the University of Leipzig and was the CHIBOW network’s director of training.