Selected for inclusion in this volume are the most significant and influential articles analyzing the key issues surrounding children, medicine and the law today. Issues examined include: the implications of assisted reproduction for children, neonatal intensive care, health care, HIV testing of new-born children, choosing sexual orientation and adolescents and life-and-death decisions.
'…a welcome contribution…shines light on many of the ethical dilemmas that arise when treating children.' The Journal of Legal Medicine
Contents: Assisted Reproduction: Its Implications for Children: Market inalienability, Jane Radin; Give me children or I shall die! New reproductive technologies and harm to children, Cynthia B. Cohen; Human cloning and child welfare, Justine Burley and John Harris; The best interests of the child in assisted human reproduction: the interplay between the state, professionals and parents, Ken R. Daniels, Eric Blyth, Darrel Hall and Kathy M. Hanson. Sex Selection: Book review of Gendercide: the Implications of Sex Selection, by Mary Anne Warren, Helen Bequaert Holmes; A reply to Holmes on Gendercide, Mary Anne Warren; Preconception gender selection, John A. Robertson. Choosing the Sexual Orientation of Children: Choosing the sexual orientation of children, Edward Stein; Prenatal diagnosis: whose right?, David Heyd. Wrongful Life and Death: Moral obligations to the not-yet-born: the fetus as patient, Thomas H. Murray; Wrongful life and the counterfactual element in harming, Joel Feinberg; The wrong of wrongful life, John Harris; When is birth unfair to the child?, Bonnie Steinbock and Ron McClamrock; Prenatal wrongful death, Bonnie Steinbock; Genetic dilemmas and the child's right to an open future, Dena S. Davis. The Newborn's Status: Delivering hydrocephalic fetuses, Carson Strong. Defective Newborn Children: Deciding for imperilled newborns: medical authority or parental autonomy? Hazel E. McHaffie, Ian A. Lang, Michael Parker and John McMillan; Moral and ethical dilemmas in the special-care nursery, Raymond S. Duff and A.G.M. Campbell; Neonatal viability in the 1990s: held hostage by technology, Jonathan Muraskas, Patricia A. Marshall, Paul Tomich, Thomas F. Myers, John G. Gianopoulos and David C. Thomasma. Neonatal Intensive Care: Neonatal intensive care: parents' role in ethical decision making, Helen Harrison; Interdependence and reintegrative social control: labeling and reforming 'inappropriate' parents in neonatal intensive care, Carol A. Heimer and Lisa R. Staffen. HIV Testing of Newborn Children: An argument for universal paediatric HIV testing, counseling and treatment, Colin Crawford; Mandatory screening of newborns for HIV: and idea whose time has not yet come, Nina Loewenstein. Children as Donors: Should foetuses or infants be utilized as organ donors?, Arthur L. Caplan; Justice for children: the child as organ donor, Lianie Friedman Ross; Rethinking transplantation between siblings, James Dwyer and Elizabeth Vig; Role of a child advocate in the selection of donors for pediatric bone marrow transplantation, Frederic T. Serota, Charles S. August, Alice Tuohy O'Shea and William T. Woodward Jr and Penelope A. Koch; Procreation for donation: the moral and political permissibility of 'having a child to save a child', Mark P. Aulisio, Thomas May and Geoffrey D. Block. Conjoined Twins: The ethics of caring for conjoined twins: the Lakeberg twins, David C. Thomasma, Jonathan Muraskas, Patricia A. Marshall, Thomas Myers, Paul Tomich and James A. O'Neill Jr.; Human beings, persons and conjoined twins: an ethical analysis of the judgment in Re A, John Harris. Decisions about Health Care: The best interests standard as threshold, ideal and standard of reasonableness, Loretta M. Kopelman; Everyday and medical life choices: decision making among 8- to 15-year-old school students, Priscilla Anderson; Coercion or caring: analysing adolescent autonomy, Margaret Brazier and Caroline Bridge; Health care decision making by children: is it in their best interests?, Lianie Friedman Ross; Disclosure and consent problems in pediatrics, Angela R. Holder; When adolescents 'mismanage' their chronic medical conditions: an ethical exploration, Insoo Hyun. The Competence of Children: What do you say to a child with AIDS?, Michael Lipson; The competency of children and adolescents to make informed treatment decisions, Lois A. Wiethorn and Susan B. Campbell; Reasoning about illness in ill and healthy children and adolescents: cognitive and emotional developmental aspects, Elizabeth J. Susman, Lorah D. Dorn and John C. Fletcher; In the genes or in the stars? Children's competence to consent, Priscilla Alderson. Adolescents and life or Death Decisions: Affirming the decisions adolescents make about life and death, Robert F. Wier and Charles Peters. Children as Subjects of Research: Research with children, Leonard H. Glantz; Children's concepts of research hospitalization, A. Herbert Schwartz; The enforcement of morals: nontherapeutic research on children, Paul Ramsey; Prophylactic interventions on children: balancing human rights with public health, F.M. Hodges, J.S. Svoboda and R.S. van Howe; Is it in a neonate's best interest to enter a randomized controlled trial?, Peter Allmark, Su Mason, A.S. Bryan Gill and Christopher Megone. Genetic Testing of Children: Testing children for genetic predispositions: is it in their best interest?, Diane E. Hoffman and Eric A. Wulfsberg. Children's Rights to Health Care: Do children's right