Selected for inclusion in this volume are the most significant and influential articles analyzing the key issues surrounding children, medicine and the law today. Issues examined include: the implications of assisted reproduction for children, neonatal intensive care, health care, HIV testing of new-born children, choosing sexual orientation and adolescents and life-and-death decisions.
Table of Contents
Contents: Assisted Reproduction: Its Implications for Children: Market inalienability, Jane Radin; Give me children or I shall die! New reproductive technologies and harm to children, Cynthia B. Cohen; Human cloning and child welfare, Justine Burley and John Harris; The best interests of the child in assisted human reproduction: the interplay between the state, professionals and parents, Ken R. Daniels, Eric Blyth, Darrel Hall and Kathy M. Hanson. Sex Selection: Book review of Gendercide: the Implications of Sex Selection, by Mary Anne Warren, Helen Bequaert Holmes; A reply to Holmes on Gendercide, Mary Anne Warren; Preconception gender selection, John A. Robertson. Choosing the Sexual Orientation of Children: Choosing the sexual orientation of children, Edward Stein; Prenatal diagnosis: whose right?, David Heyd. Wrongful Life and Death: Moral obligations to the not-yet-born: the fetus as patient, Thomas H. Murray; Wrongful life and the counterfactual element in harming, Joel Feinberg; The wrong of wrongful life, John Harris; When is birth unfair to the child?, Bonnie Steinbock and Ron McClamrock; Prenatal wrongful death, Bonnie Steinbock; Genetic dilemmas and the child's right to an open future, Dena S. Davis. The Newborn's Status: Delivering hydrocephalic fetuses, Carson Strong. Defective Newborn Children: Deciding for imperilled newborns: medical authority or parental autonomy? Hazel E. McHaffie, Ian A. Lang, Michael Parker and John McMillan; Moral and ethical dilemmas in the special-care nursery, Raymond S. Duff and A.G.M. Campbell; Neonatal viability in the 1990s: held hostage by technology, Jonathan Muraskas, Patricia A. Marshall, Paul Tomich, Thomas F. Myers, John G. Gianopoulos and David C. Thomasma. Neonatal Intensive Care: Neonatal intensive care: parents' role in ethical decision making, Helen Harrison; Interdependence and reintegrative social control: labeling and reforming 'inappropriate' parents in neonatal intensive care, Carol A. Heimer and Lisa R. Staffen. HIV Testing of Newborn Children: An argument for universal paediatric HIV testing, counseling and treatment, Colin Crawford; Mandatory screening of newborns for HIV: and idea whose time has not yet come, Nina Loewenstein. Children as Donors: Should foetuses or infants be utilized as organ donors?, Arthur L. Caplan; Justice for children: the child as organ donor, Lianie Friedman Ross; Rethinking transplantation between siblings, James Dwyer and Elizabeth Vig; Role of a child advocate in the selection of donors for pediatric bone marrow transplantation, Frederic T. Serota, Charles S. August, Alice Tuohy O'Shea and William T. Woodward Jr and Penelope A. Koch; Procreation for donation: the moral and political permissibility of 'having a child to save a child', Mark P. Aulisio, Thomas May and Geoffrey D. Block. Conjoined Twins: The ethics of caring for conjoined twins: the Lakeberg twins, David C. Thomasma, Jonathan Muraskas, Patricia A. Marshall, Thomas Myers, Paul Tomich and James A. O'Neill Jr.; Human beings, persons and conjoined twins: an ethical analysis of the judgment in Re A, John Harris. Decisions about Health Care: The best interests standard as threshold, ideal and standard of reasonableness, Loretta M. Kopelman; Everyday and medical life choices: decision making among 8- to 15-year-old school students, Priscilla Anderson; Coercion or caring: analysing adolescent autonomy, Margaret Brazier and Caroline Bridge; Health care decision making by children: is it in their best interests?, Lianie Friedman Ross; Disclosure and consent problems in pediatrics, Angela R. Holder; When adolescents 'mismanage' their chronic medical conditions: an ethical exploration, Insoo Hyun. The Competence of Children: What do you say to a child with AIDS?, Michael Lipson; The competency of children and adolescents to make informed treatment decisions, Lois A. Wiethorn and Susan B. Campbell; Reasoning about illness in ill and healthy children and adolescents: cognitive and emotional developmental aspects, Elizabeth J. Susman, Lorah D. Dorn and John C. Fletcher; In the genes or in the stars? Children's competence to consent, Priscilla Alderson. Adolescents and life or Death Decisions: Affirming the decisions adolescents make about life and death, Robert F. Wier and Charles Peters. Children as Subjects of Research: Research with children, Leonard H. Glantz; Children's concepts of research hospitalization, A. Herbert Schwartz; The enforcement of morals: nontherapeutic research on children, Paul Ramsey; Prophylactic interventions on children: balancing human rights with public health, F.M. Hodges, J.S. Svoboda and R.S. van Howe; Is it in a neonate's best interest to enter a randomized controlled trial?, Peter Allmark, Su Mason, A.S. Bryan Gill and Christopher Megone. Genetic Testing of Children: Testing children for genetic predispositions: is it in their best interest?, Diane E. Hoffman and Eric A. Wulfsberg. Children's Rights to Health Care: Do children's right
Michael Freeman is Professor of English Law at University College London. His research interests are in cultural pluralism in particular in relation to the rights of children and in medical ethics particularly in relation to medically assisted reproduction.He has published in the areas of Family Law, Child Law and Policy, Children's Rights, Medicine, Ethics and the Law and Medical Law, Jurisprudence and Legal Theory. He is the author of over 40 books, editor of a large number of international journals and a Fellow of the British Academy.
'...a welcome contribution...shines light on many of the ethical dilemmas that arise when treating children.' The Journal of Legal Medicine