1848 Pages
    by Routledge

    Co-published by Routledge and Edition Synapse

    The History of Feminism series makes key archival source material readily available to scholars, researchers, and students of women’s and gender studies, women’s history, and women’s writing, as well as those working in allied and related fields. Selected and introduced by expert editors, the gathered materials are reproduced in facsimile, giving users a strong sense of immediacy to the texts and permitting citation to the original pagination. Building on the success of Women and Empire (2009), this new title in the series brings together in four volumes a unique range of nineteenth-century texts on children and empire.

    Making readily available materials which are currently very difficult for scholars, researchers, and students across the globe to locate and use, Children and Empire is a veritable treasure-trove. The gathered works are reproduced in facsimile, giving users a strong sense of immediacy to the texts and permitting citation to the original pagination. Each volume is also supplemented by substantial introductions, newly written by the editors, which contextualize the material. And with a detailed appendix providing data on the books, newspapers, and periodicals in which the gathered materials were originally published, the collection is destined to be welcomed as a vital reference and research resource.

    Volume I: The ‘Civilizing’ Mission: Education, Morality, and Conversion

    Part 1: Evangelism/Conversion


    1. ‘An Irish Boy’s Legacy to the Holy Childhood’, The Irish Monthly, 13, 150 (1885), p. 657.

    2. The Children’s Missionary Newspaper, Dec. 1843, pp. 1–9 and Jan. 1844, pp. 9–16.

    3. Miss S. Louise Day, ‘"Junior Work": Christian Endeavor Societies in Mission Lands’, Life and Light for Woman (Feb. 1895), pp. 62–9.

    4. Rev. John Gregson, ‘Poor Abraham’, The Juvenile Missionary Herald (London: J. Heaton & Son, 1860), p. 24.

    5. Ethel Daniels Hubbard and Mary Porter Gamewell, Under Marching Orders: A Story of Mary Porter Gamewell (New York: The Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church, 1909), pp. 3–15.

    6. ‘Human Sacrifice’, The Missionary Magazine and Chronicle, CXIX (1846), frontispiece, pp. 50–1.


    7. M. Heymann, ‘Jewish Child-Saving in the U.S.’, Charities Review, 6 (July 1897), pp. 438–40.

    8. Steven R. Riggs, Tah-Koo Wah-Kan: The Gospel Among the Dakotas (Boston: Congregational-Sabbath School and Publishing Society, 1869), pp. 36–53, 401–7.


    9. ‘The Missionary in India, Extracted from a Letter of the Rev. John Gregson, Agra’, The Juvenile Missionary Herald (London: Heaton & Son, 1860), pp. 63–5.

    10. Milly Cattell, Behind the Purdah, or the Lives and Legends of our Hindu Sisters (Calcutta & Simla: Thacker, Spink & Co., 1916), pp. 1–11.

    11. Emma Dense, ‘A Half Day Among the Zenanas’, Heathen Woman’s Friend (Oct. 1892), pp. 79–81.

    12. Ada Lee, ‘A Day in the Zenanas’, Woman’s Missionary Friend (Oct. 1898), pp. 115–16.

    13. Sarah Tucker, South India Sketches, Vol. 1 (London: James Nisbet, 1848), pp. 1–17.


    14. Rufus Anderson, The History of the Sandwich Islands Mission (Boston: Congregational Publishing Society, 1870), pp. 26–31, 178–82, 240–8, 265–70.

    15. Lucy Goodale Thurston, The Life and Times of Mrs. Lucy G. Thurston (Ann Arbor, Michigan: S. C. Andrews, 1882), pp. 125–36, 143–4, 147–54.

    Part 2: Education


    16. Miss Nancy Jones, ‘Life in a New Station, Mount Silinda, Gazaland’, Life and Light for Woman (Dec. 1894), pp. 589–90.

    17. ‘"Juvenile Department", Course of Study’, Life and Light for Woman (Feb. 1895), pp. 97–9.


    18. Margaretha J. Bengal, ‘The Pear Flower School of Korea’, Heathen Woman’s Friend (April 1893) frontispiece, p. 230.

    19. Mary Thorn Carpenter, A Girl’s Winter in India (New York: A. D. F. Randolph, 1892), pp. 84–97.

    20. Mrs Margaret Denning, ‘Orphanages in India’, Woman’s Missionary Friend (Oct. 1897), frontispiece, pp. 91–4.

    21. Miss J. G. Evans, ‘China. Girls’ Day School at Tung-Cho’, Life and Light for Woman (Feb. 1894), pp. 62–5.

    22. Rev. A. H. Lash, Blossoms and Fruit of Missionary Work or What Indian Girls Can Do (London: John F. Shaw & Co., 1885), pp. 11–36.

    23. Fanny A. Perkins, ‘School Comrades in Rangoon’, Woman’s Missionary Friend (June 1896), pp. 331–2.

    24. Pauline, Root, M.D. ‘India. Contrasts’, Life and Light for Woman (Dec. 1892), pp. 553–7.

    25. Dr Pauline Root, ‘The Kindergarten in Kobe, Japan’, Life and Light for Woman (Oct, 1892), pp. 459–63.

    26. The Rev. George Stosch, ‘Education in India’, The Missionary Review of the World, 17 (April 1894), pp. 270–4.

    Middle East

    27. Mary Louise Whately, Ragged Life in Egypt (London: Seeley, Jackson and Hallday, 1863), pp. 48–56, 161–73, 197–208.


    28. Helen Mather, One Summer in Hawaii (New York: Cassell Publishing Co., 1891), pp. 151–7.

    Part 3: The Child as Evangelical Tool

    29. Clara M. Cushman, ‘Sarah Wang Introduced’, Heathen Woman’s Friend (Jan. 1893), pp. 168–9.

    30. Miss H. J. Gilson, ‘A Zulu Christian—The Story of Ella’, Life and Light for Woman (Aug. 1895), pp. 364–6.

    31. Mrs Edward S. Hume, ‘India. Self-Offering’, Life and Light for Woman (Aug. 1891), pp. 394–8.

    32. Ada Lee, Seven Heroic Children. A Great Sorrow and a Great Victory (London: Morgan and Scott, 1906), pp. 29–45 (includes frontispiece and two pages of photographs).

    33. Sarah Wang Liu, ‘Chinese Women’, Heathen Woman’s Friend (Jan. 1893), p. 169.

    34. Miss Ella J. Newton, ‘The Story of Ting Chio, Our "Precious Pearl"’, Life and Light for Woman (Feb. 1894), pp. 57–60.

    35. Miss B. B. Noyles, ‘The Girls’ Normal School in Madura’, Life and Light for Heathen Woman (July 1893), pp. 364–7.

    36. Rev. N. L. Rockey, ‘The Girl We Have But May Not Keep Her’, Heathen Woman’s Friend (Oct. 1892), pp. 84–6.

    37. Mary Martha Sherwood, The History of Little Henry and his Bearer (London: F. Houston & Son, 1816), pp. 12–17, 26–9, 129–39.

    Volume II: Management of Children: Life in Sickness and in Health

    Part 4: Marriage and Childbirth

    38. Priscilla Chapman, Hindoo Female Education (London: R. B. Seeley and W. Burnside, 1839), pp. 34–40.

    39. Rev. James S. Dennis, ‘Child Marriage and Widowhood in India’, Christian Missions and Social Progress, Vol. 1 (New York: Fleming H. Revell Co., 1898), pp. 197–200.

    40. W. Wyatt Gill, ‘Childbirth Customs of the Loyalty Islands, as Related by a Mangaian Female Teacher’, The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 19 (1890), pp. 503–5.

    41. Lucy Guinness, ‘Ramabai’, Woman’s Missionary Friend (Aug. 1898), pp. 39–43.

    42. Joseph Hooker, ‘Child-Bearing in Australia and New Zealand’, The Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1869–70), 1 (1869), pp. 68–75.

    43. Ada Lee, Chundra Lela. The Converted Fakir (Cincinnati: Curts & Jennings, 1898), pp. 15–21.

    44. Professor F. Max Müeller, ‘The Story of an Indian Child-Wife’, Contemporary Review, LX (Aug. 1891), pp. 183–7.

    45. Miss E. J. Newton, ‘The Little Bride that Was to Be’, Life and Light for Woman (Mar. 1893), pp. 120–2.

    46. Mrs George A. Paul, ‘Child Marriage in India’, The Missionary Review of the World, 17 (Apr. 1894), pp. 267–70.

    47. Raj Coomar Roy, ‘Child Marriage in India’, The North American Review, 147, 383 (1888), pp. 415–23.

    48. Pauline Root, M.D., ‘Young Women in India—A Letter to Mothers’, Life and Light for Woman (Oct. 1892), pp. 479–82.

    49. Pundita Ramabai Sarsvati, The High-Caste Hindu Woman (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1901), pp. 40–69.

    50. T. R. H. Thomson, ‘Observations on the Reported Incompetency of the "Gins" Or Aboriginal Females of New Holland, to Procreate with a Native Male After having Borne Half-Caste Children to a European Or White’, Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1848–56), 3 (1854), pp. 243–6.

    Part 5: Aspects of Child-Rearing


    51. Mrs French-Sheldon, ‘Customs among the Natives of East Africa, from Teita to Kilimegalia, with Special Reference to their Women and Children’, The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 21 (1892), pp. 365–6, 371–3.

    52. Dudley Kidd, Savage Childhood. A Study of Kafir Children (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1906), pp. 84–93.


    53. Samuel Phillips Day, ‘On the Power of Rearing Children among Savage Tribes’, Journal of the Anthropological Society of London, 5 (1867), pp. cc–ccii.


    54. Christina Sinclair Bremner, A Month in a Dandi (London: Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent and Co., 1891), pp. 1–3.

    55. Mrs Hugh Fraser, Letters from Japan: A Record of Modern Life in the Island Empire (London: Macmillan, 1905), pp. 168–79.

    Commonwealth Countries

    56. Cardinal Archbishop of Westminster [Henry Edward Manning] and Benjamin Waugh, The Child of the English Savage (London: London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, 1886), pp. 3–16.

    57. E. Burnet Tylor, ‘Wild Men and Beast-Children’, Anthropological Review, 1, 1 (1863), pp. 21–32.


    58. Rev. Sereno Edwards Bishop, Reminiscences of Old Hawaii (Honolulu: Hawaiian Gazette Co. Ltd., 1916), pp. 21–6, 39–41.

    Part 6: Illness and Death


    59. Edward Berdoe, ‘Slum Mothers and Death Clubs-A Vindication’, Review of Reviews (London edition), III (Apr. 1891), pp. 560–63.

    60. Norman Chevers, ‘Infanticide’, A Manual of Medical Jurisprudence for Bengal and the North Western Provinces (Calcutta: F. Carbery, Bengal Military Orphan Press, 1856), pp. 515–23.

    61. A. M. Clarke, ‘Is Infanticide Practised in China?’, The Catholic World, 60 (1895), pp. 769–81.

    62. Edward Harper-Parker, ‘Infanticide in China’, The University Magazine and Free Review, 8 (Sept. 1897), pp. 605–14.

    63. ‘Infanticide in India’, Chambers’s Journal, 69 (Aug. 1892), pp. 517–19.

    64. Florence Sterling Leuth, ‘The Famine In India’, Woman’s Missionary Friend (July 1897), pp. 3–5.

    65. J. W. Sherer, ‘An Indian Crime’, Gentleman’s Magazine, CCLXIX (July 1890), pp. 72–9.

    66. Lucy Goodale Thurston, The Missionary’s Daughter or A Memoir of Lucy Goodale Thurston of the Sandwich Islands (New York: Dayton and Newman, 1842), pp. 45–7, 158–72, 197–202.


    67. G. Q. Colton, M.D., ‘The Care of Teeth’, Ladies Home Journal (Jan. 1893), p. 20.

    68. Edward P. Davis, M.D. and John M. Keating, M.D., Mother and Child (Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1894), pp. 357–80.

    69. C. G. Buchanan Klophel, M.D., ‘In Case of Diphtheria’, Ladies Home Journal (Jan. 1893), p. 20.

    70. Elisabeth Robinson, ‘Nursing in Congestion’, Ladies Home Journal (Jan. 1893), 20.

    Part 7: Domestic Pastimes

    71. ‘Advertisements’, Ladies Home Journal (Dec. 1892), pp. 9, 33.

    72. Ruth Ashmore, ‘Girls and Christmas Gifts’, Ladies Home Journal (Dec. 1892), p. 20.

    73. Mrs Lydia Maria Child, ‘Games’, The Girls’ Own Book (New York: Clark Austin & Co., 1833), pp. 13–18.

    74. Mark Forrester (ed.), ‘The Crystal Palace’, Forrester’s Pictorial Miscellany for Boys and Girls (Boston: F. & G. Rand, 1854), pp. 7–11.

    75. Mrs Burton Harrison, ‘The Well-Bred Girl in Society’, Ladies Home Journal (Jan. 1893), p. 6.

    76. Bracebridge Hemyng, ‘The Rival Crusoes’, The Boys of England (Jan. 1870), pp. 33–6.

    77. ‘Jack and His Mother’, The Englishwoman’s Domestic Magazine, Bk. 2 (London: S. O. Beeton, 1866), pp. 362–4.

    78. ‘Papers for Girls’, Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine (July 1877), pp. 37–8.

    79. ‘Patterns’, Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine (July 1877).

    80. Elisabeth Robinson Scovil, ‘The Children’s Lunch’, Ladies Home Journal (Jan. 1893), p. 16.

    81. Catherine Sinclair, ‘Chit Chat’, Holiday House, A Series of Tales (New York: Robert Carter, 1839), pp. iii–19.

    82. William O. Stoddard, Winter Fun, from St. Nicholas Magazine (London: Bickers & Son, 1886), pp. 1–18.

    83. ‘Work Department’, Godey’s Lady’s Book and Magazine (July 1877), pp. 74–6

    Volume III: Migrations and Cultural Differences:
    Children throughout the Empire

    Part 8: Immigration


    84. ‘The British Lion and the Irish Monkey’, Punch (8 Apr. 1848).

    85. ‘Here and There; or Emigration A Remedy’, Punch (15 July 1848). p. 27.

    86. ‘The Ignorant Vote—Honors are Easy’, Harper’s Weekly, 20, 1041 (9 Dec. 1876) (cover page).

    87. Edward Gibbon Wakefield, A View of the Art of Colonisation (London: John W. Parker, 1849), pp. 407–10.


    88. William Chance, ‘Memorandum of Conditions Upon which the Local Government Board Assent to the Emigration of Orphan and Deserted Pauper Children to Canada’, Children Under the Poor Law (London: Swan Sonnenschein & Co., 1897), pp. 261–6, 403–4.

    89. ‘The Children of the Alien Poor’, The British Medical Journal, 2, 1825 (1895), p. 1578.

    90. Mary Davison, ‘The Babies of Chinatown’, The Cosmopolitan, 28 (Apr. 1900), pp. 605–12.

    91. ‘Emigration of Pauper Children. Resolution and Discussion’, Hansard’s Parliamentary Debates, Vol. 313 (Apr. 1887), pp. 426–49.

    92. Restrict all immigration! Protect yourself and your children against ruinous labor and business competition

    through unrestricted immigration (San Francisco: W. W. Sherman, 1885), pp. 1–8.

    93. T. Wores, ‘Children of Chinatown in San Francisco’, St. Nicholas, 23, 7 (May 1896), pp. 575–7.

    South Africa

    94. Maynard Butler (ed.), ‘Fifty-Eight Years, as Child and Woman, in South Africa’, Fortnightly Review, LXVII (Apr. 1900), pp. 537–50.

    95. Duke of Argyll, ‘Planting-Out State Children in South Africa’, Nineteenth Century, XLVII (Apr. 1900), pp. 609–11.

    96. Francis Stevenson, ‘Child-Settlers for South Africa’, Nineteenth Century, L (Dec. 1901), pp. 1020–9.

    South Pacific

    97. Ethel M. Koamalu Damon, A Story of the Pioneers on Kauai and of What They Built in that Island Garden (Honolulu, 1931), pp. 11–22.

    98. William Ellis and Rufus Anderson, Memoir of Mary Mercy Ellis: Wife of Rev. William Ellis, Missionary in the South Seas and Secretary of London Missionary Society (Boston: Crocker and Brewster, 1836), vii–xiii, xvi–xviii.

    Part 9: Pictures of Daily Life

    Africa and the Middle East

    99. Mrs James S. Dennis, ‘Child life in Syria’, Child Life in Many Lands, ed. Henry Clay Trunbull (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1903), pp. 121–9.

    100. Anna H. Jessup, ‘Children in Palestine’, The Biblical World, 10, 6 (1897), pp. 401–13.

    101. Harriet Martineau, ‘The Hareem’, Eastern Life: Present and Past (Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard, 1848), pp. 259–70.


    102. Matilda Chaplin Ayrton, ‘Seven Scenes of Child-Life in Japan’, Child-Life in Japan and Japanese Children’s Stories (London: Griffith and Farran, 1879), pp. vii–xiv, 3–13.

    103. V. Ball, ‘Wolf-Reared Children’, extracted from ‘Jungle Life in India’, The Journal of the Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, 9 (1880), pp. 465–74.

    104. Isabella Bird, Unbeaten Tracks in Japan (London: John Murray, 1880), pp. 128–34.

    105. J. Frayer, ‘European Child-Life in Bengal’, Medical Times and Gazette, 1 (17 May 1873), pp. 515–17; (24 May 1873), pp. 544–8.

    106. W. C. Maclean, ‘Frayer on European Child-Life in India’, The London Medical Record (6 Aug. 1873), p. 481.

    107. ‘Mr. Bull’s Expensive Toys’, Punch (31 Oct. 1857), p. 181.

    108. J. W. Palmer, ‘Child Life by the Ganges’, Atlantic Monthly, 1, 5 (Mar. 1858), pp. 625–34.

    109. Mrs C. M. Jewell, ‘Footbinding’, Woman’s Missionary Friend (Oct. 1897), pp. 112–13.

    110. Alice F. Stanton, ‘Foot-Binding in China’, Heathen Woman’s Friend (Sept. 1894), pp. 78–80.

    111. Anna Harriette Leonowens, The English Governess at the Siamese Court (London: Trübner & Co., 1870), pp. 42–8, 78–87.

    Part 10: Images of the World’s Children for the Child ‘at Home’

    112. Ella A. Baldwin, ‘Child Life in North Africa’, Child Life in Many Lands, ed. Henry Clay Trunbull (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1903), pp. 156–62.

    113. Paul Bettex, ‘Work and Play of a South American Boy’, Child Life in Many Lands, ed. Henry Clay Trunbull (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1903), pp. 72–9.

    114. Rose Anna Hartsock, ‘Child Life Among the Bobangis of the Congo’, Child Life in Many Lands, ed. Henry Clay Trunbull (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1903), pp. 163–9.

    115. Hiram Bingham, The Story of the Morning Star, the Children’s Missionary Vessel (Boston: ABCFM, 1866), pp. 20–1.

    116. American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (Stock Certificate, 1856).

    117. Jane S. Warren, The Morning Star: History of the Children’s Missionary Vessel (Boston: Christian Tract Society, 1860), pp. 7–37.

    118. E. Fenwick Colerick, Adventures of Pioneer Children, or Life in the Wilderness (Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1888), pp. 41–6.

    119. Marian M. George, Little Journeys to Hawaii and the Philipine Islands (Chicago: A. Flanagan Company, 1901), pp. 54–7.

    120. Annie Westland Marston, The Children of China. Written for the Children of England (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1884), frontispiece, pp. 161–71.

    121. Annie Westland Marston, The Children of India. Written for the Children of England (London: Religious Tract Society, 1883), pp. 19–20, 46–60.

    122. Eliza Caroline Phillips, Peeps into China or the Missionary’s Album (London: Cassell Petter and Galpin, 1882), pp. 9–20, 208–24.

    123. Mary Hazelton Wade, Our Little Japanese Cousin (Boston: L.C. Page & Company, 1901), preface and pp. 1–25.

    Volume IV: Empire’s Children at Home: The Domestic Impact of a Presence Abroad

    Part 11: Domestic Empires


    124. Eunice Barber, Narrative of the tragical death of Mr. Darius Barber, and his seven children: who were inhumanly butchered by the Indians, in Camden County, Georgia, January 26, 1818: to which is added an account of the captivity and sufferings of Mrs. Barber (Boston: Shaw and Shoemaker, 1818), pp. 1–24.

    125. Maud Ballington Booth, ‘Baby Footprints in the Slums’, Child Life in Many Lands, ed. Henry Clay Trumbull (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1903), pp. 23–32.

    126. Julia Colman and Matilda G. Thompson (Methodist Episcopal Church Sunday School Union), ‘A Few Words about American Slave Children’, The Child’s Anti-Slavery Book (New York: Carleton and Porter, 1858), pp. 9–16.

    127. Richard Cull and Richard Owen, ‘A Brief Notice of the Aztec Race, Followed by a Description of the so-Called Aztec Children Exhibited on the Occasion’, Journal of the Ethnological Society of London (1848–56), 4 (1856), pp. 128–37.

    128. Joseph Delpratt, ‘We Wish To Present the Friends of the Poor African, with a Recent Advertisement of the Sale of a Negro Child, Taken from the Supplement to the Royal Jamaica Gazette of August 1st, 1827’ (London: Howlett and Brimmer, 1827).

    129. Mary C. DeVore, ‘Child Life in Alaska’, Child Life in Many Lands, ed. Henry Clay Trumbull (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1903), pp. 197–203.

    130. Elaine Goodale Eastman, ‘Child Life Among the American Indians’, Child Life in Many Lands, ed. Henry Clay Trumbull (New York: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1903), pp. 51–6.

    131. Mrs A. H. Dickerman and E. A. Davis. ‘The Indian Child and His Toys’, Wide World Magazine, II (Dec. 1898), pp. 315–20.

    132. J. Owen Dorsey, ‘Games of Teton Dakota Children’, American Anthropologist, 4, 4 (1891), pp. 329–32.

    133. Alice C. Fletcher, ‘Glimpses of Child-Life among the Omaha Tribe of Indians’, The Journal of American Folklore, 1, 2 (1888), pp. 115–18.

    134. Josiah Flynt, ‘The Children of the Road’, Atlantic Monthly, 77, 459 (Jan. 1896), pp. 58–71.

    135. Amanda Smith, An Autobiography: The Story of the Lord’s Dealings with Mrs. Amanda Smith, the colored evangelist; containing an account of her life work of faith, and her travels in America, England, Ireland, Scotland, India and Africa, as an independent missionary (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1896), pp. 1–19.

    Great Britain

    136. Mary Carpenter, Juvenile Delinquents: Their Condition and Treatment (London: W. & F. G. Cash, 1853), pp. 15–19.

    137. Mrs Sherwood, ‘The Gipsy Babes’, The Works of Mrs. Sherwood, Vol. VII (New York: Harper & Brothers, 1834), pp. 321–48.

    138. George of Coalville Smith, ‘Our Gipsies, and their Children’, London Society, 47 (1885), pp. 33–42.

    139. George of Coalville Smith, Gipsy Life: Being an Account of Our Gipsies and their Children (London: Haughton & Co., 1880), frontispiece, dedication, list of illustrations, and pp. 48, 118, 170, 277.

    140. Mary Stanley, London Street Arabs (London: Cassell & Company, Limited, 1890), pp. 5–12 plus assorted illustrations.

    ‘Street Arab’ Illustrations

    141. ‘The Crossing-Sweeper Nuisance’, Punch (26 Jan. 1856), p. 34.

    142. ‘Caution!’, Punch (28 July 1855), p. 33.

    143. ‘A Dreadful Shock to the Nerves’, Punch (Vol. 11, 1846), p. 26.

    144. ‘I’ve Nothing for You’, Punch (Vol. 24, 1853), p. 215.

    145. Una and Georgiana Fullerton, ‘The Starving Children of Donegal’, The Irish Monthly, 11, 118 (1883), pp. 213–15.

    146. ‘What Will Be Done With Him?’, Punch (27 Sept. 1879), p. 137.

    Part 12: Paid Labour Forces

    147. ‘An Account of the Proceedings of the Society for Superseding the Necessity of Climbing Boys’, The Edinburgh Review or Critical Journal, 32 (Oct. 1819), pp. 309–20.

    148. Society for Superseding the Necessity of Climbing Boys, ‘The Scandiscope’ (1829).

    149. Rev. J. A. Dron, ‘Infant Chimney-Sweepers’, Good Words, XL (Oct. 1899), pp. 668–70.

    150. Benjamin Browning, ‘The Canal Boats Act, 1877’, The British Medical Journal (27 Dec. 1879), p. 1046.

    151. Elbridge T. Gerry, ‘Cruelty to Children’, The North American Review, 137, 320 (1883), pp. 70–4.

    152. Frank Hird, ‘Box Making’ and ‘Canal Life’, The Cry of the Children (London: James Bowden, 1898), pp. 9–22, 75–85.

    153. Edith F. Hogg, ‘School Children as Wage Earners’, Nineteenth Century, 42 (Aug. 1897), pp. 235–44.

    154. Henry Mayhew, ‘Children Street Sellers’, London Labour and the London Poor, Vol. 1 (London: Charles Griffin and Company, 1851), pp. 169–81.

    155. ‘A Symposium on White Child Labour Slavery’, Arena, I (Apr. 1890), pp. 589–95.

    156. W. F. Wade, ‘The Girl Ranchers of California’, The Cosmopolitan, 28 (Apr. 1900), pp. 613–16.

    157. The white slaves of free America: being an account of the sufferings, privations and hardships of the weary

    toilers in our great cities as recently exposed by Nell Nelson, of the Chicago Times. 1888 With special

    contributions by Judge T. M. Cooley, T.V. Powderly and others (Chicago: R. S. Peale & Co., 1888), pp. 50–4.

    Part 13: The Post-Darwinian Child

    158. Louis Robinson, ‘The Primitive Child’, The North American Review, 159, 455 (1894). pp. 467–78.

    159. Alice Merritt Davidson, California Plants in Their Homes: A Botanical Reader for Children (Los Angeles: B. R. Baumgard and Company, 1898), pp. 17–24, 39–50.

    160. ‘A Little Christmas Dream’, Punch (20 Dec. 1868), p. 272.

    161. ‘A Young Darwinian’, Punch (1 May 1880), p. 193.

    Part 14: Children, War and Patriotism

    Great Britain and the Commonwealth

    162. ‘There is No Place Like Home’, Punch (Vol. 16, 1849), pp. 29–30.

    163. ‘Britannia Taking Care of the Soldiers’ Children’, Punch (4 Mar. 1854), p. 85.

    164. ‘An Opinion Backed by Something Like an Authority’, Punch (3 Nov. 1855), p. 183.

    165. ‘Too Civil By Half’, Punch (7 Nov. 1857), p. 191.

    166. John A. Cooper, ‘Boer Women and Children’, Canadian Magazine of Politics, Science, Art and Literature, 19 (1902), pp. 31–5.

    167. ‘The Mortality Among European Soldiers’ Children in India’, The British Medical Journal, 2, 768 (1875), pp. 370–2.

    168. ‘South Africa’, Appleton’s Annual Cyclopaedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1901, Third Series, Vol. 6. (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1902), pp. 622–3.

    169. ‘The South African Concentration Camps’, Northwestern Christian Advocate (12 Feb. 1902), p. 5.

    United States

    170. Mrs Tillie Alleman (Pierce), At Gettysburg. What a Girl Saw and Heard of the Battle (New York: W. Lake Borland, 1889), pp. 5–7, 21–30, 55–63, 71–4.

    171. William Bircher, A Drummer-Boy’s Diary: Comprising Four Years of Service with the Second Regiment Minnesota Veteran Volunteers, 1861 to 1865 (St. Paul, Minn.: St. Paul Book and Stationary Company, 1889), pp. 10–17, 24–6, 31–6, 76–9, 83–6, 89–91.

    172. Sarah Morgan Dawson, A Confederate Girl’s Diary (Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1913), frontispiece, pp. 23–8, 39–47, 335–8.

    173. M. H. Leonard, ‘Children’s Side of War’, Journal of Education, 48 (21 July 1898), pp. 79–83.