1st Edition

China’s BRI in Different Regions of the World Cooperation, Contradictions and Concerns

Edited By Sanjeev Kumar Copyright 2023
    388 Pages 14 B/W Illustrations
    by Routledge

    China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is completing a decade. There have been varied responses to the Initiative from countries and regions besides the emergence of alternative initiatives and narratives. This sets the stage for evaluating the robustness of the Initiative, its implementation as well as its implications from the perspective of individual countries and regions across the globe.

    This book begins by examining China’s domestic, economic, maritime and strategic interests as drivers for the Initiative. BRI has been analysed in country-specific, regional and continental contexts. It brings out the experiences and responses from South Asia, Eurasia, East Asia, Southeast Asia, the Arab world, Latin America, the Caribbean as well as from Europe and Africa. Further, BRI has been studied in the larger context of the US-China competition. The final section explores BRI in the context of the twin challenges of recent times, i.e., the pandemic and Russia-Ukraine conflict. The book concludes with an epilogue which outlines the broad trends related to BRI that have emerged from this study of ICWA.





    part i

    BRI: Thematic Perspectives

    1. China’s BRI since 2013: Domestic Drivers, Conceptual Discourse and Policy Pronouncements

    Sanjeev Kumar

    2. Beijing’s Ambitious 21st Century Maritime Silk Road

    Pragya Pandey

    3. Economic Implications of BRI

    Rahul Nath Choudhury

    4. The United States and China: The Strategic Competition and Response

    Stuti Banerjee and Ankita Dutta

    part ii

    BRI in South Asia

    5. China-Pakistan Economic Corridor: Pursuing Agenda amid Conflict Situation

    Dhrubajyoti Bhattacharjee

    6. China and Bangladesh under the Rubric of BRI

    Teshu Singh

    7. BRI in Sri Lanka and Maldives: Economic, Political and Security Dynamics

    Samatha Mallempati

    8. China’s BRI in Nepal: Complexities and Concerns

    Naresh Kumar B. K.

    9. China, Afghanistan and BRI

    Anwesha Ghosh

    part iii

    BRI in China’s Neighbouring Regions: Eurasia, East Asia, and Southeast Asia

    10. China’s BRI and its Neo-mercantilist Approach in Central Asia

    Punit Gaur

    11. Russia-China Cooperation and the BRI

    Himani Pant

    12. Japan’s Approach to BRI: Between Cooperation and Competition

    Jojin V. John

    13. BRI: Responses from South Korea

    Jojin V. John

    14. China-Mongolia Relations and the Economic Corridor

    Sudeep Kumar

    15. Economic Statecraft through BRI in Southeast Asia

    Temjenmeren Ao

    part iv

    BRI in Arab World

    16. BRI and the WANA Region: An Assessment

    Fazzur Rahman Siddiqui

    17. BRI: An Era of New Arab-China Engagement


    part v

    BRI in Continental Context: Europe, Africa and Latin America

    18. BRI: Narratives and Counter-Narratives from Europe

    Ankita Dutta

    19. BRI in Africa: From Enthusiasm to Dilemma

    Sankalp Gurjar

    20. BRI in Latin America and Caribbean: Expectations and Challenges

    Stuti Banerjee

    part vi

    BRI and Two Challenges of Recent Times

    21. BRI: Challenges of Pandemic and Conflict

    Athar Zafar

    22. Epilogue: Regions and Reflections

    Sanjeev Kumar



    Sanjeev Kumar is Senior Research Fellow at the Indian Council of World Affairs, New Delhi. He has been a Member and Coordinator of ICWA’s Core Group on China, and a Member of Vivekananda International Foundation’s China Experts Group. His research interests include: domestic dynamics of China, India-China relations, and China’s foreign and neighbourhood policy. Dr. Kumar has published research papers in reputed journals and contributed chapters in volumes published in India, China, and the US. His recent co-edited publications include China and the Eurasian Region: Geographic and Geopolitical Influences.