China's Environmental Foreign Relations
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Over recent decades, China has moved from being a follower towards taking on a leadership role in global environmental governance. This book discusses this important development. It examines the key role of Chinese interest groups, showing how through various domestic dynamics they have influenced how China has approached issues such as climate change and the environment. Focusing on examples of multilateral environmental treaties, bilateral cooperation, and the proposition of alternative norms – the idea of China as an "ecological civilisation" – the book provides crucial insights on the evolution of China’s approach to international relations and engagement with global environmental governance, and contributes to the discussion of what kind of power China is poised to become.
Table of Contents
Preface Chapter 1 Interest groups in China’s environmental foreign relations The genesis of China’s environmental foreign relations Visibility of interests and invisibility of interest groups Research puzzle Methodological note Argument in a nutshell Chapter 2 From ecological modernisation to environmental nationalism Ecological modernisation Eco-socialism Chinese environmentalism? Environmental nationalism Chapter 3 A Tale of Two Treaties Montreal Protocol and Convention on Biological Diversity Unravelling implementation patterns Enforcement: procedural versus substantive Compliance: procedural versus substantive Partnering enforcement with compliance Analysis: unexpected interest groups and familiar rhetoric Chapter 4 Selective sharing in bilateral environmental cooperation Bilateral environmental cooperation Chinese experience Public interest group: important in an invisible way Entering Laos Seeking new partnership Analysis: public interest group in the story of Chinese overseas investment Chapter 5 The rise of Ecological Civilisation Conceptualising Ecological Civilisation Debating Ecological Civilisation Register domestic interests to the international discourse Analysis: reshuffling power and rebranding image Chapter 6 Conclusion: A Constructive Utilitarian Power? References
Heidi Wang-Kaeding is a Lecturer in International Relations in the School of Social, Political and Global Studies at Keele University