China has enjoyed heroic growth rates in the last twenty five years of reform and transition, pulling more people out of poverty more quickly than at any other time in human history. Nonetheless these successes have had costs: today China is faced with increasing environmental difficulties and there is a dangerous level of inequality of income and wealth leading to large numbers of often violent disputes and demonstrations in the countryside.
This book discusses the very latest issues relating to China's remarkable economic growth. It provides comprehensive coverage of these issues, including economic, political-economic, environmental and philosophical questions, presenting material in as non-technical a way as possible. The issues discussed reflect key concerns within China itself at present. These focus not just on how to sustain fast rates of economic growth but also on how to solve the problems resulting from it, problems including widening levels of income equality, new forms of environmental degradation to include water shortages, health issues, governance dilemmas and new problems for the banking, strategic industrial and agricultural sectors.
This book not only encompasses the current socio-economic situation in China, accepting its strengths while highlighting dilemmas, but also provides suggestions for policy. As such, it reflects a growing recognition in China that the attainment of both continued strong economic growth and a greater degree of social harmony are mutually interdependent: that one will not be achieved without the other.
Part 1: China’s Post Reform Economy – Achieving Harmony 1. Introduction Richard Sanders 2. The Origins of China's Quest for a Harmonious Society: Failures on the Governance and Environmental Fronts Wing Thye Woo 3. Environment, Health and Sustainability in Twenty-First Century China Ian Cook 4. Challenge, Governance Reform and Disharmony in Rural Society John Q. Tian 5. Exit of Involution in Rural China: An Alternative Development Path? Chen Yang 6. Regional Income Vulnerability and Inequality in China from 1985 to 2001: An Analysis Using an Asset Based Framework Richard Schiere and Yiu Por Chen Part 2: China’s Post Reform Economy – Sustaining Growth 7. China’s Banking Reform: Problems and Potential Solutions Charles Goodhart and Xiaosong Zeng 8. Ownership Reform, Foreign Competition and Efficiency of Chinese Commercial Banks Shujie Yao and Zhongwei Han 9. Local States and the Building of a Regulatory State: Implementing Reforms in China’s Cotton Sector Björn Alpermann 10. The Dynamics of Industrial Clusters in China: The Case of the Ningbo Clothing Cluster Wang Jinmin and Richard Sanders 11. Industrial Catch-Up during Transition and Globalization: The Case of the Chinese Steel Sector Pei Sun 12. The Importance of Ultra High Speed Railways for China in Twenty-First Century John Kidd and Marielle Stumm 13. Managing the Transition from Administrative Monopoly to Regulated Monopoly in China’s Strategic Sectors: A Case Study of China’s Oil Industry Chen Yang and Richard Sanders