China’s war on terror is among its most prominent and least understood of campaigns. With links to the global jihad, an indigenous insurgency threatens the government’s grip on a massive region of north- western China known as Xinjiang. Riots, bombings, ambushes, and assassinations have rocked the region under separatist and Islamist banners. China acted early and forcefully, and although brutal, their efforts represent one of the few successes in the global struggle against Islamist terrorism.
The effectiveness of this campaign has raised questions regarding whether China genuinely confronts a terrorist threat. In this book, based on extensive fieldwork, Martin Wayne investigates China’s counterinsurgency effort, highlighting the success of an approach centred on reshaping local society and government institutions. At the same time, he raises the question of what the United States may be able to learn from China’s approach, and argues that as important a case as Xinjiang needs to be fully examined in order for terrorism to be defeated.
This book will be of interest to students of China, Asian politics, terrorism and security studies in general.
Introduction: Morality and Power in China’s Wild West 1. Fighting Terrorism: China’s Bottom-Up Approach 2. Insurgency in Xinjiang 3. Counterinsurgency: China’s "Infinite" Political Will 4. The Changing Use of Force in Society 5. Grass-Roots Institutions and Security 6. The War of Ideas: The Reshaping of Society in Xinjiang 7. Conclusion: Gauging Effectiveness. Epilogue: The Art of Countering Insurgency
Few regions of the world are fraught with as many security questions as Asia. Within this region it is possible to study great power rivalries, irredentist conflicts, nuclear and ballistic missile proliferation, secessionist movements, ethnoreligious conflicts and inter-state wars. This series publishes the best possible scholarship on the security issues affecting the region, and includes detailed empirical studies, theoretically oriented case studies and policy-relevant analyses as well as more general works.