1st Edition

Chinese Entrepreneurship

ISBN 9781138016200
Published September 14, 2015 by Routledge
1834 Pages 61 B/W Illustrations

USD $1,655.00

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Book Description

Entrepreneurship is recognised as an integral element of economic advancement and social force. With socio-political transformation within China in the past three decades, integration of China’s economy into the global market, and the wide spreading of Chinese businesses to other parts of the world, Chinese entrepreneurs have increasingly absorbed modern entrepreneurial norms, practice and spirit. The cultural and historical effects intricately interact with rapid changes in social, economic and political institutions. This has led to a high degree of continuity of the unique characteristics of Chinese entrepreneurship and significant alterations in how businesses are organised and conducted. Contemporary Chinese entrepreneurship has and will continue to play a significant part in global economic development.

Chinese Entrepreneurship is fully indexed with a comprehensive introduction, newly written by the editor, which places the articles in their historical and intellectual context. It is an essential work of reference and is destined to be valued by scholars and students as a vital one-stop research resource.

Table of Contents


Part 1: Chinese Entrepreneurship

1. Linda Yueh, ‘China’s Entrepreneurs’, World Development, 2009, 37, 4, 778–86.

2. Debbie Liao and Philip Sohmen, ‘The Development of Modern Entrepreneurship in China’, Stanford Journal of East Asian Affairs, 2001, 1, 27–33.

3. Hongbin Li, Zheyu Yang, Xianguo Yao, Haifeng Zhang, and Junsen Zhang, ‘Entrepreneurship, Private Economy and Growth: Evidence from China’, China Economic Review, 2012, 23, 948–61.

4. Maurice Brosseau, ‘The Individual and Entrepreneurship in the Chinese Economic Reforms’, China Review, 1995, 25, 1–43.

5. Ichiro Numazaki, ‘The Laoban-led Development of Business Enterprises in Taiwan: An Analysis of the Chinese Entrepreneurship’, The Developing Economies, 1997, XXXV, 4, 440–57.

6. Qinghua Zhai, Jing Su, and Minghai Ye, ‘Focus on China: The Current Status of Entrepreneurship Research in China’, Scientometrics, 2014, 98, 3, 1985–2006.

Part 2: Entrepreneurial Leadership

7. Shenglan Huang, Donghong Ding, and Zhi Chen, ‘Entrepreneurial Leadership and Performance in Chinese New Ventures: A Moderated Mediation Model of Exploratory Innovation, Exploitative Innovation and Environmental Dynamism’, Creativity and Innovation Management, 2014, 23, 4, 453–71.

8. Anne S. Tsui, Hui Wang, Katherine Xin, Lihua Zhang, and P. P. Fu, ‘"Let a Thousand Flowers Bloom": Variation of Leadership Styles Among Chinese CEOs’, Organizational Dynamics, 2004, 33, 1, 5–20.

9. Yonggui Wang and Xiao Zhang, ‘Operationalization of Corporate Entrepreneurship and its Performance Implications in China: An Empirical Study’, Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 2009, 1, 1, 8–20.

10. Qianwen Li and Ziyuan Zhang, ‘A Theoretical and Empirical Research on the Mediating Effect of Internal Entrepreneurial Environment’, Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 2010, 2, 1, 5–18.

11. Yuli Zhang, Xiaofei Yang, and Fengling Ma, ‘A Quantitative Analysis of the Characteristics of Rapid-Growth Firms and their Entrepreneurs in China’, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 2008, 15, 4, 675–88.

Part 3: Featured Entrepreneurs

12. Ole Odgaard, ‘Entrepreneurs and Elite Formation in Rural China’, Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs, 1992, 28, July, 89–108.

13. Thomas Heberer, ‘Ethnic Entrepreneurship and Ethnic Identity: A Case Study Among the Liangshan Yi (Nuosu) in China’, China Quarterly, 2005, 182, June, 407–27.

14. Tonia Warnecke, Lucas Hernandez, and Nicholas Nunn, ‘Female Entrepreneurship in China: Opportunity or Necessity-based?’, International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2012, 15, 4,  411-434.

15. Sali Li, William Schulze, and Zhineng Li, ‘Plunging into the Sea, Again? A Study of Serial Entrepreneurship in China’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 2009, 26, 667–80.

Part 4: Overseas Chinese Entrepreneurship

16. Hong Liu, ‘Beyond a Revisionist Turn: Networks, State and the Changing Dynamics of Diasporic Chinese Entrepreneurship’, China: An International Journal, 2012, 10, 3, 20–41.

17. Yuan-Li Wu, ‘Chinese Entrepreneurs in Southeast Asia’, American Economic Review, 1983, 73, 2, 112–17.

18. Edmund Terence Gomez, ‘Family Firms, Transnationalism and Generational Change: Chinese Enterprise in Britain and Malaysia’, East Asia, 2007, 24, 153–72.

19. Christopher Selvarajah and Eryadi K. Masli, ‘Ethnic Entrepreneurial Business Cluster Development: Chinatowns in Melbourne’, Journal of Asia Business Studies, 2011, 5, 1, 42–60.

20. Peter Li, ‘Chinese Investment and Business in Canada: Ethnic Entrepreneurship Reconsidered’, Pacific Affairs, 1993, 66, 2, 219–43.


Part 5: Entrepreneurial Tradition

21. Susan Mann, ‘Brokers as Entrepreneurs in Presocialist China’, Society for Comparative Study of Society and History, 1984, 614–36.

22. Greg Clydesdale, ‘Economic Decline and the Failure of Chinese Entrepreneurs’, Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics, 2007, 10, 2, 160–79.

23. T. Wright, ‘Entrepreneurs, Politicians and the Chinese Coal Industry, 1895–1937’, Modern Asian Studies, 1980, 14, 4, 579–602.

24. Richard W. Stites, ‘Industrial Work as an Entrepreneurial Strategy’, Modern China, 1985, 11, 2, 227–46.

Part 6: Cultural Influence on Chinese Entrepreneurship

25. Benoit Vermander, ‘Chinese Wisdom, Management Practices and the Humanities’, Journal of Management Development, 2011, 30, 7/8, 697–708.

26. Kit-Fai Pun, Kwai-Sang Chin, and Henry Lau, ‘A Review of the Chinese Cultural Influences on Chinese Enterprise Management’, International Journal of Management Reviews, 2000, 2, 4, 325–38.

27. Yipeng Liu and Tamar Almor, ‘How Culture Influences the Way Entrepreneurs Deal with Uncertainty in Inter-Organizational Relationships: The Case of Returnee versus Local Entrepreneurs in China’, International Business Review, 2014.

28. Amy Lai Yu Wong, Graham H. Shawand, and David K.C. Ng, ‘Taiwan Chinese Managers’ Personality: Is Confucian Influence on the Wane?’, International Journal of Human Resource Management, 2010, 21, 7, 1108–23.

29. Paul McDonald, ‘Maoism versus Confucianism: Ideological Influences on Chinese Business Leaders’, Journal of Management Development, 2011, 30, 7/8, 632–46.

30. Wei Wang and Peter P. Chang, ‘Entrepreneurship and Strategy in China: Why "Porter’s Five Forces" May Not Be’, Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 2009, 1, 1, 53–64.

Part 7: Social Capital and Guanxi Networks

31. Chun Guo and Jane K. Miller, ‘Guanxi Dynamics and Entrepreneurial Firm Creation and Development in China’, Management and Organization Review, 2010, 6, 2, 267–91.

32. Weihong Ma and Joseph Y. S. Cheng, ‘The Evolution of Entrepreneurs’ Social Networks in China: Patterns and Significance’, Journal of Contemporary China, 2010, 19, 67, 891–911.

33. Xinchun Li and Li Liu, ‘Embedded Guanxi Networks, Market Guanxi Networks and Entrepreneurial Growth in the Chinese Context’, Frontiers of Business Research in China, 2010, 4, 3, 341–59.

34. Chenting Su, Ronald K. Mitchell, and M. Joseph Sirgy, ‘Enabling Guanxi Management in China: A Hierarchical Stakeholder Model of Effective Guanxi’, Journal of Business Ethics, 2007, 71, 301–19.

35. Bat Batjargal and Mannie (Manhong) Liu, ‘Entrepreneurs’ Access to Private Equity in China: The Role of Social Capital’, Organization Science, 2004, 15, 2, 159–72.

PART 8: The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship

36. Victor P. Lau, Margaret A. Shaffer, and Kevin Au, ‘Entrepreneurial Career Success from a Chinese Perspective: Conceptualization, Operationalization, and Validation’, Journal of International Business Studies, 2007, 38, 1, 126–46.

37. Saul Fine, Hui Meng, Gerald Feldman, and Baruch Nevo, ‘Psychological Predictors of Successful Entrepreneurship in China: An Empirical Study’, International Journal of Management, 2012, 29, 1, 279–92.

38. Jintong Tang, ‘How Entrepreneurs Discover Opportunities in China: An Institutional View’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 2010, 27, 461–79.

39. David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Sally Stewart, Robert H. Terpstra, and Yu Kaicheng, ‘Doing Business in the 21st Century with the New Generation of Chinese Managers: A Study of Generational Shifts in Work Values in China’, Journal of International Business Studies, 1999, 30, 2, 415–27.

40. Thomas Wing Yan Man, Theresa Lau, and K. F. Chan, ‘Home-grown and Abroad-bred Entrepreneurs in China: A Study of the Influences of External Context on Entrepreneurial Competencies’, Journal of Enterprising Culture, 2008, 16, 2, 113–32.


Part 9: The Institutional Environment of Chinese Entrepreneurship

41. Nir Kshetri, ‘Institutional Changes Affecting Entrepreneurship in China’, Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 2007, 12, 4, 415–32.

42. Keming Yang, ‘Institutional Holes and Entrepreneurship in China’, Sociological Review, 2004, 52, 3, 371–89.

43. Wubiao Zhou, ‘Political Connections and Entrepreneurial Investment: Evidence from China’s Transition Economy’, Journal of Business Venturing, 2013, 28, 299–315.

44. Shiuh-Shen Chien, ‘New Local State Power through Administrative Restructuring: A Case Study of Post-Mao China County-level Urban Entrepreneurialism in Kunshan’, Geoforum, 2013, 46, 103–12.

45. Hing-lung Chan, ‘Experiences and Perceptions of Hong Kong Chinese Entrepreneurs Regarding the Political Change of 1997’, Issue & Studies, 1995, 31, 11, 108–26.

Part 10: Growth of Private Entrepreneurs

46. Jun Li and Harry Matlay, ‘Chinese Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development: An Overview and Research Agenda’, Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 2006, 13, 2, 248–62.

47. Kellee S. Tsai, ‘Capitalists Without a Class: Political Diversity Among Private Entrepreneurs in China’, Comparative Political Studies, 2005, 38, 9, 1130–58.

48. Wilfried R. Vanhonacker, David Zweig, and Siu Fung Chung, ‘A Descriptive Study of the Marketing Practices of Chinese Private Entrepreneurs’, Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing and Logistics, 2007, 19, 2, 182–98.

49. Tianli Feng and Guofeng Wang, ‘How Private Enterprises Establish Organizational Legitimacy in China’s Transitional Economy’, Journal of Management Development, 2010, 29, 4, 377–93.

50. Eun Kyong Choi and Kate Xiao Zhou, ‘Entrepreneurs and Politics in the Chinese Transitional Economy: Political Connections and Rent-seeking’, The China Review, 2001, 1, 1, 111–35.

Part 11: Transformation of State-owned Enterprises

51. Justin Tan, ‘Venturing in Turbulent Water: A Historical Perspective of Economic Reform and Entrepreneurial Transformation’, Journal of Business Venturing, 2005, 20, 689–704.

52. Pei Sun, Mike Wright and Kamel Mellahi, ‘Is Entrepreneur–Politician Alliance Sustainable During Transition? The Case of Management Buyouts in China’, Management and Organization Review, 2010, 6, 1, 101–21.

53. Yongming Zhou, ‘Social Capital and Power: Entrepreneurial Elite and the State in Contemporary China’, Policy Sciences, 2000, 33, 323–40.

54. Chong-En Bai and Lixin Colin Xu, ‘Incentives for CEOs with Multitasks: Evidence from Chinese State-owned Enterprises’, Journal of Comparative Economics, 2005, 33, 517–39.

55. Jane Duckett, ‘Bureaucrats in Business, Chinese-Style: The Lessons of Market Reform and State Entrepreneurialism in the People’s Republic of China’, World Development, 2001, 29, 1, 23–37.

Part 12: Internalisation of Chinese Entrepreneurship

56. Wim Naudé and Stephanié Rossouw, ‘Early International Entrepreneurship in China: Extent and Determinants’, Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 2010, 8, 87–111.

57. Fu-Lai Tony Yu, ‘Turning Trash Papers into Gold Entrepreneurship and International Coordination of China’s Paper Queen, Zhang Yin’, Journal of Chinese Entrepreneurship, 2012, 4, 1, 88–96.

58. Dirk De Clercq, Harry J. Sapienza, and Lianxi Zhou, ‘Entrepreneurial Strategic Posture and Learning Effort in International Ventures: The Moderating Roles of Operational Flexibilities’, International Business Review, 2014, 23, 981–92.

59. Huiyao Wang, David Zweig, and Xiaohua Lin, ‘Returnee Entrepreneurs: Impact on China's Globalization Process’, Journal of Contemporary China, 2011, 20, 70, 413–31.

60. Xiaoyu Yu and Steven Si, ‘Innovation, Internationalization and Entrepreneurship: A New Venture Research Perspective’, Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, 2012, 14, 4, 524–39.


Part 13: Ethical Business

61. Xiaohe Lu, ‘Business Ethics in China’, Journal of Business Ethics, 1997, 16, 14, 1509–18.

62. Tak Sing Cheung and Ambrose Yeo-chi King, ‘Righteousness and Profitableness: The Moral Choices of Contemporary Confucian Entrepreneurs’, Journal of Business Ethics, 2004, 54, 3, 245-60.

63. Xuan He, ‘Symbiotic Relationship of Modern Contract and Traditional Ethic: Entrepreneur’s Zhongyong Rationality and Family Farm Governance Choice’, Frontiers of Business Research in China, 2011, 5, 3, 436–51.

64. Kylie Redfern and John Crawford, ‘Regional Differences in Business Ethics in the People’s Republic of China: A Multi-Dimensional Approach to the Effects of Modernization’, Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 2010, 27, 215–35.

65. Chen-Fong Wu, ‘Research on a Typology of Business Ethics Operation across the Taiwan Strait’, Journal of Business Ethics, 2004, 52, 3, 229–42.

Part 14: Corporate Social Responsibility

66. Lei Wang and Heikki Juslin, ‘The Impact of Chinese Culture on Corporate Social Responsibility: The Harmony Approach’, Journal of Business Ethics, 2009, 88, Supplement 3, 433–51.

67. Riliang Qu, ‘Effects of Government Regulations, Market Orientation and Ownership Structure on Corporate Social Responsibility in China: An Empirical Study’, International Journal of Management, 2007, 24, 3, 582–91.

68. Liangrong Zu and Lina Song, ‘Determinants of Managerial Values on Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence from China’, Journal of Business Ethics, 2009, 88, Supplement 1, 105–17.

69. Shangkun Xu and Rudai Yang, ‘Indigenous Characteristics of Chinese Corporate Social Responsibility: Conceptual Paradigm’, Journal of Business Ethics, 2010, 93, 321–33.

70. Huimin Gu, Chris Ryan, Li Bin, and Gao Wei, ‘Political Connections, Guanxi and Adoption of CSR Policies in the Chinese Hotel Industry: Is There a Link?’, Tourism Management, 2013, 34, 231–5.

Part 15: Social Entrepreneurship

71. Xiaomin Yu, ‘Social Enterprise in China: Driving Forces, Development Patterns and Legal Framework’, Social Enterprise Journal, 2011, 7, 1, 9–32.

72. Timothy Curtis, ‘"Newness" in Social Entrepreneurship Discourses: The Concept of "Danwei" in the Chinese Experience’, Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 2011, 2, 2, 198–217.

73. Hong Lan, Ying Zhu, David Ness, Ke Xing, and Kris Schneider, ‘The Role and Characteristics of Social Entrepreneurs In Contemporary Rural Cooperative Development in China: Case Studies of Rural Social Entrepreneurship’, Asia Pacific Business Review, 2014, 20, 3, 379–400.

74. Linda Wong and Jun Tang, ‘Dilemmas Confronting Social Entrepreneurs: Care Homes for Elderly People in Chinese Cities’, Pacific Affairs, 2006/7, 79, 4, 623–40.

75. Yu-Yuan Kuan, Kam-Tong Chan, and Shu-Twu Wang, ‘The Governance of Social Enterprise in Taiwan and Hong Kong: A Comparison’, Journal of Asian Public Policy, 2011, 4, 2, 149–70.

Part 16: Entrepreneurial Impact on Political and Social Changes in China

76. Jae Cheol Kim, ‘From the Fringe to the Center: The Political Emergence of Private Entrepreneurs in China’, Issues & Studies, 2005, 41, 3, 113–43.

77. Beatria Carrillo Garcia, ‘Business Opportunities and Philanthropic Initiatives: Private Entrepreneurs, Welfare Provision and the Prospects for Social Change in China’, Protosociology: An International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 2012, 29, 101-15.

78. An Chen, ‘Capitalist Development, Entrepreneurial Class, and Democratization in China’, Political Science Quarterly, 2002, 117, 3, 401–22.

79. Kristen Parris, ‘Entrepreneurs and Citizenship in China’, Problems of Post-Communism, 1999, January/February, 43–61.

80. Chin-Fu Hung, ‘The Interactions between Internet Entrepreneurs and the Chinese Authorities: Possible Implication for Civil Society’, Issues & Studies, 2005, 41, 3, 145–80.

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