Between 2009 and 2012, the city of Chongqing came into the national, and even international spotlight, as it became the geographical centre of the ‘Singing Red, Smashing Black’ campaign, and later the political storm that swept China. Chongqing’s Red Culture Campaign drew an incredible amount of interest at the time, but speculation and prejudice has since blurred the public understanding of the sensational story that ties the campaign with the rise and fall of a political star, Bo Xilai.
This book, therefore, seeks to study the nature of Chongqing’s Red Culture Campaign, and the interaction between the political programme and the practices of its participants. Based on fieldwork conducted in Chongqing, it seeks to question whether the Red Culture Campaign was actually a return to Maoist revolutionary mass campaigning whilst examining the relationship between the CCP's political power and the lives of the ordinary people as reflected in the case of the campaign. Ultimately, it highlights that the campaign was not in fact a real Maoist mass movement. Although it followed the pre-existing model of past mass campaigns in China, containing a series of frequent and highly performative operations, Xiao Mei argues that it essentially demonstrated critical features of ‘simulation’.
By contributing to our understanding of the discrepancies between a designed political programme, and what it actually becomes when implemented on the ground, this book will be of use to students and scholars of Chinese Studies, Politics and Sociology.
1. Chongqing Under the Spotlight: The ‘Chongqing Model’ and its Controversies
2. Putting China’s Mass Campaigns into Perspective
3. Chongqing’s Red Culture Campaign as Simulation
4. Who were the Participants in Chongqing’s Red Culture Campaign?
5. Experiencing the Campaign: Patterns of Practices by the local people in Chongqing
6. How the Official Programme Interacted with the Practices of the Local Participants: Exchange
7. How the Official Programme Interacted with the Practices of the Local Participants: Framing