This volume provides a theoretically and empirically-grounded study of the significance of landscape in the experience of Christian pilgrimage across different denominations and its intersection with cultural heritage and tourism. The book focuses on pilgrimages to Meteora (Greece), Subiaco (Italy) and the Isle of Man. These are each sites of scenic beauty that boast a rich heritage associated respectively to Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Ecumenical/ Protestant denominations. The study discusses different Christian theologies, practices and perspectives on the nature and the purpose of pilgrimage in these traditions. It draws on participant experiential accounts, archival research, and interviews with clergy, laity and local stakeholders. Special attention is paid to the themes of sacred space and practice, aesthetics, mobilities, embodiment and performance, emotional geographies, theology, cultural heritage, consumption and commodification, and the pilgrim-tourist continuum.
1. Introduction: Pilgrimage, Landscape, Heritage Avril Maddrell and Veronica della Dora 2. Theological Perspective on Christian Pilgrimage Heather Walton Part I: Pilgrimage to the Orthodox East: Meteora 3. Ways of Seeing: The Making of a Holy Landscape of Rocks Veronica della Dora 4. Where the Tourist’s Gaze Fades: Performing Landscape and the Sacred in Meteora Veronica della Dora Part II: Pilgrimage to the Latin West: Subiaco 5. The Topographies of Benedict’s Holy Cave Alessandro Scafi 6. Visiting the Monastery of the Sacro Speco in Subiaco Alessandro Scafi Part III: Renewing Pilgrimage Practices in the Celtic West: The Isle of Man 7. Contextualising Sacred Sites, Pathways and Shared Heritage: Local History, Ecumenism and National Identity Avril Maddrell 8. Mobilising the Landscape and the Body in Search of the Spiritual: Journeying, Performance and Community Avril Maddrell 9. Conclusion: Pilgrimage, Landscape and Heritage: Intersecting Pathways Avril Maddrell and Veronica della Dora
The public prominence of religion has increased globally in recent years, while places associated with religion, such as pilgrimage centers, and famous cathedrals, temples and shrines, have attracted growing numbers of visitors and media attention. Such developments are part of a global process where different forms of travel – physical movement such as labor and lifestyle migration, tourism of various forms, the cultural heritage industry and pilgrimage – have become a major feature of the modern world. These translocal and transnational processes involve flows of not just people but also material objects, ideas, information, images and capital.
The public prominence of religion aligned to the modern growth of tourism (sometimes now claimed as the world’s single largest industry) has created a new dynamic relationship between religion, travel and tourism. It has been mirrored by expanding academic research in these areas over the last twenty years across a variety of disciplinary areas, ranging from anthropology, sociology, geography, history and religious studies to newly emergent areas such as tourism and migration studies. Such studies have also expanded exponentially in terms of the geographic spread of places, religions and regions being researched.
This series provides a new forum for studies based around these themes, drawing together research on the relationships between religion, travel and tourism. These include studies from global and cross-cultural perspectives of topics, such as: