This book tells the story of how Catholic and Protestant Indians have attempted to locate themselves within the evolving Indian nation. Ironically, British rule in India did not privilege Christians, but pushed them to the margins of a predominantly Hindu society. Drawing upon wide-ranging sources, the book first explains how the Indian judiciary's 'official knowledge' isolated Christians from Indian notions of family, caste and nation. It then describes how different varieties and classes of Christians adopted, resisted and reshaped both imperial and nationalist perceptions of their identity. Within a climate of rising communal tension in India, this study finds immediate relevance.
'The book is valuable for at least two reasons. First, it brings to life a hitherto unexplored but important slice of the Indian Christian story. Secondly, its well-documented and persuasive argument that it is hardly possible to talk about the Indian Christians in the singular, is important particularly in the face of the Hindu right's deliberate attempt to portray them as homogenous.' - International Journal of Asian Studies
'This is the best book written so far on Indian Christians and Indian nationalist politics…As a whole this book is well researched, tightly argued, and very insightful. This is an important book that I strongly recommend.' - International Bulletin of Missionary Research
List of Abbreviations Preface 1. Introduction Part 1 Legal Constructions of Religious Identity 2. Rights of Converts within British and Princely India, 1870-1895 3. Inheritance Law and the 'Native Christian' Community, 1863-1917 4. Marital Law - Constructions of Hindu and Christian Identity (1870-1920) Part 2 Conceiving a Political Community 5. The Spiritual vs. the Political: Global Religion and Indian Politics, 1917-1933 6. The Protestant Disavowal of Christian Communalism, 1910-1933 7. The Indigenization of Catholic Action, 1921-37 Part 3 Caste and Communal Identity 8. Religion, Caste and Political Rhetoric, 1925-37 9. At the Margins of Marginality: Dalit Christians, 1917-1937 10. Conclusion Bibliography